Troad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Troad
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Part of the walls of Troy
Part of the walls of Troy
Location North-western Anatolia
Historical capital Troy
Roman province Asia
Map of the Troad (Troas)

The Troad (/ˈtrˌæd/ or /ˈtrəd/) or Troas /ˈtrəs/ is the historical name of the Biga peninsula (modern Turkish: Biga Yarımadası, Greek: Τρωάς) in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey. This region now is part of the Çanakkale province of Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander (Karamenderes) and the Simois, which join at the area containing the ruins of Troy. Grenikos, Kebren, Simoeis, Rhesos, Rhodios, Heptaporos and Aisepos were seven rivers of the Troad and the names of the river gods that inhabited each river.

History[edit]

The Troad gets its name from the Hittites' name for the region, Taruisa. This identification was first put forth by Emil Forrer, but largely disputed by most Hittite experts until 1983 when Houwink ten Cate showed that two fragments were from the same original cuneiform tablet and in his discussion of the restored letter showed that Taruisa and Wilusa (Troy) were correctly placed in northwestern Anatolia. According to Trevor Bryce, Hittite texts indicate a number of Ahhiyawan raids on Wilusa during the 13th century BC, which may have resulted with the overthrow of king Walmu. [1] Bryce also reports that archeological surveys conducted by John Bintliff in the 1970s show that a powerful kingdom that held sway over northwestern Anatolia was based at Wilusa (Troy).

Hellenistic settlements flourished in Troas during Archaic and Classical ages, as evidenced by the number of Greek poleis that coined money in their own names. [2] The kings of Pergamum (now Bergama) later ceded the territory of the Troad to the Roman Republic. Under the Empire, the territory of the Troad became part of the province of Asia; under the later Byzantine Empire, it was included in the thema of the Aegean Islands. Following its conquest by the Ottoman Empire, the Troad formed part of the sanjak of Biga.

In the New Testament[edit]

Paul visited Troas.[3] He also refers to Troas when he asks his fellow worker Timothy out of Ephesus, to get his coat there.[4][context?] This was a journey of about 500 kilometres (310 mi). Paul was accompanied by Luke.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bryce, Trevor. "AHHIYAWANS AND MYCENAEANS – AN ANATOLIAN VIEWPOINT". Oxford Journal of Archaeology 8 (3): 297–310. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0092.1989.tb00207.x. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  2. ^ asiaminorcoins.com - Troas
  3. ^ 2 Corinthians, 2:12.
  4. ^ 2 Timothy, 4: 13.

Bibliography[edit]