Troctolite

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Troctolite 76535 from the Apollo 17 landing site

Troctolite is a mafic intrusive rock type. It consists essentially of major but variable amounts of olivine and calcic plagioclase along with minor pyroxene. It is an olivine-rich anorthosite, or a pyroxene-depleted relative of gabbro. However, unlike gabbro, no troctolite corresponds in composition to a partial melt of peridotite. Thus, troctolite is necessarily a cumulate of crystals that have fractionated from melt.

Troctolite is found in some layered intrusions such as in the Archean Windimurra intrusion of Western Australia, the Voisey's Bay nickel-copper-cobalt magmatic sulfide deposit of northern Labrador,[1] the Stillwater igneous complex of Montana and the Tertiary Rhum layered intrusion of the island of Rùm, Scotland.[2] Troctolite is also found in the Merensky Reef of the Bushveld Igneous Complex, South Africa and in the Lizard complex in Cornwall.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2001/seven/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=237 Geology of the Voisey's Bay Deposits abstract
  2. ^ http://www.turnstone.ca/rhumal.htm Troctolite (allivalite): Isle of Rhum, northwestern Scotland
  3. ^ http://www.projects.ex.ac.uk/geomincentre/06The%20Lizard.pdf The Lizard
  • Blatt, Harvey and Robert J. Tracy, 1996, Petrology: Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic, 2nd ed., p. 72, Freeman, ISBN 0-7167-2438-3