List of hundreds of England and Wales

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Most of the counties of England were divided into hundreds from the late Saxon period and these were, with a few exceptions, effectively abandoned as administrative divisions in the 19th century.[1] In Wales there was a system of division by cantref (meaning a hundred farmsteads); in some areas, equivalent districts were known as "wapentakes", "cantrefs" (Welsh: cantrefi) or "wards". Some cantrefs and wapentakes were later referred to as hundreds.

Bedfordshire[edit]

Hundreds of Bedfordshire, 1830

Berkshire[edit]

From The National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland (1868)

  • Beynhurst
  • Bray
  • Hundred of Charlton
  • Compton
  • Cookham
  • Faircross
  • Faringdon
  • Ganfield
  • Hundred of Hormer
  • Kintbury Eagle
  • Lambourn
  • Moreton
  • Ock
  • Reading
  • Ripplesmere
  • Shrivenham
  • Sonning
  • Theale
  • Wantage
  • Wargrave

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Chiltern Hundreds[edit]

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Cambridgeshire was divided into 17 hundreds, plus the borough of Cambridge. Each hundred had a separate council that met each month to rule on local judicial and taxation matters. In 1929 the hundreds contained the following parishes.[2][3]

Hundred Area (acres) Parishes
Armingford 29287 Abington Pigotts, Bassingbourn, Croydon, East Hatley, Guilden Morden, Litlington, Melbourn, Meldreth, Royston (part), Shingay, Steeple Morden, Tadlow, Wendy, Whaddon
Chesterton 15847 Chesterton, Childerley, Cottenham, Dry Drayton, Histon
Cheveley 12905 Ashley, Cheveley, Kirtling, Newmarket All Saints, Wood Ditton
Chilford 22364 Babraham, Bartlow, Castle Camps, Great Abington, Hildersham, Horseheath, Linton, Little Abington, Pampisford, Shudy Camps, West Wickham
Ely 42667 Downham, Littleport
Flendish 11906 Cherry Hinton, Fen Ditton, Fulbourn, Horningsea, Teversham
Longstow 25500 Bourn, Caldecote, Caxton, Croxton, Eltisley, Gamlingay, Great Eversden, Hardwick, Hatley St. George, Kingston, Little Eversden, Little Gransden, Longstowe, Toft
North Witchford 86275 Chatteris, Doddington, March, Whittlesey
Northstow 19651 Girton, Impington, Landbeach, Lolworth, Longstanton, Madingley, Milton, Oakington, Rampton, Waterbeach
Papworth 26923 Boxworth, Conington, Elsworth, Fen Drayton, Graveley, Knapwell, Over, Papworth St Agnes, Papworth Everard, Swavesey, Willingham
Radfield 23869 Balsham, Brinkley, Burrough Green, Carlton-cum-Willingham, Dullingham, Stetchworth, West Wratting, Westley Waterless, Weston Colville
South Witchford 37462 Coveney, Grunty Fen, Haddenham, Manea, Mepal, Sutton, Stretham and Thetford,[4] Welches Dam, Wentworth, Wilburton, Witcham, Witchford
Staine 18917 Bottisham, Great Wilbraham, Little Wilbraham, Swaffham Bulbeck, Swaffham Prior, Stow-cum-Quy
Staploe 40775 Burwell, Chippenham, Fordham, Isleham, Kennett, Landwade, Snailwell, Soham, Wicken
Thriplow 16160 Fowlmere, Foxton, Great Shelford, Harston, Hauxton, Little Shelford, Newton, Stapleford, Thriplow, Trumpington
Wetherley 16160 Arrington, Barrington, Barton, Comberton, Coton, Grantchester, Harlton, Haslingfield, Orwell, Shepreth, Wimpole
Whittlesford 11078 Duxford, Hinxton, Ickleton, Sawston, Whittlesford
Wisbech 61157 Elm, Leverington, Newton, Outwell, Parson Drove, Thorney, Tydd St. Giles, Upwell, Wisbech, Wisbech St. Mary

Cheshire[edit]

Hundreds of Cheshire in Domesday Book
The later hundreds of Cheshire

From Harris, B. E., and Thacker, A. T. (1987). The Victoria History of the County of Chester. (Volume 1: Physique, Prehistory, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, and Domesday). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-722761-9.

Domesday Hundreds[edit]

With some variations in the names, the Domesday hundreds were:

Later Hundreds[edit]

Atiscross and Exestan were lost to Wales, and a merging and amalgamation of the rest with a renaming led to the following hundreds:

Cornwall[edit]

In Cornwall, the name calqued cantrev

From GENUKI [4]

For some purposes, the Isles of Scilly were counted as a tenth hundred.

Cumberland[edit]

Cumberland was divided into wards, analogous to hundreds. From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland [5]

Derbyshire[edit]

Divided into hundreds (previously wapentakes). From GENUKI [6]

Devon[edit]

Map of Devonshire and Exeter; by Benjamin Donn (1765)

In 1850 there were thirty-two hundreds in Devon according to White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Devonshire[5]

Dorset[edit]

Dorset Hundreds in 1834

County Durham[edit]

County Durham was divided into wards, analogous to hundreds. From an 1840 map of County Durham [7].

Essex[edit]

According to essex1841.com [8] the 1841 census also recorded Harwich hundred, which the Victoria County History places within Tendring.

Gloucestershire[edit]

Gloucestershire Hundreds in 1832

From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland [9]

The Duchy of Lancaster (Gloucestershire) liberty was sometimes counted as a hundred.

Hampshire[edit]

Hampshire Hundreds in 1832

Herefordshire[edit]

From The National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland (1868) [10]

Hertfordshire[edit]

Hertfordshire Hundreds in 1832

(Danais & Tring added as per History of Hertfordshire)

Huntingdonshire[edit]

Kent[edit]

Kent Hundreds in 1832

From Kent Genealogy [12]. Kent was traditionally divided into East and West Kent, and into lathes and hundreds.

East Kent[edit]

Lathes: St. Augustine, Scraye, Shepway

plus Romney Marsh Liberty

West Kent[edit]

Lathe of Sutton at Hone

Lathe of Aylesford

plus the Lowey of Tonbridge

Lathe of Scraye (part)

Lancashire[edit]

Lancashire Hundreds in 1834

Leicestershire[edit]

Leicestershire was originally divided into wapentakes, but these were usually later described as hundreds. From the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica[7]

In the Domesday Book, West Goscote and East Goscote made up just Goscote and Sparkenhoe did not yet exist. The division which brought East and West Goscote and Sparkenhoe into existence was made in 1346.

Lincolnshire[edit]

Lincolnshire was divided into three Parts, each of which was divided into wapentakes, analogous to hundreds. From map on Lincolnshire County Council website [13]

Holland
Kesteven
Lindsey
North Riding of Lindsey
South Riding of Lindsey
West Riding of Lindsey

Middlesex[edit]

Norfolk[edit]

[9]

Northamptonshire[edit]

From the Northamptonshire Family History Society [14]

The liberty and Soke of Peterborough (now in Cambridgeshire) was sometimes called Nassaburgh hundred.

Northumberland[edit]

Northumberland was divided into wards, analogous to hundreds. From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland (1868) [15]

Nottinghamshire[edit]

Nottinghamshire Wapentakes in 1832

Nottinghamshire was divided into wapentakes, analogous to hundreds. From the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire [16]

Oxfordshire[edit]

From [10]

Outside any hundred were the areas of Oxford City & University, Oxford City and Oxford Liberty.

Rutland[edit]

Map of Rutland; by George Carrington Gray (1824)

Shropshire[edit]

Map of Shropshire; by Wenceslaus Hollar (17th century)

From GENUKI[11]

Somerset[edit]

From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland

Staffordshire[edit]

Map of Staffordshire; by Wenceslaus Hollar (17th century)

From GENUKI [17]

Suffolk[edit]

[12]

Surrey[edit]

Map of Surrey; by Wenceslaus Hollar (17th century)

There are thirteen hundreds and one half hundred:

Sussex[edit]

Sussex Hundreds in 1834

Sussex was divided into rapes, and then hundreds.

Arundel Rape[edit]

The Arundel Rape covered nearly all of what is now West Sussex until about 1250, when it was split into two rapes the Arundel Rape and the Chichester Rape.[13] In 1834 it contained five hundreds sub-divided into fifty six parishes.[14]

Bramber Rape[edit]

The Bramber Rape lies between the Rape of Arundel in the west and Lewes in the east. In 1834 it contained 40 parishes.[15]

as well as 3 half hundreds

  • East Easwrith
  • Fishersgate
  • Wyndham

Chichester Rape[edit]

The combined Chichester and Arundel Rape covered nearly all of what is now West Sussex until about 1250, when it was split into two rapes the Arundel Rape and the Chichester Rape.[13] In 1834 it contained seven hundreds and seventy-four parishes.[16]

Hastings Rape[edit]

The Rape of Hastings was on the easternmost part of Sussex, with the county of Kent to its east and the Rape of Pevensey to its west. In 1833 it had 13 hundreds giving a total of about 154,060 acres.[17]

Lewes Rape[edit]

The Rape of Lewes is bounded by the Rape of Bramber on its west and the Rape of Pevensey on its east. Although it had the same amount of hundreds in 1833 as in the Domesday survey, there had been some cases of manors and parishes been taken from one and added to another hundred, and in other cases the hundreds had been divided and lost.[18]

Pevensey Rape[edit]

The Pevensey Rape lies between the Rapes of Lewes and Hastings. In 1833 it contained 19 hundreds and 52 parishes[19]

Warwickshire[edit]

Warwickshire in 1832

Warwickshire was divided into four hundreds, with each hundred consisting of a number of divisions.

  • Barlinchway (also Barlichway)
    • Alcester
    • Henley
    • Snitterfield
    • Stratford
  • Hemlingford
    • Atherstone
    • Birmingham
    • Solihull
    • Tamworth
  • Kington (also Kineton)
    • Brailes
    • Burton Dassett
    • Kington
    • Warwick
  • Knightlow
    • Kenilworth
    • Kirby
    • Rugby
    • Southam

Westmorland[edit]

Westmorland was divided into four wards, analogous to hundreds. Pairs of wards made up the two Baronies. From Magna Britannica et Hibernia (1736) [18]

Barony of Kendal[edit]

Barony of Westmorland[edit]

Wiltshire[edit]

Domesday Hundreds[edit]

With some variations in the names, the Domesday hundreds were:

Hundreds in 1835[edit]

From GENUKI [19]

Worcestershire[edit]

Yorkshire[edit]

Yorkshire in 1832

Yorkshire has three Ridings,[22] East, North and West. Each of these was divided into wapentakes, analogous to hundreds.

The Ainsty wapentake, at time associated with either the East Riding or West Riding, came to be associated with the City of York, outside the Riding system.

The hundreds of Amourdness and Lonsdale in Lancashire plus part of Westmorland were considered as part of Yorkshire in the Domesday Book.

East Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

From GENUKI [20]

The other division of the riding was Hullshire.

North Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

West Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

From GENUKI [21]

The Cantrefi of Wales[edit]

Cantrefi of Medieval Wales

Kingdom of Gwynedd[edit]

Anglesey[edit]

The modern county of Anglesey was part of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. It is divided into three cantrefi or hundreds,[23] and these into six cymydau, or commotes; the three districts are Cemais, Aberffraw cantref, and Rhosyr cantref; the six commotes are Llyfon, Maltraeth, Menai, Talybolion, Twrcelyn, and Tyndarthwy.[24]

Gwynedd[edit]

Caernarvonshire[edit]

Caernarvonshire was created under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 following Edward I of England's conquest of the Principality of Wales and included the cantrefi of: Llŷn, Arfon, Arllechwedd and the commote of Eifionydd (the northern portion of Dunoding).[25]

The county was divided into ten hundreds based on the existing Welsh commotes: Cymydmaen (anglicised as Commitmaen), Creuddyn, Dinllaen, Eifionydd (Evionydd), Cafflogion (Gaflogion), Llechwedd Isaf (...Isav), Llechwedd Uchaf (...Uchav), Nant Conwy (Nant-Conway), Is Gwyrfai (Isgorvai) and Uwch Gwyrfai (Uchgorvai).[26][27][28] Creuddyn, a commote of Cantref Rhos in the Kingdom of Gwynedd, later came into the boundary of Caernarvonshire.[29]

Cardiganshire[edit]

When Edward I of England conquered Wales in 1282, he divided it into counties. Cardiganshire was an Anglicisation of the name for the historic kingdom of Ceredigion. It was one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales. The hundreds of Cardiganshire were Genau'r-Glyn, Ilar, Moyddyn, Penarth and Troedyraur.[30][31]

Carmarthenshire[edit]

From GENUKI [22]

Denbighshire[edit]

From Vision of Britain [23]

Flintshire[edit]

From Vision of Britain [24].

Glamorgan[edit]

From GENUKI [25]

Merionethshire[edit]

From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland [26]

Monmouthshire[edit]

From Genuki [27]. All split into Upper and Lower divisions.

Pembrokeshire[edit]

From GENUKI [28]

Powys[edit]

Brecknockshire[edit]

From GENUKI [29]

Montgomeryshire[edit]

Radnorshire[edit]

From GENUKI [30].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Webb, Sidney; Webb, Beatrice (1906). English Local Government from the Revolution to the Municipal Corporations Act: the parish and the county. London: Longmans Green and Company. pp. 284–285. 
  2. ^ "Cambridgeshire Hundreds". rootsweb. 
  3. ^ Kelly (1929). Directory of Cambridgeshire, Norfolk & Suffolk. 
  4. ^ "'South Witchford Hundred: Stretham and Thetford', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 4: City of Ely; Ely, N. and S. Witchford and Wisbech Hundreds (2002), pp. 151-159.". British History Online. 
  5. ^ "The Hundreds of Devon". GENUKI. Retrieved 2011-06-20. 
  6. ^ "Alvredesberge Hundred was broken up after 1086 and contributed Cranborne, Boveridge, Edmondsham and Pentridge to the later Cranborne Hundred; Brockington to Knowlton Hundred and Wimborne St Giles (see Book of Fees, p. 92; and 10,3 Wimborne note) to the later Wimborne Hundred", quoted from: [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ "The hundred of Isleworth", A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, (1962), Date accessed: 6 January 2008.
  9. ^ William White (1845). History, gazetteer, and directory of Norfolk. 
  10. ^ Vision of Britain website
  11. ^ [3]
  12. ^ William White (1844). History, gazetteer, and directory of Suffolk. p. 15. 
  13. ^ a b "'The rape of Chichester: Introduction', A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4 (1953) pp. 1 - 2.". Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  14. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. Volume II pp.105-184
  15. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. Volume II pp.185-274
  16. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. Volume II pp.1-104
  17. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. Volume II pp.425-592
  18. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. Volume I pp.103-268.
  19. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. Volume I pp.269-424
  20. ^ http://domesdaymap.co.uk/hundred/startley/
  21. ^ http://domesdaymap.co.uk/hundred/studfold/
  22. ^ Room, Adrian (1986). A Dictionary of True Etymologies. London: Routledge. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-415-03060-9.  - Riding is taken from the Old Norse thrithjung meaning thirdings one third of an equally important area.
  23. ^ P. B. Williams (1839). The Gwyneddion for 1832 (Essay on the Island of Anglesey by the late Rev P. B. Williams). H. Hughes. p. 1. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  24. ^ "The National Gazetteer (Anglesey)". genuki.org.uk. 1868. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  25. ^ Waters, W. H., The Making of Caernarvonshire, Caernarvonshire Historical Society Transactions, 1942-43
  26. ^ Samuel Lewis (editor) (1849). "Carnarvonshire". A Topographical Dictionary of Wales. British History Online. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  27. ^ John Bartholomew (1887). "Carnarvonshire". Gazeteer of the British Isles. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  28. ^ National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland, Caernarvonshire
  29. ^ John Britton et al (1812). The Beauties of England and Wales Volume 17. Vernor and Hood. p. 503. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  30. ^ Margaret Escott (2009). "Cardiganshire; The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1820-1832, ed. D.R. Fisher". historyofparliamentonline.org. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  31. ^ Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge (1836). The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge. Charles Knight. p. 287. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland
  33. ^ Powys-land Club (1868). Collections, historical & archaeological relating to Montgomeryshire. J Russell Smith. p. 209. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
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