Troels Frederik Lund
Troels Frederik Troels-Lund (September 5, 1840 - February 12, 1921) was a Danish historian.
He entered the University of Copenhagen in 1858. After studying theology for a while he abandoned it for the study of history. From 1870-1875 he was assistant at the Danish “Geheimarchiv.” He was also appointed historiographer-royal to the king of Denmark and Comptroller of the Order of the Dannebrog. Later, he was an instructor in history at the military school at Copenhagen. In 1888 he was made full professor of history, and produced many profound volumes mostly devoted to the subject of Scandinavian history during the sixteenth century.
Information Annual reports Troels Lund as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1915, sharing the prize with three others, however the Nobel website only lists one recipient for that year, not Lund.
In 1913 a bust of Søren Kierkegaard was proposed. When the sculptor, Rikard Magnussen, proposed the idea to Lund, then in his eighties, he didn't support the proposal, he is quoted as saying, "But didn't you know what he was like? Soren Kierkegaard was a hunchback." In the early 1900s biographers were interested in finding out what Kierkegaard was like on the outside. Kierkegaard also wrote much about Socrates.
He related different stories about Kierkegaard. One story described Kierkegaard's playfulness: “He [Kierkegaard] was an unseen witness to a conversation between two poorhouse inmates. The first said: “It’s the devil that one never is happy." The other: “Nonsense! What’s happiness?” The first: “It would be if an angel dropped down from heaven and gave me a ‘blue one.’” This Kierkegaard could not resist. Ho took a five-dollar note (a “blue one”) from his purse, stepped up, presented it with a deep bow, and disappeared without saying a word.” In 1854 he sat in on discussions between his mother, Anna Kathrine, and Kierkegaard about whether or not Mynster was a "real Christian or not", he was 16 years old at the time. He visited Kierkegaard in the hospital and was a witness to his burial.
According to Lund, Kierkegaard spent half of his fortune on publishing his own works, he refused to accept interest on his money “on Old Testament grounds”, and he also gave much of his money to the poor. Kierkegaard says the same: "I almost never made a visit, and at home the rule was strictly observed to receive no one except the poor who came to seek help."
Lund's first work, which appeared in 1871, an erudite biography of Socrates, gave him a great reputation among continental scholars. His next important work, Historiske Skitser, did not appear until 1876, but after that time his activity was stupendous. In 1879 the first volume of his Danmarks og Norges Historie i Slutningen of det Xvi. Aarhundrede, a history of daily life in Denmark and Norway at the close of the 16th century, was published. His work said little about kings, armies and governments, but instead concentrated attention on the lives of the ordinary men and women of the age with which he deals. He used these common people to illustrate a vast body of documents previously neglected by the official historians.
- Paa Vandring, 1867 (under pseudonym Poul Vedel)
- Historiske Skitser - Efter utrykte Kilder, 1876
- Mogens Heinesøn - Et tidsbillede fra det 16 Aarhundrede, 1877
- Dagligt Liv i Norden i det sekstende Aarhundrede I-XIV, 1879-1901 (First edition under title Danmark og Norges Historie i Slutningen af det 16de Aarhundrede — “History of Denmark and Norway to the End of the Sixteenth Century”)
- Om Danmarks Forsvar, 1880
- Preussens fald og Genoprejsning, 1883
- Om Danmarks Neutralitet, 1886
- Christian den Fjerdes Skib paa Skanderborg Sø I-II, 1893
- Livsbelysning, 1899
- Sundhedsbegreber i Norden i det 16de Aarhundrede, 1900
- Peder Oxe, 1906
- De tre Nordiske Brødrefolk, 1906
- Nye Tanker i det 16de Aarhundrede, 1909
- Historiske Fortællinger - Tider og Tanker I-IV, 1910–1912
- Bakkehus og Solbjerg - Træk af et nyt Livssyns Udvikling i Norden I-III, 1920–1922
- Et Liv - Barndom og Ungdom, 1924
- Kierkegaard: a biography By Alastair Hannay, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 404
- Historical Dictionary of Kierkegaard's Philosophy, Julia Watkin, Scarecrow Press, 2001 p. 157
- Information Quarterly, Volume 1 R.R. Bowker, 1915 January 1916 p. 10
- "Nobel Prizes". Information Annual (R.R. Bowker Co): 426. 1916.
- Kierkegaard The Cripple, by Theodor Haecker, Introduction p. v-xi
- see Philosophical Fragments, A Project of Thought http://www.religion-online.org/showchapter.asp?title=2512&C=2379
- Kierkegaard, Josiah Thompson p. 133-134
- Kierkegaard, Josiah Thompson p. 220-221
- Kierkegaard, Josiah Thompson p. 231-232
- Kierkegaard, Josiah Thompson p. 235-238, Soren Kierkegaard, Johannes Hohlenberg p. 266ff
- Kierkegaard, Josiah Thompson p. 127
- Point of View, Lowrie, p. 50
- Chisholm 1911.
- Kierkegaard The Cripple, by Theodor Haecker, translated by C. Vasn O. Bruyn, With and Introduction by A. Dru, Published 1950 by the Philosophical Library Inc.
- Soren Kierkegaard, A Biography, by Johannes Hohlenberg, Translated by T.H. Croxall, Pantheon Books 1954
- Kierkegaard, by Josiah Thompson, Alfred A. Knopf, 1973
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lund, Troels Frederik". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Lund, Troels Frederik". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- Works of Troels-Lund from Archive.org, all in Danish.