Trogonoptera brookiana

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Raja Brooke's Birdwing
Trogonoptera brookiana 0588.JPG
Adult male (above) and female ventral surfaces
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Trogonoptera
Species: T. brookiana
Binomial name
Trogonoptera brookiana
Wallace, 1855
Synonyms
  • Troides brookiana

Rajah Brooke's Birdwing (Trogonoptera brookiana) is a distinctive black and electric-green birdwing butterfly from the rainforests in the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Natuna, Sumatra, and various small islands west of Sumatra (Banyak, Simeulue, Batu and Mentawai).[1][2] The butterfly was named by the naturalist Alfred R. Wallace in 1855, after James Brooke, the Rajah of Sarawak.[2]

The larval host plants are Aristolochia acuminata and A. foveolata.[3] Adults sip flower nectar from plants such as Bauhinia.[2]

Rajah Brooke's Birdwing is a protected species, listed under Appendix II of CITES,[3][4] meaning that international export is restricted to those who have been granted a permit.

It is the national butterfly of Malaysia.[5]

Description[edit]

Both sexes resemble the more restricted relative, the Palawan Birdwing, but males of Rajah Brooke's Birdwing have more green to the rear wings. The wingspan of Rajah Brooke's Birdwing is 15–17 cm (5.9–6.7 in).[3]

The wings of males are mainly black. Each forewing has seven teeth-shaped electric-green markings, while there is a relatively large electric-green patch on the hindwings. The head is bright red and the body is black with red markings. The wings of females are browner with prominent white flashes at the tips of the forewings and at the base of the hindwings.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

genus: Trogonoptera Rippon, 1890

  • Trogonoptera brookiana Wallace, 1855
Trogonoptera brookiana brookiana (Wallace, 1855)
Trogonoptera brookiana brookiana f. brookiana Wallace, 1855
Trogonoptera brookiana brookiana f. julijae S.Hu, 2007
Trogonoptera brookiana toshikii Kobayashi, 1991
Trogonoptera brookiana akikoa Morita, 1994

Illustrations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The World of Birdwing Butterflies. Trogonoptera brookiana. Accessed 20 May 2012
  2. ^ a b c ARKive Rajah Brooke’s birdwing. Accessed 20 May 2012
  3. ^ a b c d Butterfly Corner. Trogonoptera brookiana (Raja Brooke's Birdwing). Accessed 20 May 2012
  4. ^ CITES (3 April 2012) Appendices. Accessed
  5. ^ Butterflies of Malaysia. Accessed 20 May 2012
  • Goh, D. 1994. Life history of Trogonoptera brookiana albescens in Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Tropical Leidoptera 5(1): 1-5. pdf