Trois-Pistoles, Quebec

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Trois-Pistoles
City
Trois-Pistoles.JPG
Location within Les Basques RCM.
Location within Les Basques RCM.
Trois-Pistoles is located in Eastern Quebec
Trois-Pistoles
Trois-Pistoles
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°07′N 69°11′W / 48.117°N 69.183°W / 48.117; -69.183Coordinates: 48°07′N 69°11′W / 48.117°N 69.183°W / 48.117; -69.183[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Bas-Saint-Laurent
RCM Les Basques
Constituted March 9, 1916
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jean-Pierre Rioux
 • Federal riding Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata
—Les Basques
 • Prov. riding Rivière-du-Loup-Témiscouata
Area[2][3]
 • Total 9.60 km2 (3.71 sq mi)
 • Land 7.66 km2 (2.96 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,456
 • Density 450.9/km2 (1,168/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 1.3%
 • Dwellings 1,757
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0L 4K0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Route 293
Website www.ville-trois-pistoles.ca

Trois-Pistoles is a city in Les Basques Regional County Municipality in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region of Quebec. It is also the county seat. The town is located on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

A ferry crosses the river to Les Escoumins on the north shore. The port facilities are also used by fishing boats and scuba divers.

The town is the site of the University of Western Ontario's annual French immersion program, which has existed since 1932. It is the oldest such program in Canada.

Just offshore of the town lies Île aux Basques, an island that was used by Basque whalers in the sixteenth century. The island is a National Historic Site of Canada and is now a migratory bird sanctuary.[4]

The town has hosted the Festival Échofête de Trois-Pistoles, an environmentalism-themed music festival and fair each July since 2002. It is Quebec's largest environmental festival.[5][6]

Origin of the name[edit]

The town is said to have been named for a silver goblet worth three pistoles, an old French coin, that was lost in the river in the 17th century.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Trois-Pistoles, Quebec[9]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 3,886 —    
1996 3,807 −2.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 3,635 −4.5%
2006 3,500 −3.7%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 3,456 −1.3%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Trois-Pistoles, Quebec[9]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
3,395
3,375 Increase 5.3% 99.41% 15 Increase n/a% 0.44% 5 Increase n/a% 0.15% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00%
2006
3,250
3,195 Decrease 6.2% 98.31% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 55 Increase n/a% 1.69%
2001
3,430
3,405 Decrease 3.7% 99.27% 25 Decrease 28.6% 0.73% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
1996
3,580
3,535 n/a 98.74% 35 n/a 0.98% 10 n/a 0.28% 0 n/a 0.00%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Trois-Pistoles
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12
(54)
11
(52)
17.8
(64)
27
(81)
31.7
(89.1)
32
(90)
35
(95)
33.9
(93)
31
(88)
23.3
(73.9)
21
(70)
15
(59)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) −8
(18)
−6.4
(20.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.4
(43.5)
14.3
(57.7)
20.2
(68.4)
23
(73)
21.4
(70.5)
16
(61)
9.4
(48.9)
2.4
(36.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
7.8
(46)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12
(10)
−10.1
(13.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
2.5
(36.5)
9.3
(48.7)
15
(59)
17.7
(63.9)
16.5
(61.7)
11.6
(52.9)
5.9
(42.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−13.9
(7)
−8.1
(17.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.2
(39.6)
9.7
(49.5)
12.5
(54.5)
11.5
(52.7)
7.2
(45)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
Record low °C (°F) −34.4
(−29.9)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−18
(0)
−7.2
(19)
0
(32)
3.3
(37.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27)
−7.8
(18)
−18
(0)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 83.9
(3.303)
67.8
(2.669)
77.3
(3.043)
73.9
(2.909)
88.3
(3.476)
84.2
(3.315)
93.3
(3.673)
87.6
(3.449)
90.5
(3.563)
92.5
(3.642)
78.3
(3.083)
87.6
(3.449)
1,005.3
(39.579)
Source: Environment Canada[10]

Media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]