A troll doll, also known as a Dam doll, is a type of plastic doll with furry hair depicting a troll. They were originally created in 1959 by Danish woodcutter Thomas Dam. They became one of the United States' biggest toy fads in the early 1960s. They became fads again in brief periods from the 1970s through the 1990s and were copied by several manufacturers under different names. During the 1990s several video games and a video show based on troll dolls were created. In 2003 the Dam company restored their United States copyrights, stopping unlicensed production. In 2005 the brand was modernized under the name Trollz, but it failed in the marketplace.
Troll dolls were originally created in 1959 by Danish fisherman and woodcutter Thomas Dam. Dam could not afford a Christmas gift for his young daughter Lila and carved the doll from his imagination. When other children in the Danish town of Gjøl saw the troll doll, they wanted one as well. Dam's company Dam Things began producing the dolls in plastic under the name Good Luck Trolls. The dolls became popular in several European countries during the early 1960s, shortly before they were introduced in the United States. They became one of the United States' biggest toy fads from the autumn of 1963 through 1965. The originals, also called Dam dolls, were of the highest quality, featuring sheep wool hair and glass eyes. Their sudden popularity, along with an error in the copyright notice of Thomas Dam's original product, resulted in cheaper imitations and knock-offs which flooded the North American shelves.
The Dam company never stopped making the trolls in Europe, where they were always a popular item. In the late 1980s the Dam trolls started making another come back in North America. The E.F.S. Marketing Associates, Inc (located in Farmingdale, New York) was one of the few corporations which was granted permission to import and market the Thomas Dam trolls for re-sale in the United States. These Dam Trolls were marketed under the trade name of Norfin (R) Trolls, with the Adopt A Norfin Troll logo on the tags.
During the period of popularity in the early-mid 1990s, several attempts were made to market the troll doll concept to young boys. This included action figure lines such as The Original Battle Trolls from Hasbro, the Stone Protectors franchise, and even Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle Trolls. The popular Mighty Max line also had a series named Hairy Heads, also known as Dread Heads. Success at these endeavors was marginal at best.
A platform video game, simply titled Trolls, was released in 1993 for Amiga, DOS and C64. Other games were released for the NES and SNES (Super Troll Islands). This fad capitalization also saw a 1994 re-release of the game Dudes with Attitude simply modified into Trolls on Treasure Island.
The 1990s troll doll fad also included The Trollies Radio Show, which was a direct-to-video musical with trolls singing hits, such as "Kokomo," "Woolly Bully," and "Doo Wah Diddy," as well as some original songs.
It was not until 2003 that a Congressional law allowed the Dam family of Denmark to restore their original U.S. copyright and become the only official manufacturer once again. A division of Uneeda, a company that made millions of dollars various times by manufacturing troll dolls in the U.S., challenged the restoration of that copyright in court. They lost when the court ruled that the Dam Company was the sole owner.
In 2005, the troll brand was licensed to DIC Entertainment and modernized in an animated series called Trollz. It stars five trolls who live in a world of ogres, gnomes, dragons, and a bit of magic, but who have the same problems as teens everywhere: boyfriends, pimples, clothes, money, school, and figuring out what it means to grow Trollish. Products like fashion dolls and fashion accessories were also sold under the Trollz name. The new Trollz campaign made no impact in the aisles of toy stores and on USA's children. It was soon dropped. In 2007, the Danish company filed a lawsuit against DIC Entertainment claiming that the company financially misrepresented its ability to create and market a modern troll doll toy campaign and destroyed the image and goodwill of the doll.
Many people collect trolls; the originals maintain the highest value. Some collectors have thousands of troll dolls, ranging in size from miniature gumball machine prizes and pencil toppers to dolls over one foot tall.
On April 11, 2013, DreamWorks Animation announced that it has acquired the intellectual property for the Trolls franchise from the Dam Family and Dam Things. DreamWorks Animation, which has "big plans for the franchise," has become the exclusive worldwide licensor of the merchandise rights, except for Scandinavia, where Dam Things remains the licensor.
On June 22, 2010, DreamWorks Animation announced plans to create a film based on the toys, under the direction of Tim Hill. The brother–sister writing team of Adam Wilson and Melanie Wilson LaBracio will write the screenplay, and Dannie Festa of Festa Entertainment will executive produce. In June 2012, it was reported that Chloë Grace Moretz will voice the female lead, while the role of the male lead, Masklin, had been offered to Jason Schwartzman. In September 2012, 20th Century Fox and DreamWorks Animation announced that the film with the working title Trolls is scheduled to be released on June 5, 2015. It is being directed by Anand Tucker, produced by Gina Shay, and written by Wallace Wollodarsky and Maya Forbes. Moretz and Schwartzman have also been confirmed to lend their voices. Peter Ramsey, the director of Rise of the Guardians, said that Trolls is partially based on a Terry Pratchett novel.
In popular culture 
The trolls are seen in the films:
- 1991's Whore
- 1995's Tank Girl
- 1997's The Beautician and the Beast features Joy Miller, an avid troll lover and beautician who is interested in making new hair for her trolls.
- 1998's 54
- 2000's Snow Day
- 2003's The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
- 2006's Over the Hedge
- 2010's Toy Story 3 A troll doll is featured in the Toy Story movies but neither talks nor plays a significant role because of questions at the time regarding the doll's "public domain" status, which would eventually return ownership by the Dam family.
- 2012's Dark Shadows
- One of The Borrowers adaptations
They are also seen in episodes of various television series, such as:
- 1964-1969: Gomer Pyle, USMC
- The Simpsons episodes "Flaming Moe's" (1991), "Bart's Girlfriend" (1994) and "I Am Furious Yellow" (2002)
- 1991-1998: Step by Step
- 1993-1998: On the sitcom Living Single the character Synclaire James is an avid collector of troll dolls.
- 1993-1999: The Nanny
- 1994-2004: Friends
- 1995-2004: The fan base of trolls has been acknowledged and prominently featured on the TV sitcom The Drew Carey Show, in which one of the characters, Drew's nemesis Mimi, collects them and keeps them on her desk at work.
- 1996-2007: 7th Heaven
- 1997-2010: King of the Hill
- 1998-2007: The King of Queens
- February 14, 2002: Family Guy (Peter transforms into one in segment two of "Family Guy Viewer Mail#1")
- August 27, 2002: They are mentioned on Jimmy Fallon's album, The Bathroom Wall.
- 2005–present: The Office.
- July 8, 2011: The Annoying Orange episode Trollin has three dolls
- May 8, 2013 : "My Crazy Obsession" episode "Troll Takeover & Stuffing Animals" features a woman who has a collection of over 3,000 trolls.
- "www.goodlucktrolls.com". www.goodlucktrolls.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2009.
- BNA's patent, trademark & copyright journal Bureau of National Affairs (Arlington, Va.) - 2002 "In the 1950s, Danish woodcarver Thomas Dam created a plastic mold to form a doll that he began producing as the “Good Luck Trolls.” Dam's company, Dam Things from Denmark, holds valid Danish copyrights in the trolls"
- Super Trolls Syndication
- Trolls 1993 Computer game at MobyGames
- Troll Company v. Uneeda Doll Company, 483 F.3d 150 (2d Cir. April 13, 2007). Retrieved October 25, 2011.
- "Toy Industry Association Announces Its Century of Toys List." Business Wire, 21 January 2003.. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- "Lawsuit Charges Fraud In Deals for Iconic Troll Doll; DIC Entertainment ``Cynically Concealed´´ Financial Woes - 31/10/07 - 305539". elEconomista.es. 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- "DreamWorks Animation Acquires IP For Trolls With Plans To Take Iconic Dolls' Brand (And Hair) To New Heights". DreamWorks Animation. April 11, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Kilday, Gregg (2010-06-22). "DreamWorks plans Good Luck Trolls movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Fleming, Mike (June 20, 2012). "Jason Schwartzman In ‘Trolls’ Mode?". Deadline. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- DreamWorks Animation (September 9, 2012). "New Distributor Twentieth Century Fox Unveils DreamWorks Animation's Release Slate Through 2016". DreamWorks Animation. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
- Weintraub, Steve (November 20, 2012). "Director Peter Ramsey Talks RISE OF THE GUARDIANS, Roger Deakins, HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON 2, Working with David Fincher on FIGHT CLUB, and More". Collider.com. Retrieved November 21, 2012.