Trolleybuses in Chișinău

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Chișinău trolleybus system
Chisinau trolleybus.jpg
Škoda 14Tr on the Piața Marii Adunări Naționale
Operation
Locale Chișinău, Moldova
Open 1949 (1949)
Status Open
Routes 22
Operator(s) Regia Transport Electric Chișinău (RTEC)
Infrastructure
Electrification 600 V DC
Statistics
Route length 246 km (153 mi)
Overview
Chisinau trolleybus network map, 2013.
Website RTEC (Romanian)

The Chișinău trolleybus system forms an important part of the public transport network in Chișinău, the capital of the Republic of Moldova. The system was created shortly after the end of the World War II to replace the old electric tram system that suffered extensive damages during the war.[1] Along with the network of minibuses known as rutieras, it forms the backbone of the Chișinău transport system, with the average daily ridership reaching 250 000 passengers per day.[2][3]

History[edit]

The history of the trolleybus network in Chișinău goes back to 1949 when the city council took the decision to introduce it as a substitute for the tram network that was heavily damaged during the World War II and could only be rebuilt to a limited extent. The first line connecting the Chişinău Railway Station with the University of Medicine ran along the Stephen the Great boulevard, where the former tram tracks were removed, and was served by six MTB-82D units. In 1959 the tram depot was transferred to serve the trolleybus system that comprised over 50 units at that time, and by 1961 trolleybuses had completely replaced the trams. The second and the third depots were introduced into service in 1966 and 1986, respectively.[1]

Lines[edit]

The trolleybus network consists of 22 lines covering all the city districts and the suburb of Durlești.[4]

Line Route
01 str. Bariera Sculeni – str. Sarmizegetusa Treno connection with Chisinau railway station
02 bd. Traian – str. Pușkin circular route
03 șos. Balcani – str. Miorița
04 Grădina Botanică – str. Zelinski Treno connection with Chisinau railway station
05 Trolleybus depot 2 – parcul "La izvor" Treno connection with Chisinau railway station
07 A.B.A.-4 – str. 31 August 1989
08 bd. Traian – parcul "Alunelul" Treno connection with Chisinau railway station
09 Schinoasa-2 – Autogara Nord Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg connection with Autogara Nord (North bus station)

Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg connection with Autogara Sud (South bus station)

10 str. Studenților – str. Miorița
13 str. Ion Dumeniuc – str. Dokuceaev Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg connection with Autogara Nord (North bus station)
14 str. Studenților – șos. Balcani
16 Uzina de frigidere – str. 31 August 1989
17 Schinoasa 1 – Gara Treno connection with Chisinau railway station

Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg connection with Autogara Sud (South bus station)

20 Trolleybus depot 2 – str. Dokuceaev Treno connection with Chisinau railway station

Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg connection with Autogara Nord (North bus station)

21 Uzina de frigidere – șos. Balcani
22 șos. Balcani – Grădina Botanică
23 str. Ion Dumeniuc – parcul "La izvor"
24 str. Ion Dumeniuc – str. Mateevici
25 Școala nr. 4 – str. 31 August 1989
26 Școala nr. 4 – str. Ion Dumeniuc
28 or. Durlești – bd. Gagarin Treno connection with Chisinau railway station
29 Universitatea Agrarăparcul "Ștefan cel Mare"

Fleet[edit]

AKSM-321 operating on the route 22.

The fleet consists mainly of the various modification of the Soviet-built ZiU-9 and the recently purchased low-floor vehicles AKSM-321 manufactured by Belkommunmash in Belarus (Chișinău is the third largest user of this model, after Minsk and Moscow). In addition, the network also operates a number of the Czech-produced Škoda 14Tr (popular with the drivers) and Ukrainian-built YuMZ-T2.[5]

Model Quantity
ZiU-9 150
AKSM-321 112
Škoda 14Tr 37
YuMZ-T2 20
ZiU-10 7
YuMZ-T1 4
VMZ-5298 3
AKSM-213 2
AKSM-32102 1
ZiU-682G-016 1

Payment system[edit]

Every vehicle has a fare collector who sells single-ride tickets valid for this particular ride only. Alternatively, once can purchase a monthly ticket, valid for a calendar month. A single-ride ticket costs 2 MDL, and the price of the monthly pass is 180 MDL.

References[edit]

External links[edit]