Trolleybuses in Tehran
|Tehran trolleybus system|
|Trolleybuses in Imam Hossein Square: northeast depot vehicle in front, south depot vehicle behind.|
|Open||14 September 1992|
|Stock||65 Škoda 15Tr
1 Volvo B10M
|Route length||13.9 km (8.6 mi)|
|Website||United Bus Company of Tehran (Persian)|
The system commenced operations on 14 September 1992.
The two routes running northeastwards, lines 1 and 2, operate almost entirely in a segregated busway located in the middle of the wide carriageway (along Damavand Khiyaban), stopping only at purpose-built stops located about every 500 metres, effectively making these routes trolleybus-BRT (but they are not called such).
Line 1 is the primary northeastern route, and is 6.9 km (4.3 mi) long. Line 2 is an express line following the same route, but serving fewer stops. Both lines terminate at Terminal-e-Sharq.
The other three trolleybus routes, lines 3, 4 and 5, run south from Meydan-e-Emam-Hoseyn along Hefdah-e-Shahrivar (Shahrivar Street) and operate in mixed-traffic. Both route sections are served both by limited-stop services and local (making all stops) services.
Line 3 terminates at Meydan-e-Chorasan, and line 4 continues further south, to Bozorgrah-e-Be'sat. Line 5 branches off Hefdah-e-Shahrivar along Khiaban-e Shush (Shush Street), and terminated initially at Meydan-e-Shush (Shush Square), which is the location of Shush Metro Station on metro line 1.
The Škodas were built in the then Czechoslovakia in 1991 (fleet numbers 794-828) and 1992 (fleet numbers 921 to 950).
Tehran's trolleybuses are allocated to one of two different depots; the two groups of vehicles can be distinguished by their liveries.
The trolleybuses used on lines 1 and 2 have a green-yellow-white livery and are based at the northeastern depot, at Terminal-e-Sharq.
Those operating lines 3, 4 and 5 are liveried blue and white (in some cases with yellow highlights) and are allocated to the southern depot, near Bozorgrah-e-Be'sat.
- Murray, Alan (2000). World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia, pp. 57 and 99. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. ISBN 0-904235-18-1.
- "Trolleybus city: Teheran (Iran)". Trolleymotion. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 265 (January–February 2006), pp. 16–17. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 298 (July–August 2011), pp. 89–90. National Trolleybus Association (UK).
Media related to Trolleybuses in Tehran at Wikimedia Commons
- Trolleybus city: Teheran (Iran) at Trolleymotion (English)
- Tehran database / photo gallery and Tehran trolleybus list at Urban Electric Transit – in various languages, including English.