|Tromsø Airport, Langnes
Tromsø lufthavn, Langnes
|IATA: TOS – ICAO: ENTC|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||10 m / 32 ft|
Tromsø Airport, Langnes (Norwegian: Tromsø lufthavn, Langnes; IATA: TOS, ICAO: ENTC) is situated at Langnes, on the western side of the island of Tromsøya in Tromsø, 1.7 nautical miles (3.1 km; 2.0 mi) northwest of the city centre, which is on the eastern side of the island. It is the busiest airport in Northern Norway, serving 1,828,393 passengers in 2013.
The airport serves Tromsø, as well as northern and central parts of Troms county. It is an important hub for flights to many airports in Finnmark, though most passengers travel to and from Oslo. Most scheduled flights are domestic, including flights to Longyearbyen, though a few international destinations are also served, such as Arkhangelsk, Murmansk and London. Additionally, charter operators fly to some destinations in Southern Europe and the Canary Islands.
The first airport in Tromsø was a water aerodrome located at Skattøra, located in the then separate municipality of Tromsøysund. It was established in the 1930s and was at first served by Norwegian Air Lines (DNL). During World War II it was taken over by the Luftwaffe and the aerodrome was expanded. A new seaplane route was established by DNL in 1946 with a daily service to Trondheim using a Junkers Ju 52, which after a few months was extended northwards to Kirkenes.
Operation of the water aerodrome was taken over from the Royal Norwegian Air Force by the municipalities of Tromsø and Tromsøysund. They built a new wharf and a terminal building and operated it as a joint venture on a per capita basis. From 1947 the larger and faster Short Sandringham flying boat was introduced on the route and a direct service to Oslo was introduced, allowing a travel time of eight hours. The Sandringhams would all be written off in accidents. With the opening of Bodø Airport in 1952 the Ju 52 was again put into service. This lasted until 1956, when Bardufoss Airport opened and passengers from Tromsø were transported there by bus. In 1958 there were 6,825 Tromsø-bound passengers.
The Civil Airport Administration stated in 1950 that Tromsø, as Northern Norway's largest town, should have an airfield. Parliament's Standing Committee on Transport and Communications decided in 1953 that a new airport should be built at Langnes. Local politicians feared that Bardufoss would remain a permanent solution for Troms. A meeting in the chamber of commerce on 27 January 1955 resulted in a committee being established to lobby for an airfield. This was followed up with the municipality borrowing 350,000 Norwegian krone to expropriate the area. Initial plans for Langnes were for a 1,400-meter (4,600 ft) runway; this would not allow the largest aircraft to land. Local politicians therefore started lobbying national politicians for 1,600 meters (5,200 ft). After this had been passed, a new lobby campaign was established for a 2,000 meters (6,600 ft) runway, which was chosen. Construction started in 1961.
The airport was opened on 14 September 1964. It was initially served by Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) using Sud Aviation Caravelle jets. Tromsø became the basis for the Finnmark routes, with SAS' routes to Finnmark making intermediate stops in Tromsø. The airport was also the basis for flights to Longyearbyen. The airport was later expanded. It became the main airport for Troms. The airport served 20,177 passengers in 1965. During the 1970s a network of regional airports was built in Vesterålen and Finnmark which fed passengers to Tromsø Airport. In 1975 the airport had 214,135 passengers and 564,540 in 1990.
The original terminal was replaced by a newer building, shaped like a semicircle, in 1977. The current terminal was built in 1998 as part of a comprehensive expansion and modernisation of the airport; it included a new control tower and, for the first time, passenger jet bridges at several gates. Part of the road leading to the airport was re-routed in a tunnel under the runway. Some portions of the older terminal buildings are still in use.
Airlines and destinations
There are also some seasonal charter flights to the Mediterranean operated from Tromsø Airport. There are also charter flights which serve cruise participants from Europe to Tromsø for shipping an tourism companies.
|West Air Sweden
for Norway Post
|Harstad/Narvik, Bodø, Oslo-Gardermoen, Longyearbyen|
Airport buses linking the airport with the rest of the city are synchronized with SAS flights. City buses stop at the fork near the airport. Taxis are available.
- "ENTC – Tromsø/Langnes" (PDF). AIP Norge/Norway. Avinor. 8 March 2012. AD 2 ENTC. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
- "Passenger statistics from Avinor" (xls). Avinor. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "Aircraft Movement statistics from Avinor" (xls). Avinor. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "Cargo statistics from Avinor" (xls). Avinor. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Ytreberg: 687
- Tjelmeland: 143
- Tjelmeland: 145
- Tjelmeland: 146
- Ytreberg: 688
- Ytreberg: 729
- Tjelmeland, Halvard (1996). Tromsø gjennom 10000 år: Fra byfolk og bona til tromsøværing 1945–1996 (in Norwegian) 4. Tromsø: Tromsø Municipality. ISBN 82-993206-5-8.
- Ytreberg, N. A. (1971). Tromsø bys historie (in Norwegian) 3. Tromsø: Reidar Hov.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tromsø Airport.|
- Avinor entry for Tromsø Airport, Langnes
- Avinor entry for Tromsø lufthavn, Langnes (Norwegian) (more detail)
- ENTC – TROMSØ. AIP and charts from Avinor.
- Aeronautical chart for ENTC at SkyVector
- Accident history for TOS at Aviation Safety Network