Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis

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Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis
Compilation album by Various artists
Released July 1968[1]
Genre Tropicália, MPB
Length 38:38
Label Philips
Producer Manuel Barenbein
Caetano Veloso chronology
Caetano Veloso
Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis
Caetano Veloso
Gilberto Gil chronology
Gilberto Gil
Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis
Gilberto Gil
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars [2]

Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (Latin for Bread and Circuses) is a 1968 collaboration album by artists including Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Tom Zé, Os Mutantes and Gal Costa. Considered an important record in the history of Brazilian music, it features arrangements by Rogerio Duprat and lyrical contributions from Torquato Neto.[3]


The main contributors can be seen on the album cover, which is intended to be a tribute to influential Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Seated on the floor, Gilberto Gil holds the graduation photo of Capinan. To the left, drinking something in a chamber pot, is Rogério Duprat. To the right, Gal Costa, wearing a yellow dress, is beside Torquato Neto, with a cap. Caetano Veloso is to the left of them, holding a picture of Nara Leão. Behind them are Tom Zé, on the right, and Os Mutantes, on the left (more precisely, from left to right, Arnaldo Baptista, Rita Lee and Sérgio Dias).


It is considered to be the manifesto of the Tropicalismo movement. It is number 2 on Rolling Stone's list of 100 greatest Brazilian albums of all time.[4] The song "Baby" and the title track were voted by the Brazilian edition of Rolling Stone, respectively, as the 30th[5] and the 7th greatest Brazilian songs.[6]

Track listing[edit]

# Title Songwriters Performer Length
1. "Miserere nóbis" Gilberto Gil, José Carlos Capinam Gilberto Gil 3:44
2. "Coração materno" Vicente Celestino Caetano Veloso 4:17
3. "Panis et circencis" Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso Os Mutantes 3:35
4. "Lindonéia" Caetano Veloso Nara Leão 2:14
5. "Parque industrial" Tom Zé Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa, Tom Zé, Os Mutantes 3:16
6. "Geléia geral" Gilberto Gil, Torquato Neto Gilberto Gil 3:42
7. "Baby" Caetano Veloso Gal Costa, Caetano Veloso 3:31
8. "Três caravelas (Las Tres Carabelas)" Augusto Algueró e Moreu (Portuguese version: João de Barro) Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil 3:06
9. "Enquanto seu lobo não vem" Caetano Veloso Caetano Veloso 2:31
10. "Mamãe, coragem" Caetano Veloso, Torquato Neto Gal Costa 2:30
11. "Bat macumba" Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso Gilberto Gil 2:33
12. "Hino ao Senhor do Bonfim" Artur de Sales, João Antonio Wanderley Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Gal Costa, Os Mutantes 3:39



  1. ^ "Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis". Rate Your Music. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis at AllMusic
  3. ^ Allmusic review
  4. ^ "Os 100 maiores discos da Música Brasileira". Rolling Stone (in Portuguese) 13: 111. October 2007. 
  5. ^ Espírito Santo, José Julio do (2009). "As 100 Maiores Músicas Brasileiras - "Baby"". Rolling Stone Brasil (in Portuguese). Spring. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Terron, Paulo (2009). "As 100 Maiores Músicas Brasileiras - "Panis et Circencis"". Rolling Stone Brasil (in Portuguese). Spring. Retrieved 6 January 2014.