Tropical medicine (also sometimes called International medicine) is the branch of medicine that deals with health problems that occur uniquely, are more widespread, or prove more difficult to control in tropical and subtropical regions.
Many infections and infestations that are classified as "tropical diseases" used to be endemic in countries located in temperate or even cold areas. This includes widespread epidemics such as malaria and hookworm infections as well as exceedingly rare diseases like lagochilascaris minor. Many of these diseases have been controlled or even eliminated from developed countries, as a result of improvements in housing, diet, sanitation, and personal hygiene. Since climate is not the main reason why those infections remain endemic in tropical areas, there is a trend towards renaming this speciality as "Geographic Medicine" or "Third World Medicine."
The training in Tropical Medicine is quite different between countries. Most physicians are trained at Institutes of Tropical Medicine. For example, the training of Dutch tropical doctors consists of two clinical years (Obstetrics & Gynecology, Paediatrics or General Surgery) and a three months course at the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in Amsterdam.
Recently, the government of Bangladesh established the Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases in the port city of Chittagong.
- Jonathan Kaplan. The dressing station, a surgeon's odyssey. Picador, London, 2001.
- Deborah J. Neill, Networks in Tropical Medicine: Internationalism, Colonialism, and the Rise of a Medical Specialty, 1890-1930 (Stanford University Press; 2012) 320 pages; shows how the emerging field was shaped by physicians' and scientists' collaborating during a major epidemic of sleeping sickness in sub-Saharan Africa
- Anne Spoerry. Mama Daktari. The house of books, Vianen, 2000.
- American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH)
- Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine
- Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine
- Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine
- Disaster medicine
- Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
- Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
- London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
- Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine - Antwerp, Belgium
- Research Institute for Tropical Medicine - Philippines
- Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
- The Australasian College of Tropical Medicine
- Walter Reed Tropical Medicine Course - Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
- Travel medicine
- Tropical Nursing