According to ideas developed by the Church Fathers, the literal meaning, or God-intended meaning of the words of the Bible, may be either figurative or non-figurative; for instance, in the Song of Songs (also called Canticles or Song of Solomon), the inspired meaning is always figurative. The typical meaning is the inspired meaning of words referring to persons, things, and actions of the Old Testament which are inspired types of persons, things, and actions of the New Testament.
- Trope (linguistics)
- Biblical hermeneutics
- Allegorical interpretation
- Historical-grammatical method
- Henri de Lubac, Medieval Exegesis vol. 2, The Four Senses of Scripture (2000 translation), Chapter 6.