Troy, New York
||This article's introduction may be too long for its overall length. (July 2011)|
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|— City —|
|City of Troy|
|Hudson River, 2009|
|Nickname(s): Collar City|
|Motto: Ilium fuit, Troja est (Latin for "Ilium was, Troy is" also translated as "Troy was, Troy is")|
|Rensselaer County and New York|
|Founder||Van Der Heyeden and Lansing families|
|Named for||Classical Troy|
|• Mayor||Lou Rosamilia (D)|
|• City Council|
|• Total||11 sq mi (30 km2)|
|• Land||10.4 sq mi (27 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (2 km2) 5.45%|
|Highest elevation||500 ft (200 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Estimate (2010)||50,129|
|• Density||4,470/sq mi (1,730/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0967902|
Troy is a city in the US State of New York and the seat of Rensselaer County. Troy is located on the western edge of Rensselaer County and on the eastern bank of the Hudson River. Troy has close ties to the nearby cities of Albany and Schenectady, forming a region popularly called the Capital District. The city is one of the three major centers for the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which has a population of 850,957. At the 2010 census, the population of Troy was 50,129. Troy's motto is Ilium fuit, Troja est, which means "Ilium was, Troy is".
Before European arrival, the area was settled by the Mahican Indian tribe. There were at least two settlements within today's city limits, Panhooseck and Paanpack. The Dutch began settling in the mid 17th century; the patroon Kiliaen van Rensselaer called the area Pafraets Dael, after his mother. Control of New York passed to the English in 1664 and in 1707 Derick Van der Heyden purchased a farm near today's downtown area. In 1771 Abraham Lansing had his farm in today's Lansingburgh laid out into lots. Responding to Lansing's success to the north, in 1787, Van der Heyden's grandson Jacob had his extensive holdings surveyed and laid out into lots as well, calling the new village Vanderheyden.
In 1789, Troy got its current name after a vote of the people. In 1791, Troy was incorporated as a town and extended east across the county to the Vermont line and included Petersburgh. In 1796 Troy became a village and in 1816 it became a city. Lansingburgh, to the north, was still a separate village, the first to have ever been incorporated in the State. Lansingburgh became part of Troy in 1900, though it maintained a very separate identity and still does to this day.
Troy is known as the Collar City due to its history in shirt, collar, and other textile production. At one point Troy was also the second largest producer of iron in the country, surpassed only by the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Rensselaer School, which later became Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, was founded in 1824 with funding from Stephen Van Rensselaer, a descendant of the founding patroon, Kiliaen. In 1821, Emma Willard founded the Troy Female Seminary on 2nd Street, which moved to its current location on Pawling Avenue in 1910. It was renamed Emma Willard School in 1895. The former Female Seminary was later reopened (1916) as Russell Sage College, thanks to funding from Olivia Slocum Sage, the widow of financier and Congressman Russell Sage. All of these institutions still exist today.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Mohican Indians had a number of settlements along the Hudson River near the confluence with the Mohawk River. The land comprising the Poesten Kill and Wynants Kill areas were owned by two Mohican groups. The land around the Poesten Kill was owned by Skiwias and was called Panhooseck. The area around the Wynants Kill, was known as Paanpack, was owned by Peyhaunet. The land between the creeks, which makes up most of downtown and South Troy, was owned by Annape. South of the Wynants Kill and into present-day North Greenbush, the land was owned by Pachquolapiet. These parcels of land were sold to the Dutch between 1630 and 1657 and each purchase was overseen and signed by Skiwias, the sachem at the time. In total, more than 75 individual Mohicans were involved in deed signings in the 17th century.
The site of the city was a part of Rensselaerswyck, a patroonship created by Kiliaen van Rensselaer. Dirck Van der Heyden was one of the first settlers. In 1707, he purchased a farm of 65 acres (26 ha) which in 1787 was laid out as a village.
An early local legend that a Dutch girl had been kidnapped by an Indian male who did not want her to marry someone else gained some credence when two skeletons were found in a cave under Poestenkill Falls in the 1950s. One skeleton was female and Caucasian with an iron ring. The other was Native-American and male.
The name Troy (after the legendary city of Troy, made famous in Homer's Iliad) was adopted in 1789, and the region was formed into the Town of Troy in 1791 from part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck. The township included Brunswick and Grafton. Troy became a village in 1801 and was chartered as a city in 1816. In 1900, the city of Lansingburgh was merged into Troy. In the post-Revolutionary War years, as central New York was first settled, there was a strong trend to classical names, and Troy's naming fits the same pattern as the New York cities of Syracuse, Rome, Utica, Ithaca, or the towns of Sempronius, Manlius, or dozens of other classically named towns to the west of Troy.
Northern and Western New York was a theater of the War of 1812, and militia and regular army forces were led by Stephen Van Rensselaer of Troy. Quartermaster supplies were shipped through Troy. A local butcher and meat-packer named Samuel Wilson supplied the military, and, according to an unprovable legend, barrels stamped "U.S." were jokingly taken by the troops to stand for "Uncle Sam" meaning Wilson. Troy has since claimed to be the historical home of Uncle Sam.
Through much of the 19th and into the early 20th century, Troy was not only one of the most prosperous cities in New York State, but one of the most prosperous cities in the entire country. Prior to its rise as an industrial center, Troy was the transshipment point for meat and vegetables from Vermont which were sent by the Hudson River to New York City. The Federal Dam at Troy is the head of the tides in the Hudson River and Hudson River sloops and steamboats plied the river on a regular basis. This trade was vastly increased after the construction of the Erie Canal, with its eastern terminus directly across the Hudson from Troy at Cohoes in 1825.
Troy's one-time great wealth was produced in the steel industry, with the first American Bessemer converter erected on the Wyantskill, a stream with a falls in a small valley at the south end of the city. The industry first used charcoal and iron ore from the Adirondacks. Later on, ore and coal from the Midwest was shipped on the Erie Canal to Troy, and there processed before being sent on down the Hudson to New York City. The iron and steel was also used by the extensive federal arsenal across the Hudson at Watervliet, New York, then called West Troy. After the American Civil War, the steel production industry moved west to be closer to raw materials. The presence of iron and steel also made it possible for Troy to be an early site in the development of iron storefronts and steel structural supports in architecture, and there are some significant early examples still in the city.
The initial emphasis on heavier industry later spawned a wide variety of highly engineered mechanical and scientific equipment. Troy was the home of W. & L. E. Gurley, Co., makers of precision instruments. Gurley's theodolites were used to survey much of the American West after the Civil War and were highly regarded until laser and digital technology eclipsed the telescope and compass technology in the 1970s. Bells manufactured by Troy's Meneely Bell Company ring all over the world. And Troy was also home to a manufacturer of racing shells that used impregnated paper in a process that presaged the later use of fiberglass, Kevlar and carbon fiber composites.
This scientific and technical proficiency was supported by the presence of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, or RPI, one of the highest-ranked engineering schools in the country. RPI was originally sponsored by Stephen Van Rensselaer, one of the most prominent members of that family. RPI was founded in 1824, and eventually absorbed the campus of the short-lived, liberal arts based Troy University, which closed in 1862 during the Civil War. Rensselaer founded RPI for the "application of science to the common purposes of life", and it is the oldest technological university in the English-speaking world. The institute is known for its success in the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the marketplace.
On December 23, 1823, The Troy Sentinel was the first publisher of the world-famous Christmas poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" (also known as "The Night Before Christmas" or "Twas the Night Before Christmas"). The poem was published anonymously. Its author has long been believed to have been Clement Clarke Moore, but its author is now regarded by a few to have been Henry Livingston, Jr.
Troy was an early home of professional baseball, and was the host of two major league teams. The first team to call Troy home was the Troy Haymakers, a National Association team in 1871 and 1872. One of their major players was Williams H. "Bill" Craver, a noted catcher and Civil War veteran, who also managed the team. Their last manager was Jimmy Wood, reckoned the first Canadian in professional baseball. The Troy Haymakers folded, and Troy had no team for seven seasons. Then, for four seasons, 1879 to 1882, Troy was home to the National League Troy Trojans. The Trojans were not competitive in the league, but they did have the biggest hitter in professional baseball, Dan Brouthers.
For the 1883 season, the Trojans were moved to New York City where they became the New York Gothams, known later as the Giants. The Gothams had the same ownership as the New York Metropolitans of the rival American Association. As a result classic Met players became Giants, including Hall of Fame Pitcher Tim Keefe. Troy was also the birthplace of the famous player Michael Joseph "King" Kelly.
Troy has been nearly destroyed by fire three times. The Great Troy fire of 1862 burnt the W. & L. E. Gurley, Co. factory, which was later that year replaced by the new W. & L. E. Gurley Building, now a National Historic Landmark: Gurley & Sons remains a world-wide leader in precision instrumentation.
In 1892, Robert Ross, a poll watcher, was shot dead (and his brother wounded) by operatives of Mayor Edward Murphy, later a U.S. Senator, after uncovering a man committing voter fraud. The convicted murderer, Bartholomew "Bat" Shea, was executed in 1896, although another man, John McGough, later boasted that he had actually been the shooter.
In 1900 Troy annexed Lansingburgh, a former town and village whose standing dates back prior to the War of Independence, in Rensselaer County. Lansingburgh is thus often referred to as "North Troy". However, prior to the annexation, that portion of Troy north of Division Street was called North Troy and the neighborhood south of Washington Park is referred to as South Troy. To avoid confusion with streets in Troy following the annexation, Lansingburgh's numbered streets were renamed: its 1st Street, 2nd Street, 3rd Street, etc., became North Troy's 101st Street, 102nd Street, 103rd Street, etc. Lansingburgh was home to the Lansingburgh Academy.
In addition to the strong presence of the early American steel industry, Troy was also a manufacturing center for shirts, shirtwaists, collars and cuffs. In 1825, a local resident Hannah Lord Montague, was tired of cleaning her blacksmith husband's shirts. She cut off the collars of her husband's shirts, since only the collar was soiled, bound the edges and attached strings to hold them in place. (This also allowed the collars and cuffs to be starched separately.) Montague's idea caught on, and changed the fashion for American men's dress for a century. Her patented collars and cuffs were first manufactured by Maullin & Blanchard, which eventually was absorbed by Cluett, Peabody & Company. Cluett's "Arrow shirts" are still worn by men across the country. The large labor force required by the shirt manufacturing industry also, in 1864, produced the nation's first female labor union, the Collar Laundry Union, founded in Troy by Kate Mullany. On February 23, 1864, 300 members of the union went on strike. After six days, the laundry owners gave in to their demands and raised wages 25%. There were further developments in the industry, when, in 1933, Sanford Cluett invented a process he called Sanforization, a process which shrinks cotton fabrics thoroughly and permanently. Cluett, Peabody's last main plant in Troy was closed in the 1980s, but the industrial output of the plant had long been transferred to facilities in the South.
When the iron & steel industry moved to Pennsylvania and beyond, and with a similar downturn in the collar industry, Troy's prosperity began to fade. After the passage of Prohibition, and given the strict control of Albany by the O'Connell political machine, Troy became a way station for an illegal alcohol trade from Canada to New York City. Likewise, the stricter control of morality laws in the neighboring New England states, left Troy with openly operating speakeasies and brothels. Gangsters such as Legs Diamond conducted business in Troy. This gave Troy a somewhat colorful reputation through World War II. A few of the finer houses have since been converted to fine restaurants, such as the former Old Daly Inn.
Like many old industrial cities, Troy has had to deal with not only the loss of its manufacturing base, but a drainage of population and wealth to suburbs and other parts of the country. Troy's population in 1910 was over 75,000. These factors have led to a sizable degree of dilapidation and disinvestment, although numerous efforts have been made to preserve Troy's architectural and cultural past.
Kurt Vonnegut lived in Troy and the area, and many of his novels include mentions of Ilium, (Troy), or surrounding local references. Vonnegut wrote Player Piano in 1952, is based on his experiences working as a public relations writer at General Electric. His 1963 novel, Cat's Cradle, was written in the city, and mentions being in Ilium. His recurring main character, Kilgore Trout, is a resident of Cohoes, on the opposite side of the Hudson from Troy.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28 km2), of which 10.4 square miles (27 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (5.44%) is water.
Troy is located several miles north of Albany near the junction of the Erie and Champlain canals, via the Hudson River and is the terminus of the New York Barge Canal. It is the distributing center for a large area.
The city is on the central part of the western border of Rensselaer County. The Hudson River makes up the western border of the city and the county's border with Albany County. The city borders within Rensselaer County, Schaghticoke to the north, Brunswick to the east, and North Greenbush to the south; to the west the city borders the Albany County town of Colonie, the villages of Menands and Green Island, and the cities of Watervliet and Cohoes. To the northwest Troy borders the Saratoga County village of Waterford within the town of Waterford
The western edge of the city is flat along the river, and then steeply slopes to higher terrain to the east. The average elevation is 50 feet, with the highest elevation being 500 feet in the eastern part of the city. The city is longer than it is wide, with the southern part wider than the northern section of the city (the formerly separate city of Lansingburgh). Several kills (Dutch for creek) pass through Troy and empty into the Hudson. The Poesten Kill and Wynants Kill are the two largest and both have several small lakes and waterfalls along their routes in the city. There are several lakes and reservoirs within the city including Ida Lake, Burden Pond, Lansingburgh Reservoir, Bradley Lake, Smarts Pond and Wright Lake.
At the 2010 census, there were 50,129 people, 20,121 households and 10,947 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,820.1 per square mile (1,823.7/km²). There were 23,093 housing units at an average density of 2,217.6 per square mile (856.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.04% White, 19.49% African American, 0.28% Native American, 5.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.20% from other races, and 2.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.33% of the population. According the Census Bureau, the largest self-reported ethnic groups in Troy are: Irish (20%), Italian (15%), German (9%), French (6%), English (6%), Polish (5%), and Mexican (4%).
There were 19,996 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.6% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.3% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.97.
Age distribution was 22.1% under the age of 18, 17.6% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median household income was $27,843, and the median family income was $38,631. Males had a median income of $30,495 versus $25,724 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,796. About 17.3% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
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Troy, like many older industrial cities, has been battered by industrial decline and the migration of jobs to the suburbs. Nevertheless, the presence of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is helping Troy develop a small high-technology sector, particularly in video game development. The downtown core also has a smattering of advertising and architecture firms, and other creative businesses attracted by the area's distinctive architecture. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is the city's largest private employer.
Troy is also home to Russell Sage College (specializing in careers often pursued by women), 10,000 student Hudson Valley Community College (part of the SUNY system = State University of New York's 30+ two year technical colleges), three private high schools: La Salle Institute (catholic military-style) and Emma Willard School (USA's first girl's high school and a high-academic boarding and day school) and Catholic Central High School (a regional Catholic high school in Lansingburg section).
Northeast Health is now the umbrella administration of Troy two large hospitals (Samaritan Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital). The city is also home to many non-profits including the many good services provided by Unity House, Joseph's House, numerous churches (orthodox, catholic, protestant) and three synagoges and one mosque.
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Troy is home to Victorian and Belle Époque architecture. The city's architectural achievements rate inspirational and serve its citizens, visitors and onlookers as well as posterity, with as a veritable treasure chest set in masonry exteriors, as evidenced by the sheer variety of its building’s design vernacular, which includes specimens redolent of numerous ancient civilizations’ and later European edifice models. Notably, the city's First and Second Industrial Revolutions' decades-long innovations and successes enabled commercial and residential builders the financial means and engineering knowledgebase to express themselves in highly-individualized, and most often, grand masonry buildings. That opportunity to build such wondrous structures is owed, in part, too, to the fact that two major fires had devastated much of Troy’s earlier wooden structures, availing large tracts for re-development.
The Hudson and Mohawk rivers play their part, as does the Erie Canal and its lesser tributary canal systems, and later the railroads that linked Troy to the rest of the Empire State, New York City to the south, and Utica, New York, Syracuse, New York, Rochester, New York, Buffalo, New York and the myriad of emergent Great Lakes' cities in the burgeoning United States.
Notable buildings in Troy
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- The Emma Willard School for Girls aka Emma Willard School
- Russell Sage College
- Troy Public Library (to this day a private institution in service to the City of Troy)
- The original The Albany Academy, was founded, too, in what is now known as North Troy, formerly the village of Lansingburg
- Hudson Valley Community College
Natives of Troy expressed their passion for building, using the following materials, for an array building features:
- Iron: cast and structural iron works (facades, gates, railings, banisters, stairwells, rooftop crenellation, window grilles, etc.)
- Stone: carved hard and soft stone foundations, facades and decorative elements
- Glass: as well as in the vast array of ornate stained and etched glass works;
- Wood: fine wood work in found in many of Troy's buildings.
Tiffany and La Farge created magnificent stained-glass windows, transoms and other decorative stained-glass treatments for their customers in Troy. Rich with resplendent 19th century architecture, particularly in its Central Troy Historic District, it is no wonder that several major movies have been filmed in Troy, including Ironweed, The Age of Innocence, Scent of a Woman, The Bostonians, The Emperor's Club, and The Time Machine. There are many buildings in a state of disrepair, but community groups and investors are restoring many of them.
Troy's downtown historic landmarks include Frear's Troy Cash Bazaar, constructed on a steel infrastructure clad in ornately carved white marble; the Corinthian Courthouse that is constructed of gray granite, the Margaret Olivia Sage Library (the Troy Public Library), built in an elaborate Venetian palazzo style with high-relief carved white marble; the Troy Savings Bank Music Hall, designed in the Second Empire style, with a recital hall with highly regarded acoustic properties. There is a rich collection of Colonial, Federal, Italianate, Second Empire, Greek Revival, Egyptian Revival, Gothic Revival and other Romantic period townhouses surrounding the immediate downtown. The Hart-Cluett Mansion displays a Federal facade executed in white marble, quarried in Tuckahoe, New York. Often with foundations of rusticated granite block. Medina sandstone, a deep mud-red color, from Medina, New York, was also used.
As with many American cities, several city blocks in downtown Troy were razed during the 1970s as a part of an attempted urban renewal plan which was never successfully executed, leaving still vacant areas in the vicinity of Federal Street. Today, however, there have since been much more successful efforts to save the remaining historic downtown structures.
Part of this effort has been the arrival of the "Antique District" on River Street downtown. Cafes and art galleries are calling the area home. As home to many art, literature, and music lovers, the city hosts many free shows during the summer, on River Street, in parks, and in cafes and coffee shops. The Troy Farmer's Market is a popular event since 2000 that occurs every Saturday on River Street during the summer, or in the Atrium of downtown Troy during the winter.
- The Troy Flag Day Parade, one of the nation's largest, held in early June.
- River Street Festival, an annual, family-oriented arts/crafts and music festival held in June.
- The Uncle Sam Parade, held in proximity to Samuel Wilson's birthday (mid-September).
- Bakerloo Theatre Project, a classical summer theatre.
- The Victorian Stroll, an annual holiday event held in December.
- The Troy Turkey Trot, an annual Thanksgiving Day Run; the oldest race in the Capital District.
- Troy Night Out, a monthly (last Friday) event in downtown Troy where retail establishments remain open.
There were several important educational advances that took place in Troy, especially in scientific education and the education of women.
Under the patronage of Stephen van Rensselaer, Troy was the home of the first strictly scientific academic institution in the United States, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, founded in 1824, and which trained that corps of students which later founded the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sheffield Scientific School at Yale, and virtually every subsequent American scientific academic institution.
Emma Willard was a national leader in the education of women, and the author of standard instructional textbooks used for decades nationwide. She was involved in the establishment of several women's colleges, but most especially in Troy the Russell Sage College, and the Emma Willard School.
Colleges and universities
- La Salle Institute (Middle and High School) (Troy, New York)
- Catholic Central High School
- Emma Willard School (private)
- Knickerbacker Middle School (Lansingburgh Central School District)
- Lansingburgh High School (Lansingburgh Central School District)
- Troy High School (Enlarged City School District of Troy)
- Troy Middle School (previously W. Kenneth Doyle Middle School (Enlarged City School District of Troy)
- Redemption Christian Academy (private)
- P.S. #1, #2, #14, #16, #18 (Enlarged City School District of Troy)
- Carroll Hill
- St. Augustine Parochial School (Roman Catholic)
- Sacred Heart Parochial School (Roman Catholic)
- True North Troy Preparatory Charter School
- Ark Community Charter School
- Susan Odell Taylor School
- Rensselaer Park Elementary School (Lansingburgh School District)
- Turnpike Elementary School (Lansingburgh School District)
- The Tri-City Valley Cats, a minor-league baseball Class A affiliate of the Houston Astros. The team is a part of the New York-Penn League. They play at the Joseph L. Bruno Stadium in neighboring North Greenbush. The Valley Cats won the 2010 New York Penn League Championship.
- The Troy Trojans were a minor league baseball team that existed on and off between 1888 and 1916. They first appeared in the International Association in 1888. They played in the Eastern Association in 1891, and in the Eastern League from 1892 to 1893. They played in the New York State League from 1901 to 1916.
The Executive Branch consists of a Mayor who serves as the chief executive officer of the city. The Mayor is responsible for the proper administration of all city affairs placed in his/her charge as empowered by the City Charter. The Mayor enforces the laws of New York State as well as all local laws and ordinances passed by the City Council. S/he exercises control over all executive departments of the city government, including the Departments of Finance, Law, Public Safety, Public Works, Public Utilities, and Parks and Recreation.
The Mayor's term of office is four years, and an incumbent is prohibited from serving for more than two consecutive terms (eight years).
The current Mayor of Troy is Lou Rosamilia (D, WF), who is serving his first term, having been elected on November 8, 2011.
Results from the last five Mayoral elections (an asterisk indicates the incumbent):
- November 8, 2011 - Lou Rosamilia (D,WF) defeated Carmella Mantello (R,I,C)
- November 6, 2007 - Harry Tutunjian *(R,I,C) defeated James Conroy (D), Elda Abate (TPP)
- November 4, 2003 - Harry Tutunjian (R,I,C) defeated Frank LaPosta (D)
- November 2, 1999 - Mark Pattison *(D,L,W) defeated Carmella Mantello (R,I,C)
- November 7, 1995 - Mark Pattison (D,C) defeated Kathleen Jimino (R,RtL,Fre), Michael Petruska (I,W), Michael Rourke (L)
- prior to the November 1995 election, a city-manager form of government was utilized
Troy's Legislative Branch consists of a City Council which is composed of nine elected members: three At-Large Representatives who represent the entire city, and six District Representatives who represent each of the six districts of Troy. Currently, there are 7 Democrats and 2 Republicans.
Each Council member serves a two-year term, and an incumbent is prohibited from serving for more than four consecutive terms (eight years). The City Council At-Large Representative who receives the greatest number of votes in the election is designated the City Council President.
The Council meets on the first Thursday of every month at 7:00pm in City Hall, in the Council Chambers on the second floor. All meetings are open to the public, and include a public forum period held before official business where citizens can address the Council on all matters directly pertaining to city government.
The current Troy City Council took office on January 1, 2012, and will serve until December 31, 2013. The members are:
- Lynn Kopka - Council President (D - At-Large; President)
- Nina Nichols (D - At-Large; President Pro Tempore)
- Rodney Wilshire (D - At-Large)
- Kevin McGrath (D - District 1)
- Mark McGrath (R - District 2)
- Dean Bodnar (R - District 3)
- Robert Doherty (D - District 4)
- Ken Zalewski (D - District 5)
- Gary Galuski (D) - District 6
The City of Troy is divided into forty-four (44) Election Districts, also known as EDs. An ED is the finest granularity political district that can be used, from which all other political districts are formed.
Other political districts that make use of these EDs include City Council Districts, County Legislative Districts, State Assembly Districts, State Senate Districts, and U.S. Congressional Districts.
City Council Districts
The 44 EDs are grouped into six Council Districts, as follows:
- Council District 1: ED1-ED8
- Council District 2: ED9-ED16
- Council District 3: ED17-ED23
- Council District 4: ED24-ED29
- Council District 5: ED30-ED37
- Council District 6: ED38-ED44
New York State Assembly Districts
Two New York State Assembly Districts, the 106th and the 108th, each share a portion of their total areas with groups of EDs in Troy as follows:
- Assembly District 106: ED6-ED7, ED10-ED17, ED19-ED21, ED24-ED34, ED36-ED44
- Assembly District 108: ED1-ED5, ED8-ED9, ED18, ED22-ED23, ED35
All other political districts that exist in Troy consist of the entire city—all 44 EDs:
- Rensselaer County Legislative District 1: ED1-ED44
- New York State Senate District 43: ED1-ED44
- U.S. Congressional District 21: ED1-ED44
- The Paine Mansion (known as "The Castle") at 49 2nd Street
- Oakwood Cemetery - Located in North Troy, or Lansingburgh, it is the final resting place of many famous Americans; among them, Civil War Major General George Henry Thomas, known as "The Rock of Chickamauga", and Samuel Wilson, better known as Uncle Sam.
- The Hart-Cluett Mansion - home of the Rensselaer County Historical Society
- W.H. Frear Department Store
- Burden Iron Works
- Russell Sage College - liberal arts women's college.
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - Oldest technological institute in the English-speaking world.
- Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center - a state of the art performing arts center on the RPI campus
- Chapel + Cultural Center at Rensselaer - Unique multipurpose performing arts and religious center.
- Woodside Church - Neo-Gothic church in South Troy now home to the Contemporary Artists Center
- Hudson Valley Community College - Formerly the Troy Technical Institute, then the Hudson Valley Technical Institute. Ranked as one of the Top 100 two-year colleges in the nation by Community College Week in 2004.
- Houston Field House - Hosts various concert events and RPI Hockey.
- Emma Willard School - Oldest secondary school for girls in the United States.
- Prospect Park
- Troy Savings Bank Music Hall - World renowned for being "an acoustic marvel."
- Troy Public Library
- St. Peter's Church
- Kennedy Towers, at 19 stories, is the tallest building in Troy. Part of the Troy Public Housing Authority, the plan originally called for two towers but only one was built. The name still remains towers despite this.
- Troy Gas Light Company Gasholder house - one of few remaining examples of telescoping two-lift gasholder houses.
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- Henry Burden (born 1791) Originally from Scotland. Famous engineer and businessman who built an industrial complex in Troy, New York called the Burden Iron Works that featured the most powerful water wheel in the world.
- James Connolly (1868–1916), a leader of the Irish Easter Rising, lived in Troy 1903-ca.1910; a statue of Connolly was erected in Troy in 1986.
- John Joseph Evers (1883–1947), baseball Hall of Fame second baseman.
- Robert Fuller (born 1933), television actor, rancher, born in Troy.
- Alice Fulton (born 1952), poet and author, MacArthur "Genius Grant" recipient, was born and raised in Troy. Her novel The Nightingales of Troy follows a fictional Irish-American family through the 20th Century in Troy.
- Henry Highland Garnet (1815–1882), African-American abolitionist, minister and orator; editor of The National Watchman and The Clarion
- Mary Louise Peebles (1833–1915) author of children's books
- Thomas Baker (1916–1944), U.S. infantryman, received the Medal of Honor in the Battle of Saipan.
- King Kelly (1857–1894), professional baseball player, born in Troy.
- William Marcy (1786–1857), governor, U.S. senator, U.S. Secretary of State.
- Herman Melville (1819–1891), author (Moby Dick), from 1838-47 resided in Lansingburgh.
- John Morrissey (1831–1878), bare-knuckle boxer, U.S. representative, co-founder of Saratoga Race Course.
- Kate Mullany (1845–1906), Irish-born labor organizer, founder of the Collar Laundry Union.
- Edward Murphy, Jr. (1836–1911), mayor, U.S. senator
- Cicero Price (1805-1888), United States Navy commodore who fought in the American Civil War and was commander of the East India Squadron, resided in Troy for 36 years
- Richard Selzer (born 1928), surgeon and author, was born in Troy. His memoir Down from Troy recounts his experiences there as the son of a physician.
- Horatio Spafford (1828–1888), composer of the well-known Christian hymn "It Is Well With My Soul", was born in Lansingburgh (now Troy), New York.
- Maureen Stapleton (1925–2006), Academy Award-winning actress of film, stage and television.
- Joseph M. Warren, former U.S. Representative for New York.
- Samuel Wilson (1766–1854), a butcher and meatpacker during the time of the War of 1812, whose name is believed to be the inspiration for the personification of the United States known as Uncle Sam.
- Congressional Medal of Honor and Distinguished Service Cross/Navy Cross recipients who were born in, or called Troy home.
- Lt. Col. William Joseph O'Brien (1899 – July 7, 1944) Born in Troy, was a United States Army officer and a recipient of the United States Military's highest decoration—The Congressional Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II during the Battle of Saipan. Lt. Col. O'Brien is buried in Troy's St. Peter's Cemetery.
- William Henry Freeman (May 10, 1844 – August 26, 1911) Born in Troy, was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Second Battle of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865. Pvt. Freeman is buried in Troy's Oakwood Cemetery.
- Francis Edwin Brownell (1840 – March 15, 1894) Entered service at Troy, was a soldier and recipient of the Medal of Honor for killing James W. Jackson, after he shot Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth, colonel of the 11th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Brownell's actions marked the first action in the American Civil War to merit the award.
- E. Michael Burke (1844 - February 3, 1874) Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. His true name was Michael Burke. He served as a Private in the Union Army in Company D, 125th New York Infantry. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on May 12, 1864 at Spotsylvania, Virginia. His citation read "Capture of flag, seizing it as his regiment advanced over the enemy's works. He received a bullet wound in the chest while capturing the flag." (bio by: Don Morfe). He is buried in Troy's St. Mary's Cemetery.
- Luman Lewis Cadwell Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. Date of birth: May 22, 1836. Date of death: July 9, 1925. Burial Location: Decorah, Iowa. Place of Birth: Nanticoke Springs, New York. Home of record: Troy, New York
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Ilium fuit is the well-known expression from the Aeneid, where it is the beginning of Parthus' reply to Aeneas. Aeneid, Bk. II., 325. 30 153, and which had come to mean a complete and final end. The second half, Troja est, is a defiant declaratory statement that nevertheless, Troy still lives.
- Rittner (2002), p. 27
- Rittner (2002), p. 22
- "A Resourceful People A Pictorical History of Rensselaer County, New York"
- US News (2006). "America's Best Colleges 2007". Retrieved 2007-12-01.
- "RPI History Main Page". Retrieved 2007-01-21.
- "Rensselaer in Brief". 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- Robert Breuer, Troy's RiverSpark Visitor Center. Retrieved 1 August 2007.
- Second Street Historic District (Troy, New York)
- Baseball Reference Bullpen
- "50 years of innovation and excellence". Hudson Valley Community College. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- "Troy Gas Light Company, Gasholder House". Society for Industrial Archeology. Retrieved 2010-01-23.
- "Greg Schutz". Fiction Writers Review. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "Companion Map to Alice Fulton's The Nightingales of Troy". Google Maps. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "William Marcy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "John Morrissey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Edward Murphy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "WARREN, Joseph Mabbett, (1813 - 1896)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
Rensselaer County histories
- Anderson, George Baker (1897). Landmarks of Rensselaer County New York. Syracuse, New York: D. Mason and Company. OCLC 1728151.
- Hayner, Rutherford (1925). Troy and Rensselaer County New York: A History. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc. OCLC 22524006.
- Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett (1880). History of Rensselaer Co., New York with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck. OCLC 3496287.
- Weise, Arthur James (1880). History of the Seventeen Towns of Rensselaer County from the Colonization of the Manor of Rensselaerwyck to the Present Time. Troy, New York: J. M. Francis & Tucker. OCLC 6637788.
- Rittner, Don (2002). Troy, NY: A Collar City History. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-2368-2.
- City of Troy (1906). Charter of and laws relating to the city of Troy: as amended at the close of the legislative session of 1906. Troy Observer Co. OCLC 13208186.
- Weise, Arthur James (1886). The city of Troy and its vicinity. Troy, New York: Edward Green. OCLC 8989214.
- Weise, Arthur James (1891). Troy's one hundred years, 1789–1889. Troy, New York: William H. Young. OCLC 17346272.
- Weise, Arthur James (1876). History of the city of Troy: from the Expulsion of the Mohegan Indians to the Present Centennial Year of Independence of the United States of America, 1876. Troy, New York: William H. Young. OCLC 12930415.
- Esposito, Michael A. (2009). Troy's Little Italy. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-6513-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Troy, New York|
- City of Troy Homepage
- Early history of Troy, NY
- Our Town: Troy Documentary produced by WMHT (TV)
- Troy, New York at the Open Directory Project
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