Troy Donahue

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Troy Donahue
TROY donahue 1999.jpg
Donahue in 1999
Born Merle Johnson, Jr.
(1936-01-27)January 27, 1936
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died September 2, 2001(2001-09-02) (aged 65)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart attack
Alma mater Columbia University
Occupation Actor, singer
Years active 1957–2000
Spouse(s) Suzanne Pleshette (m. 1964; div. 1964)
Valerie Allen (m. 1966; div. 1968)
Alma Sharpe (m. 1969; div. 1972)
Vicki Taylor (m. 1979; div. 1981)
Partner(s) Zheng Cao
Children 1

Troy Donahue (January 27, 1936 – September 2, 2001) was an American film and television actor and singer. Donahue became a popular male sex symbol of the 1950s and 1960s.

Early years[edit]

Born Merle Johnson, Jr. in New York City, Donahue was the son of a retired stage actress and the manager of the motion picture department of General Motors.[1] Donahue later recalled in a 1959 interview:

Acting is all I ever wanted. Ever since I can remember I've studied and read plays. My mother would help me but my parents didn't want me to become an actor. They preferred something more stable - doctor, lawyer, Indian chief, anything.[2]

To please his parents he attended a New York military academy. He was going to attend West Point but suffered a damaged knee at a track meet. He volunteered for the army but they rejected him.[3]

When he was 18 he moved to New York and got a job as a messenger in a film company founded by his father (who had died when he was 14). He was fired, he says, because he was too young to join the union.[2]

He attended Columbia University and studied journalism, and acted in summer stock at Bucks County. He trained briefly with Ezra Stone then moved to Hollywood.

One evening producer William Asher and director James Sheldon spotted him in a diner at Malibu and arranged for a screen test with Columbia. It was unsuccessful, and Donahue was in a car accident where he drove off a road and plunged 40 feet down a canyon.[3]

Actress Fran Bennett introduced him to Henry Willson, who represented Rock Hudson, among others. Wilson signed him and it was he who changed Johnson's name to Troy Donahue.[4] "It took me five minutes to get used to it," said Donahue.[2]

Career[edit]

Donahue signed with Universal in 1956.[5] He established himself with uncredited roles in The Monolith Monsters and Man Afraid in 1957, leading to larger parts in several films and on TV shows. Donahue starred in Monster on the Campus, Live Fast, Die Young, and The Tarnished Angels, all in 1958. He impressed in a small role in Imitation of Life.

Stardom[edit]

The big break of Donahue's career came when cast opposite Sandra Dee in A Summer Place, made by Warner Bros in 1959.[6] This role role made him a major star, especially among teenaged audiences. In 1960 he was named by Film Daily as one of the five "finds" of the year.[7]

He signed a contract with Warner Bros.[8] and played several successive leading roles in films such as Parrish, Susan Slade, Rome Adventure, Palm Springs Weekend, and A Distant Trumpet. Two of these films co-starred Suzanne Pleshette, whom he married in 1964, but divorced that same year.

In 1962 he claimed he received 5,000 - 7,500 fan letters a week.[9] The following year, exhibitors voted him the 20th most popular star in the USA.[10] He was also very popular in Japan.[11]

Donahue with show-girl Margarita Sierra in the ABC/Warner Brothers television series, Surfside 6 (1961)

From 1960 to 1962, Donahue starred with Van Williams, Lee Patterson, Diane McBain, and Margarita Sierra in the ABC/WB series, Surfside 6, set in Miami Beach, Florida.[4][12]

After Surfside 6 was canceled, Donahue joined the cast of another ABC/WB detective series, Hawaiian Eye for its last season from 1962 to 1963 in the role of hotel director Philip Barton, with Robert Conrad and Connie Stevens in the series lead.[13]

Donahue also had a brief tenure as a recording artist at the height of his fame in the early 1960s, releasing a handful of singles for Warner Bros. records, including "Live Young" and "Somebody Loves Me." However, none of his recordings entered the Billboard Hot 100 list.

Decline[edit]

In 1965, Donahue was cast as a psychopathic killer opposite Joey Heatherton in My Blood Runs Cold. While Donahue was happy to break type and play a different type of role, it was not well received by the public. His contract with Warner Bros. ended shortly thereafter - although it did not end until early 1968, Donahue asked to be released from it in January 1966.[14] Donahue later claimed:

Jack Warner called every studio I used to work for and used his muscle to keep me busted. I was backballed and everyone in the business knew it. Please print that. I made one film in Europe playing a Victorian astronaut but no one ever saw it. Then by the time I could get work again it was too late because my type was already out of fashion.[15]

He later reflected on this period:

They pumped me til the well went dry. My image came out of Warner Bros and it was one that was on its way out. I think I'm a little deeper than the roles I was given to play.[2]

In 1967 he said Parrish had been the most satisfactory of his movies:

I had the best script and the best opportunity as an actor. Not too many of those came my way. But I did get great exposure at Warners. Now I'm free to call my own shots. I've made more money in two years on my own than the whole time I was under contract.[16]

In 1967 Donahue walked out of a contract to appear in a play Poor Richard at the Pheasant Run Playhouse.[17][18] He was sued for $200,000.[19] The following year Donahue signed a long term contract with Universal for films and TV.[20] This lasted a year and saw him guest on a number of shows. He declared bankruptcy in 1968.[21]

Donahue later admitted that he began abusing drugs and alcohol at the peak of his career and increased usage after his career began to wane. He also suffered from financial difficulties and lost his home.

"I spent a lot of time judging beauty contests and opening banks," Donahue said of this period.[2] He also wrote TV screenplays under a pseudonym.

Donahue was struggling to make his way in a changing Hollywood. As he said later, "If you're the boy next door and you supposed to be squeaky clean, all you had to do was let your sideburns grow and suddenly you were a hippy."[22] Donahue says when he met casting directors they would ask "Why don't you comb your hair? How come you have grown a moustache? What are you doing with a beard?"[22] He also thinks his career was hurt by the fact he was an anti-Vietnam War Democrat while "everybody assumed I was a Republican".[22]

Move to New York[edit]

In 1969, Donahue moved from Los Angeles to New York City. He said a few years later:

It took guts to walk out of Hollywood, but it would have been worse to stay. I had a house, seven black cadillac convertibles, and two wrecked marriages. I already had my head turned; turning back was easy. It doesn't matter if I have a beard or a crew cu. People respond to me because I have a human quality. I know I'll be put down by Hollywood but I don't speak to anybody out there anyway... I smoke grass and ride cycles, my lifestyle is casual, but I'm not a dope fiend or a hippie freak. I've found strength in Jesus Christ and he's easier to follow than Zen Buddhism. I'm not strung out. I'm a very reasonable, professional actor.[15]

While in New York Donahue appeared in the daytime CBS drama The Secret Storm for six months. He later called the role "the best part I ever had".[2] By this time, Donahue's drug addiction and alcoholism had ruined him financially. One summer, he was homeless and lived in Central Park.

In 1974, Francis Ford Coppola cast him in a small part in The Godfather Part II as the fiancé of Connie Corleone. His character was name Merle Johnson, a nod to Donahue's real name. Donahue was paid $10,000 for the role.

Return to Hollywood[edit]

Donahue moved back to Los Angeles where he married for a fourth time. He acted in occasional television guest spots and appeared in whiskey commercials for the Japanese television market. Donahue said in 1978:

After eight years at Warners I did a few independent pictures that never went any place. I travelled, played stickball, had a few marriages and many affairs. I just totally enjoyed myself and did the things I didn't get to do when I was a kid. Now I've decided I wanna go back to work again and I've been encouraged by a lot of people who feel that I have the talent and everything that goes with it.[22]

There was even some talk of a TV movie, Return to a Summer Place, but it was never made.[22]

After his fourth marriage ended in 1981, Donahue decided to seek help for his drinking and drug use.[23] In May 1982, he joined Alcoholics Anonymous which he credited for helping him achieve and maintain sobriety.[24]

Later Years[edit]

Donahue continued to act in films throughout the 1980s and into the late 1990s but never obtained the recognition that he had in the earlier years of his career.[25] Donahue's final film role was in the 2000 comedy film The Boys Behind the Desk, directed by Sally Kirkland.

Personal life[edit]

Donahue was married four times and had one child. His first marriage was to actress Suzanne Pleshette whom he married on January 5, 1964 in Beverly Hills.[26] They divorced in September 1964.[24][27]

On October 21, 1966, Donahue married actress Valerie Allen in Dublin, Ireland.[28] They separated in April 1967, and she filed for divorce in April 1968, charging him with cruelty, divorcing in November 1968.[29][30] She miscarried during their marriage.[31]

Donahue's third marriage was to executive secretary Alma Sharpe. They married on November 15, 1969 in Roanoke, Virginia.[32][33] They divorced in 1972.[23]

Donahue's fourth and final marriage was to land developer Vicki Taylor. They were married in 1979 and divorced in 1981.[23] In his final years, Donahue was in a long-term relationship with mezzo-soprano Zheng Cao to whom he was engaged and lived with in Santa Monica, California.[25][4]

Donahue had one son, Sean, whom he had with a woman he had a brief relationship with in 1969.[23]

In 1958 Donahue was jailed for 15 days for speeding.[34] In 1961 his one time fiancee Lili Kardell sued him for damages, claiming he hit her without provocation.[35]

Death[edit]

On August 30, 2001, Donahue suffered a heart attack and was admitted to Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica. He died there on September 2 at the age of 65.[24][4]

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1957 Man Afraid Reporter Uncredited
1957 Man of a Thousand Faces Assistant Director in Bullpen Uncredited
1957 The Tarnished Angels Frank Burnham
1957 The Monolith Monsters Hank Jackson Uncredited
1958 Flood Tide Teenager at Beach Uncredited
1958 Summer Love Sax Lewis
1958 Live Fast, Die Young Artie Sanders/Artie Smith
1958 This Happy Feeling Tony Manza
1958 Voice in the Mirror Paul Cunningham
1958 Wild Heritage Jesse Bascomb
1958 The Perfect Furlough Sgt. Nickles
1958 Monster on the Campus Jimmy Flanders
1959 Imitation of Life Frankie
1959 A Summer Place Johnny Hunter
1960 The Crowded Sky McVey
1961 Parrish Parrish McLean
1961 Susan Slade Hoyt Brecker
1962 Rome Adventure Don Porter
1963 Palm Springs Weekend Jim Munroe
1964 A Distant Trumpet 2nd Lt. Matthew 'Matt' Hazard
1965 My Blood Runs Cold Ben Gunther
1967 Come Spy with Me Pete Barker
1967 Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon Gaylord Alternative title: Those Fantastic Flying Fools
1970 The Phantom Gunslinger Bill
1971 Sweet Savior Moon Alternative title: Frenetic Party
1972 The Last Stop Sheriff
1974 Seizure Mark Frost
1974 Cockfighter Randall Mansfield
1974 South Seas Steve
1974 The Godfather: Part II Merle Johnson
1977 The Legend of Frank Woods Sheriff John Baxom
1977 Ultraje
1983 Tin Man Lester
1984 Katy the Caterpillar Walla (Voice) English-dubbed version
1984 Grandview, U.S.A. Donny Vinton
1986 Low Blow John Templeton Alternative title: The Last Fight to Win: The Bloody End
1987 Fight to Win Rosenberg Alternative titles: Dangerous Passages
Eyes of the Dragon
1987 Cyclone Bob Jenkins
1987 Hyôryu kyôshitsu Taggart English title: The Drifting Classroom
1987 Hollywood Cop Lt. Maxwell
1987 Deadly Prey Don Michaelson
1988 Hard Rock Nightmare Uncle Gary
1988 Hawkeye Mayor Alternative title: Karate Cops
1989 Blood Nasty Barry Hefna
1989 The Chilling Dr. Miller
1989 Deadly Spygames Python
1989 The Platinum Triangle Harold Farber
1989 Assault of the Party Nerds Sid Witherspoon Direct-to-video release
1989 American Rampage Police Psychiatrist
1989 Dr. Alien Dr. Ackerman
1989 Terminal Force Slim
1989 Sounds of Silence Larry Haughton
1989 Bad Blood Jack Barnes
1989 Hot Times at Montclair High Mr. Nichols
1990 Sexpot Phillip
1990 Click: The Calendar Girl Killer Alan
1990 Cry-Baby Hatchet's Father
1990 Omega Cop Slim
1990 Nudity Required Jack Alternative title: Young Starlet
1991 Shock 'Em Dead Record Exec
1991 Deadly Diamonds Matt Plimpton Direct-to-video release
1992 Double Trouble Leonard
1992 The Pamela Principle Troy
1993 Showdown
1998 Merchants of Venus FBI Agent Alternative title: A Dirty Little Business
2000 The Boys Behind the Desk
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1958 Man Without a Gun Jan Episode: "Night of Violence"
1958 The Californians Episode: "A Girl Named Sue"
1959 Rawhide Buzz Travis Episode: "Incident at Alabaster Plain"
1959 Wagon Train Ted Garner Segment: "The Hunter Malloy Story"
1959 Tales of Wells Fargo Smith Episode: "The Rawhide Kid"
1959 Maverick Dan Jamison Episode: "Pappy"
1959 Sugarfoot Ken Savage Episode: "The Wild Bunch"
1959 Colt .45 James 'Jim' Gibson Episode: "The Hothead"
1959 Bronco Roy Parrott
Bart Bonner
2 episodes
1959 The Alaskans Ted Andrews Episode: "Heart of Gold"
1959-1963 Hawaiian Eye Philip Barton 26 episodes
1960 Lawman David Manning Episode: "The Payment"
1960-1961 77 Sunset Strip Star Bright
Sandy Winfield I
2 episodes
1960-1962 Surfside 6 Sandy Winfield II 71 episodes
1965 The Patty Duke Show Dr. Morgan Episode: "Operation: Tonsils"
1968 Ironside Father Dugan 2 episodes
1968 The Name of the Game Norman Hoak Episode: "Nightmare"
1969 The Virginian Bracken Episode: "Fox, Hound and the Widow McCloud"
1969 The Lonely Profession Julian Thatcher Television movie
1970 The Secret Storm R.B. Keefer Unknown episodes
1976 Ellery Queen Gilbert Mallory Episode: "The Adventure of the Sinister Scenario"
1977 The Godfather Saga Merle Johnson Miniseries
1978 The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries Alan Summerville Episode: "Mystery on the Avalanche Express"
1978 CHiPs Bob Niles Episode: "Peaks and Valleys"
1978 Vega$ Teddy Howard Episode: "The Games Girls Play"
1978 The Eddie Capra Mysteries Episode: "Dying Declaration"
1978-1981 Fantasy Island Jack Terry
Wallis Jaeger
2 episodes
1980 The Love Boat Mr. Clark Episode: "Tell Her She's Great..."
1982 Matt Houston William 'Willie' Hoyt Episode: "Joey's Here"
1983 Malibu Clint Redman Television movie
1990 Monsters Episode: "Micro Minds"
1998 Legion Flemming Television movie
1999 Shake, Rattle and Roll: An American Love Story Rob Kamen Miniseries

Box Office Ranking[edit]

  • 1960 - voted 5th most likely star of Tomorrow
  • 1961 - 24th most popular star in the US
  • 1963 - 20th most popular star in the US

Theatre Credits[edit]

  • Stalag 17 (when he was 17)[16]
  • The Owl and the Pussycat (1966)[36]
  • Poor Richard (1967)[17]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Troy Donahue was one of the inspirations for The Simpsons character Troy McClure, along with Doug McClure and a measure of the character's voice actor Phil Hartman.[37]
  • Donahue is mentioned in the song "Look At Me, I'm Sandra Dee", from the 1971 musical Grease, reflecting his status as a teen idol at the time in which the action is set. The line, which is performed by Stockard Channing in the 1978 film version, is as follows: "As for you, Troy Donahue, I know what you want to do."[38]
  • Donahue is also mentioned in the song "Mother" in the musical A Chorus Line, when the character Bobby sings, "If Troy Donahue could be a movie star, then I could be a movie star."[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferguson, Michael S. (2003). Idol Worship: A Shameless Celebration of Male Beauty in the Movies. STARbooks Press. p. 139. ISBN 1-891-85548-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Teens Pick Our Movie Stars: Donahue Buildup an Example Beck, Joan. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 22 Oct 1959: c3.
  3. ^ a b GOLDEN BOY TROY: Tall, Talented, and Terrific, He Has Attained the Fame Hedda Predicted for Him Last January Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 29 May 1960: b16.
  4. ^ a b c d Bridges, Andrew (September 2, 2001). "Actor Troy Donahue dead of heart attack at ae 65". The Tuscaloosa News. p. 2A. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ PRODUCERS STUDY NEW CAMERA IDEA: Film and TV Officials View Electronicam, Du Mont's Dual Purpose Instrument Welles to Direct at M-G-M By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 03 Oct 1956: 29.
  6. ^ ' A SUMMER PLACE' ON THE CALIFORNIA COAST By PAINE KNICKERBOCKERSAN FRANCISCO.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 05 Apr 1959: X7.
  7. ^ Film Daily Announces Winners in Latest Poll The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 26 Dec 1960: A25
  8. ^ Screen Executive Enthused Over Coming Films Tinee, Mae. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 22 Nov 1959: f13.
  9. ^ Troy Donahue Goes to Class: How Chicago Teens Hailed Film Idol Schulz, Barbara. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 29 Mar 1962: c3.
  10. ^ 'Doris Day Heads Top 10' The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] January 14, 1964: A27.
  11. ^ The Hazards Of Hitting It Big TROY DONAHUE:. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 21 June 1964: h9.
  12. ^ Man With the Fans Korman, Seymour. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 10 June 1961: b3.
  13. ^ ROUTE 66 MAKES A DETOUR AROUND WORLD'S FAIR Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 28 Apr 1962: c8.
  14. ^ LETTERS: Statements Denied Warner, Jack L. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 22 Aug 1971: n14.
  15. ^ a b Troy Donahue--from Beachboy to Jesus Freak Reed, Rex. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 08 Aug 1971: e2.
  16. ^ a b Troy Donahue Newest Film 'Kid You' Clifford, Terry. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 08 Jan 1967: g12.
  17. ^ a b Donahue Walks Out Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 07 Nov 1967: c16.
  18. ^ Schedule 'Voice of the Turtle' Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 07 Nov 1967: b3.
  19. ^ Imogene Coca, Donovan Return to Drury Lane Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 19 Nov 1967: f10.
  20. ^ MOVIE CALL SHEET: Brennan Set for Western Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 16 Feb 1968: c14.
  21. ^ Personal Finance: Debtors Should Weigh Bankruptcy Ills Carefully to Avoid Adding to Troubles Personal Finance: Bankruptcy Ills By ROBERT J. COLE. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 03 Oct 1968: 69.
  22. ^ a b c d e Donahue Is Back, in the 'CHiPs': HAIR, HUMILITY Donahue Back, in the 'CHiPs' Rosenberg, Howard. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 28 July 1978: j3.
  23. ^ a b c d Stark, John (August 13, 1984). "After 20 Years Awash in Booze and Drugs, Troy Donahue Prizes His Sobering Discoveries". people.com. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c Donnelley, Paul (2003). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Music Sales Group. p. 215. ISBN 0-711-99512-5. 
  25. ^ a b Emory, Alan (August 30, 1997). "Troy Donahue at 61: still blonde, now sober". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. pp. C–7. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Troy Donahue, Actress Wed". The Pittsburgh Press. January 5, 1964. p. 16. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  27. ^ Troy Donahue Divorced by Suzanne Pleshette Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 09 Sep 1964: A2.
  28. ^ "Hound Wedding Star". The Evening Independent. October 22, 1966. pp. 16–A. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Divorces Donahue". The Free Lance-Star. November 16, 1968. p. 2. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  30. ^ Troy Donahue's Wife Files Divorce Action Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 20 Apr 1968: b5.
  31. ^ Valerie Allen Iill The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 26 Dec 1966: A14.
  32. ^ "Actor Tory Donahue Marries T.V. Secretary". St. Petersburg Times. November 20, 1969. pp. 2–A. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  33. ^ Donahue and Secretary Say Vows Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 20 Nov 1969: f22.
  34. ^ Actor Jailed for Speeding Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 17 Apr 1958: B1.
  35. ^ Sues Actor Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 24 Nov 1961: 3.
  36. ^ Nina Wayne Signed for 'Luv' Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 16 Aug 1966: c13.
  37. ^ The Simpsons Season 2 DVD, Episode: Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment
  38. ^ a b Filichia, Peter (2010). Broadway Musicals: The Biggest Hit and the Biggest Flop of the Season, 1959 to 2009. p. 98. ISBN 1-423-49562-4. 

External links[edit]