Trubchevsk

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Trubchevsk (English)
Трубчевск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Bryansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Bryansk Oblast in Russia
Trubchevsk is located in Bryansk Oblast
Trubchevsk
Trubchevsk
Location of Trubchevsk in Bryansk Oblast
Coordinates: 52°34′N 33°46′E / 52.567°N 33.767°E / 52.567; 33.767Coordinates: 52°34′N 33°46′E / 52.567°N 33.767°E / 52.567; 33.767
Coat of Arms of Trubchevsk (Oryol oblast) (1781).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Bryansk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Trubchevsky District[2]
Urban Administrative Okrug Trubchevsky[2]
Administrative center of Trubchevsky District,[1] Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug[2]
Municipal status (as of August 2012)
Municipal district Trubchevsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Trubchevsky Municipal District,[3] Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 15,014 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
First mentioned See text[citation needed]
Previous names Trubetsk[citation needed]
Trubchevsk on WikiCommons

Trubchevsk (Russian: Трубче́вск) is a town and the administrative center of Trubchevsky District in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located about 95 kilometers (59 mi) south of the city of Bryansk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,014 (2010 Census);[4] 16,342 (2002 Census);[6] 16,301 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

An old Severian town, Trubchevsk was first mentioned as Trubetsk in East Slavic manuscripts describing the events of 1164 and 1183, although the locally 975 is regarded as the year of its foundation.[citation needed] At that early period, it has been variously spelled as Trubech (Трубечь), Trubetsk (Трубецк), Trubchesk (Трубческ), or Trubezhsk (Трубежск).[citation needed]

The town is referred to in the great Old Russian poem, The Tale of Igor's Campaign. This poem calls for the princes of the various Slavic lands to join forces in resisting the invasions of the nomadic Cuman people. The poem also glorified the courage of the army of Vsevolod Svyatoslavich, the ruler of Kursk and Trubchevsk.

The Millennium Monument in Trubchevsk, representing Boyan playing a gusli

Originally a minor center of Severia, Trubchevsk had its own princes sporadically throughout the Middle Ages, in 1164–1196, 1202–1211, 1212–1240, 1378–1399, and finally in 1462–1503. The last dynasty eventually settled in Moscow, where they became known as Princes Trubetskoy. Between 1609 and 1644, the town belonged to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and its name was spelled as Trubczewsk.

During World War II, Trubchevsk was occupied by the German Army from October 9, 1941 to September 18, 1943.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Trubchevsk serves as the administrative center of Trubchevsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Trubchevsky District as Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug.[2] As a municipal division, Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated within Trubchevsky Municipal District as Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement.[3]

Architecture[edit]

There are very few notable buildings in the town. The main landmark is the 19th-century century Trinity Cathedral, which incorporates some parts from its 16th-century predecessor.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #13-Z
  2. ^ a b c d Law #69-Z
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #3-Z
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №13-З от 5 июня 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Опубликован: "Брянский рабочий", №119, 24 июня 1997 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #13-Z of June 5, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. ).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №69-З от 2 ноября 2012 г. «Об образовании городских административных округов, поселковых административных округов, сельских административных округов, установлении границ, наименований и административных центров административных округов в Брянской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2013 г. Опубликован: Информационный бюллетень "Официальная Брянщина", №16, 6 ноября 2012 г.. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #69-Z of November 2, 2002 On the Establishment of Urban Administrative Okrugs, Settlement Administrative Okrugs, Rural Administrative Okrugs, on Establishing Borders, Names, and Administrative Centers of the Administrative Okrugs of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2013.).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №3-З от 9 марта 2005 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского поселения, сельского поселения и установлении границ муниципальных образований в Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Брянская неделя", №13, 8 апреля 2005 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #3-Z of March 9, 2005 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

External links[edit]