She was born in 1902 to a German nationalist family. She never completed gymnasium, and joined the German nationalist youth movement by the 1920s, becoming a Bund Deutscher Mädel leader. She would find employment in the postal service.
NSDAP and BDM
In 1928 she joined the NSDAP (Nazi Party), and was assigned the task of establishing a BDM in a Brandenburg district in 1930 as an arm of the Hitler Youth, becoming its leader in 1931. By 1932, her group was the second largest in the country.
When the Hitler Youth was suspended for excessive violence in 1932, the BDM was as well. This did not deter Mohr and her staff, as they carried on the activities of the organization.
After internal feuding, it was restored and in 1933 she was given leave from her employment with the postal service to be able to devote herself to the greater establishment of the BDM. She was appointed the first Reichsreferentin in June 1934. Her main initiative was to nourish a new way of living for the German youth, stating
Our volk need a generation of girls which is healthy in body and mind, sure and decisive, proudly and confidently going forward, one which assumes its place in everyday life with poise and discernment, one free of sentimental and rapturous emotions, and which, for precisely this reason, in sharply defined feminity, would be the comrade of a man, because she does not regard him as some sort of idol but rather as a companion! Such girls will then, by necessity, carry the values of National Socialism into the next generation as the mental bulwark of our people.
Resignation and legacy
In 1937 after marrying Obersturmführer Wolf Bürkner, she became pregnant and resigned her duties. At the time of her resignation, the organization had grown to 2.7 million members. She was succeeded by Jutta Rüdiger. In an interview in 1980, she stated she was devoted to a single idea her whole life, and was not ashamed of it.
After her resignation, she took a position with Hermann Göring Works administering social welfare services to employees. Her application for a coveted low-ranking party position was not accepted, resulting in her increasing efforts to obtain such. In 1945 she was captured and imprisoned by the British.
- Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek
- "Hitler Youth", Michael H. Kater. Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-674-01496-0, ISBN 978-0-674-01496-1. p. 78
- "Women in Austria", Anton Pelinka, Erika Thurner. Transaction Publishers, 1998. ISBN 0-7658-0404-2, ISBN 978-0-7658-0404-4. p. 20-23
- "Growing up female in Nazi Germany", Dagmar Reese. University of Michigan Press, 2006. ISBN 0-472-06938-1, ISBN 978-0-472-06938-5. p. 48
- "Education in Nazi Germany", Lisa Pine. Berg, 2011. ISBN 1-84520-264-3, ISBN 978-1-84520-264-4. p. 121
- "Auch Du gehörst dem Führer": die Geschichte des Bundes Deutscher Mädel (BDM) in Quellen und Dokumenten
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