|Motto: Pride in our Past, Faith in our Future|
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut
|Settled||1639 as Stratford|
|Incorporated||1797 as Trumbull|
|• Type||First selectman-Town council|
|• First selectman||Timothy M. Herbst|
|• Total||23.5 sq mi (60.9 km2)|
|• Land||23.3 sq mi (60.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||266 ft (81 m)|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (590/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||203, 475|
|GNIS feature ID||0213518|
Trumbull is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut bordered by the towns of Monroe, Shelton, Stratford, Bridgeport, Fairfield and Easton along Connecticut's Gold Coast. The population was 36,018 according to the 2010 census.
Family Circle magazine selected Trumbull as the 7th "Best Town for Families" in the US, and U.S. News & World Report magazine ranked Trumbull as one of the top 15 "Best Places to Retire" in Connecticut. Money magazine ranked Trumbull #68 in their 100 best places to live rankings of U.S. cities in 2007 and #77 in 2009. In 2013, Trumbull was ranked the top "booming suburb" in Connecticut by Coldwell Banker.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Neighborhoods
- 4 Roads
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Notable locations
- 7 Notable people, past and present
- 8 Economics
- 9 Commerce
- 10 Economic Development
- 11 Taxes
- 12 Education
- 13 Emergency services
- 14 Accolades
- 15 Notable sport teams
- 16 Activities and organizations
- 17 Media
- 18 See also
- 19 Sister cities
- 20 Notes
- 21 References
- 22 External links
Trumbull was settled in 1639 entirely as a part of the town of Stratford, Connecticut, and remained under their control until 1797. The northwest farmers of Stratford first petitioned the Colony of Connecticut to establish their own separate village apart from Stratford in May 1725. The farmers wished to call their village Nickol's Farms, after the family that owned the large farm in its center at the time. A separate village was approved in October 1725 and named Unity.
In 1744, Unity merged with the village of Long Hill (organized in 1740), of the Stratfield section of Stratford, to form the Society of North Stratford. North Stratford controlled its own religious and educational affairs. However, to have a voice in governmental functions, such as adopting laws and establishing taxes, the inhabitants were required to attend town meetings in Stratford, an overnight journey for some.
After ten years of unsuccessful petitions, the Connecticut General Assembly granted complete town rights in October 1797. The new town was named for George Washington's staunch supporter, Revolutionary War Governor, patriot, statesman and merchant, Jonathan Trumbull (1710–1785).
Bodies of water
The Pequonnock River is the only major waterway in Trumbull, beginning northwest of Old Mine Park at the Monroe border and flowing southeasterly through the Pequonnock River Valley State Park, Trumbull Center and Twin Brooks Park. The river leaves Trumbull and continues into Beardsley Park in Bridgeport.
Major bodies of water include Canoe Brook Lake, Pinewood Lake, Tashua Hills Golf Club Pond, and the six Twin Brooks Park ponds. Minor bodies of water include Dogwood Lake, Frog Pond, Kaatz Pond, Kaechele Pond, Porters Pond, Secret Pond, Thrush Wood Lake and Unity Park Pond.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.5 square miles (61 km2), of which 23.3 square miles (60 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), or 0.98%, is water. According to the U.S. Geological Survey in 1986, the lowest point in town is approximately 40 feet (12 m) above sea level at Beach Park. The highest point is the top of Tashua Hill at 615 feet (187 m) above sea level.
Trumbull has 871.23 acres (3.5257 km2) of park facilities. These areas include:
- Abraham Nichols Park/Wood's Estate (13.8 acres (56,000 m2))
- Aldo Memorial Park (Westwind Road) (7.0 acres (28,000 m2))
- Robert G. Beach Memorial Park (331.0 acres (1.340 km2))
- Davidow Park (15.2 acres (62,000 m2))
- Great Oak Park (69.9 acres (283,000 m2))
- Gunther Pond Park (1.3 acres (5,300 m2))
- Indian Ledge Park (104.6 acres (0.423 km2))
- Island Brook Park (47.0 acres (190,000 m2))
- Kaatz Pond Park ( 17.5 acres (71,000 m2))
- Kaechele Soccer Fields (12.23 acres (49,500 m2))
- Long Hill Green (0.1-acre (400 m2))
- Middlebrooks Park (13.7 acres (55,000 m2))
- Mischee Brook Park (16.6 acres (67,000 m2))
- Nothnagle Memorial Field (4.0 acres (16,000 m2))
- Old Mine Park (Historic Mine Area Dedication) (72.1 acres (292,000 m2))
- Parlor Rock Historic Amusement Area (2.5 acres (10,000 m2))
- Strawberry Brook Estates (4.4 acres (18,000 m2))
- Tashua Recreation Area (20 acres (81,000 m2))
- Twin Brooks Park (83.2 acres (337,000 m2))
- Unity Park (35.1 acres (142,000 m2))
- Current Superintendent of Parks is Dmitri Paris.
- State parks
The town of Trumbull, the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and the Bridgeport Hydraulic Company agreed to make a joint Town and State purchase of land in the Pequonnock River Valley in 1989. The 382-acre (155 ha) parcel cost $9,275,000 and is maintained by the Department of Environmental Protection.
- Route 8 runs through the southeast part of town. Route 8 is a freeway that leads to Waterbury and Interstate 84, continues into Massachusetts as Massachusetts Route 8 and finally terminates in Searsburg, Vermont. Nichols residents petitioned the legislature and won a bypass for Route 8 which was initially proposed to be built directly through the center of the historic village in the early 1900s.
- Route 15, the historic Merritt Parkway, runs north (east) to New Haven (eventually connecting to Interstate 91) and south (west) towards New York City. Route 15 was built through Nichols center displacing a home, the old Nichols Store and Trinity Episcopal Church in 1939.
- Route 25 runs north to south, merging with Route 8 at the Bridgeport line and continues overlapped with Route 8 (commonly known as the Route 8/25 connector) into Bridgeport ending at Interstate 95. Continuing north on Route 25, the freeway ends as it crosses Route 111 and continues as a surface road towards I-84 in Newtown leading to Danbury.
- Route 108, also known as Nichols Avenue and Huntington Turnpike, heads north into Trumbull from Stratford at Hawley Lane. The Nichols Avenue portion in Trumbull was completed in 1696, making it the third oldest documented highway in Connecticut. It terminates in Shelton at the intersection with Route 110 (Howe Avenue). Route 108 can be reached via exit 52 from Route 15 or exit 8 from Route 8.
- Route 111, also known as Main Street, begins at the intersection of Route 15 (exit 48) at the North End of Bridgeport. In 1801, the road connecting Bridgeport to Newtown was called the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike. From 1826 to 1852, the road from Trumbull to Stevenson was chartered as a turnpike and called the Monroe and Zoar Bridge Turnpike. Route 111 terminates at Route 34 in Monroe.
- Route 127, also known as White Plains Road and Church Hill Road, runs through the town center from south to north from the East Side of Bridgeport. The section in Trumbull was laid out to Pulpit Rock in 1705. Route 127 ends at the intersection of Main Street (Route 111) at the Town Hall.
As of the census of 2000, there were 34,243 people, 11,911 households, and 9,707 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,470.6 people per square mile (567.7/km²). There were 12,160 housing units at an average density of 522.2 per square mile (201.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.02% White, 1.88% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.70% of the population.
There were 11,911 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living within them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
As of the 2000 census, males had a median income of $62,201 versus $41,384 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,931. About 1.4% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those over age 65.
- 2008 estimates
According to the American Community Survey (ACS) 2008 estimate there were 37,134 people, 12,338 households, and 10,021 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,593.73 people per square mile. There were 12,651 housing units (93% ownership, 7% rental) with an average density of 542.9 per square mile.
There were 12,338 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living within them, 69% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.8% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the town the population includes 25.5% under the age of 18 and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $103,082, and the median income for a family was $115,686.The per capita income for the town was $46,307. About 1.7% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those over age 65.
The racial makeup of the town was 92.0% White, 4.1% Asian, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.5% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% of the population. The ten largest ethnicities were Italian 11,025 (29.70%), Irish 9,166 (24.70%), German 4,363 (11.70%), English 3,112 (8.40%), Polish 2,762 (7.40%), Russian 1,558 (4.20%), Hungarian 1,447 (3.90%), French (except Basque) 1,087 (2.90%), Portuguese 885 (2.40%), & Slovak 881 (2.40%).
- Bicentennial fountain and time capsule
The town's Bicentennial fountain is located at the corner of Quality Street and Church Hill Road (Connecticut Route 127), near the main branch of the library and the town hall. It features the Trumbull town seal and a memorial plaque of donors. In 1997 a time capsule was laid at the base of the Bicentennial Fountain with an opening date of October 12, 2097, Trumbull's tricentennial.
On the National Register of Historic Places
- Christ Episcopal Church and Tashua Burial Ground — 5170 Madison Ave. (added May 25, 2001)
- David Mallett Jr. House — 420 Tashua Road (added March 20, 1986)
- Kaatz Icehouse — 255 Whitney Ave. (added October 19, 1977), demolished
- Nichols Farms Historic District — Center Road, 1681–1944 Huntington Turnpike, 5–34 Priscilla Place, and 30-172 Shelton Road (added September 20, 1987)
- Old Mine Park Archeological Site (added 1990)
Notable people, past and present
- Dick Allen (b. 1939), American poet and present poet laureate of the state of Connecticut.
- John W. Beach (b. 1825), seventh President of Wesleyan University
- James Beebe (1717–1785), Reverend at Unity Parish between 1747 and 1785, Army Preacher in the French and Indian War and patriot.
- Truman Bradley (1826–1900), American Indian from the Schaghticoke tribe.
- Craig Breslow, professional baseball player (pitcher) Oakland Athletics and Boston Red Sox, 1998 Trumbull High School graduate.
- P. W. Catanese, author of the Books of Umber and Further Tales Adventures series
- Joseph DiMenna, hedge-fund manager and patron of the arts.
- Nancy DiNardo, Chairwoman of the Democratic Party of Connecticut.
- Chris Drury, professional hockey player New York Rangers (forward), Stanley Cup winner Colorado Avalanche, 2-time Olympic silver medalist and member of 1989 Little League World Series champions from Trumbull.
- Will Geer, (1902–78), actor and folklorist
- Nero Hawley, (1742–1817), Negro slave, served in the Continental Army earning his freedom.
- Robert Hawley, (1729–1799), Captain North Stratford Train Band in the American Revolutionary War.
- Carolyn Hax (b. 1966), writer and columnist for the Washington Post and the author of the advice column "Tell Me About It," born in Bridgeport and grew up in Trumbull.
- Tony Horton, actor, bodybuilder and creator of p90x home fitness program.
- Harvey Hubbell (1857–1927), inventor.
- Joseph Judson (1619-1690), early settler, militia officer and local official who negotiated the purchase of Long Hill from the Paugussett Indians.
- Burt Kearns, television and motion picture writer and producer, journalist and Tabloid Baby author.
- Lisa Lampanelli, comedian, actress and writer.
- January LaVoy, Broadway and television actress most recognized as Noelle Ortiz on the ABC daytime drama One Life to Live.
- Mark Longwell, All-New England soccer player at Fairfield University competed for the United States men's national soccer team and Tampa Bay Rowdies, a 1977 Trumbull High School graduate.
- Manya Makoski, professional soccer player (Los Angeles Sol) and three-time state champion.
- Wayne Norman, morning radio host at WILI-AM, Willimantic, CT since 1970, radio announcer of University of Connecticut basketball and football, and author (Hoop Tales: UConn Huskies Men's Basketball). Graduated Trumbull High in 1966.
- Henry E. Pardee (1831–89), New Haven lawyer and judge
- Igor Sikorsky (1889–1972), aviation pioneer and helicopter inventor.
- Benjamin Silliman (1779–1864), first professor of science at Yale and first to distill petroleum.
- Chris Soule, Olympic skeleton (sport) athlete.
The revised town budget for 2009–2010 is $140,054,187.23.
- Corporate and industrial parks
Located northeast of the Hawley Lane Mall, 93,000 square feet (8,600 m2) of commercial space is zone and includes offices for large firms such as Helicopter Support, Sun Products, Unilever, and United Healthcare. It is also home to the Market Integrity office of the NASDAQ OMX Group.
- Planning and Zoning Regulations
Professional Office Overlay Zones (formerly Design Districts) have been established on certain areas along White Plains Road (Route 127), Church Hill Road and Main Street (Route 111). A combination Business Commercial Multi-Family Residential Zone, or Mixed-use, has been created around the historic Long Hill Green (dating to 1720), to encourage new commercial development. Adaptive reuse has been adopted to permit the renovation and reuse of all antique structures situated on state numbered roads which have been previously occupied by a non-conforming use or are of historic value to the town and for which uses allowed by the existing zones are no longer viable - resulting in structures that may become badly maintained, under-utilized, vacant or demolished by neglect.
- Blight Ordinance
The town amended its Municipal Code effective on October 1, 2012 to establish a Blight Prevention Ordinance pursuant to Section 7-148(c) (7) (H) (xv) of the Municipal Powers Act of the State of Connecticut General Statutes. This new ordinance encourages the rehabilitation of blighted premises by prohibiting any owner(s), or occupant(s) of real property from; allowing, creating, maintaining or causing the creation or maintenance of a blighted premises.
The town's grand list assesses the taxable value in Trumbull at $5.114 billion, with a mill rate of 30.71 percent. The cumulative value of Trumbull real estate is $4.615 billion.
- Public education
Public schools are managed by the Trumbull Public Schools System and include approximately 6,955 students, 450 teachers and 240 staff. The district has been ranked 18th (of 164) in Connecticut by the National Center for Education Statistics.
The system includes Trumbull High School, which is also home to an Agriscience & Biotechnology program, the Alternative High School, and REACH. Trumbull has two middle schools: Hillcrest Middle School and Madison Middle School. The six elementary schools in town include Booth Hill Elementary, Daniels Farm Elementary, Frenchtown Elementary, Jane Ryan Elementary School, Middlebrook Elementary, and Tashua Elementary. The Trumbull Early Childhood Education Center serves as the town's pre-school.
- Private education
Trumbull has several private schools, including the (non-denominational) Christian Heritage School (K-12) and (Catholic) St. Catherine of Siena School (K-8), St. Joseph High School, and St. Theresa School (K-8). A private pre-school, the Montessori Center for Early Learning, is located in Trumbull.
- Continuing education
Trumbull provides adult education in a variety of subjects at Trumbull High School, typically in the early evening.
- Emergency Medical Services
Trumbull EMS is an all-volunteer organization founded in 1976. Trumbull EMS Headquarters is at 250 Middlebrooks Avenue. EMT-B and EMT re-certification classes are regularly offered.
- Fire departments
Firefighting in the town of Trumbull is served by three independent and all-volunteer fire departments. Each fire department handles its own tax structure and fund raising, but receives no funding from the town. There are a total of seven fire stations, equipped with and an apparatus fleet of nine engines, three trucks (including one ladder tender/air truck), one quint, three rescues, one squad engine, one satellite maxi-water unit, one fire boat, one town-wide command trailer, five utility units, and numerous support units. The current Town Fire Marshal is Megan Murphy.
- Long Hill Fire District (since 1921)
- Nichols Fire District (since 1917)
- Trumbull Center Fire District (since 1925)
Fire station locations and apparatus
|Fire Station||Engine||Ladder||Rescue||Special Unit||Address||Neighborhood|
|Trumbull Center Fire Station # 1||Engine 103||Tower Ladder 104||Rescue 100||Service 108(Dive Unit), Service 109(Utility Unit), Marine 1, Mobile Incident Command Trailer||860 White Plains Rd.||White Plains|
|Trumbull Center Fire Station # 2||Engine 101, Engine 102||Service 107(Utility Unit)||980 Daniels Farm Rd.||Daniels Farm|
|Long Hill Fire Station # 1||Engine 206||Rescue 200||Satellite 203||6315 Main St.||Long Hill|
|Long Hill Fire Station # 2||Engine 201, Engine 205||Ladder Tower 204||5404 Main St.||Town Center|
|Long Hill Fire Station # 3||Squad 209||Truck 208(Utility Unit)||4229 Madison Ave.||Madison|
|Nichols Fire Station # 1||Engine 301||Rescue 300||Truck 304(Air/Light Unit)||100 Shelton Rd.||Nichols|
|Nichols Fire Station # 2||Engine 302||Quint 303||Service 307(Utility Unit)||548 Booth Hill Rd.||Booth Hill|
- Police department
The Trumbull Police Department was created in 1941 through an act of the State Legislature. It is under the jurisdiction of a six-member Board of Police Commissioners appointed by the First Selectman. The department currently has seventy officers and ten civilian workers, including the dog warden. The current Chief of Police is Thomas Kiely. The police department is located at 158 Edison Road. The 2009–2010 revised departmental budget is $6,819,421.00.
Family Circle magazine has ranked Trumbull 7th in their "10 Best Towns for Families" 2011. U.S. News & World Report magazine has ranked Trumbull one of the best 15 places to retire in Connecticut. RelocateAmerica.com ranked Trumbull in their annual list of America's "Top 100 Places to Live". Money magazine ranked Trumbull #68 in their 100 best places to live rankings of U.S. cities in 2007 and #77 in 2009.
Notable sport teams
Activities and organizations
- The Nichols Improvement Association or N.I.A., was founded in 1889 and has 47 acres (0.19 km2) of open space. Its gazebo is used for wedding pictures, social gatherings and for the sale of Christmas trees.
- Tashua Recreation Facility, at 268 acres (1.08 km2) in size, includes basketball, tennis courts, swimming pool, playground, picnic area, multi-purpose field and Tashua Knolls, an 18-hole golf course built in 1976 and designed by noted golf architect Al Zikorus. The course features a driving range, two putting greens, pro shop, locker rooms, Eagle's Nest Grille restaurant and banquet facility. There is also Tashua Glen, a 9-hole "Executive style" course opened in 2004. Both courses feature cart paths. There is a Men's Club, Senior Men's Club, Ladies 9-holer, and Ladies 18-holer organizations active at the course.
- The Trumbull Community Women is a group dedicated to promoting civic service. It is open to all women over 18, and runs a Young Women's Club as well. They meet at the Trumbull Library Community Room, generally on the first Tuesday of the month September through June.
- The Town Hall Gazebo is host to concerts most summer Tuesday nights.
- The Trumbull Historical Society, founded in 1964, maintains a museum of Trumbull's past at 1856 Huntington Turnpike on the site of Abraham Nichols farm.
- The Trumbull Nature & Arts Center is located at 7115 Main Street and coordinate trips for fishing, butterfly searches, gardening, outdoor photography and other nature related activities.
- The Trumbull Teen Center is located at the barn at Indian Ledge Park and features activities such as air hockey, Foosball, local band concerts, ping pong and basketball for Trumbull resident's 
- Trumbull's Senior Center is located at 23 Priscilla Place. The senior transportation department continues to provide effective door-to-door services to seniors age 60 and over without transportation or unable to drive. Services include doctor’ s appointments, shopping, nutrition program, dentist appointments and legal appointments. It provides a variety of resources such as Continuing Education and Social Services as well as activities.
The Trumbull Library System (TLS) is the town's main lending library with a staff of fifteen and two locations. The library features online book searches & renewal, statewide inter-library loan, adult & youth sections, and several meeting rooms. Internet terminals and photocopy machines are also available for use. Various groups utilize the library for meetings and workshops. The catalog of the library includes over 148,000 printed materials, 10,000 video materials, 4,500 audio materials and 200 subscriptions available as audio books on CD/tape/MP3, books, DVD's, graphic novels, magazines, music CD's, and VHS tapes. Annual circulation exceeds 373,000 transactions.
There are two branches of the library:
- The Trumbull Library (main branch) is adjacent to Town Hall at 33 Quality Street.
- The Fairchild-Nichols Memorial Library is located at 1718 Huntington Turnpike.
- Places of worship
The town of Trumbull features over twenty houses of worship representing numerous faiths.
- Armenian Church Of The Holy Ascension – Armenian Apostolic Church
- Calvary Evangelical Free Church – Non-denominational Christian
- Christ Church Tashua, Episcopal Church – Episcopal
- Christ the King Parish – Roman Catholic
- Christ Redeemer Lutheran Church – Lutheran
- Congregation B'Nai Torah – Jewish
- Crossroads Community Church – Non-denominational Christian
- Grace Episcopal Church – Episcopal
- Holy Cross Lutheran Church – Lutheran
- Holy Trinity Lutheran Church – Lutheran
- Long Hill Baptist Church – Baptist
- Long Hill United Methodist Church – United Methodist
- New Life Assembly Of God Church World – Assemblies of God
- Nichols United Methodist Church – United Methodist
- Saint Catherine Of Siena Parish – Roman Catholic
- Saint George Albanian Orthodox Church – Eastern Orthodox Church
- Saint Stephen Parish – Roman Catholic
- Saint Theresa Parish – Roman Catholic
- Trinity Episcopal Church – Episcopal
- Trumbull Church of Christ – Church of Christ
- Trumbull Congregational Church – Congregationalist
- Unity Hill United Church Of Christ – Church of Christ
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, located on Bonnieview Dr., across from the Westfield Trumbull Mall
Trumbull is served by the following local media outlets:
- Trumbull Community Television, is available via Charter Cable on channel 17 and via AT&T U-verse on channel 99. The Educational-access television cable TV station's programming features coverage of school events and programs, Government-access television (GATV) provides coverage of all town government commissions, boards and legislative meetings. It also provides emergency announcements, community information and announcements regarding town services.
- Public-access television is available via Charter Cable Community Vision 21.
- The Trumbull Times is the local community newspaper, published weekly on Thursdays.
- Movies filmed (or partially filmed) in Trumbull
- Isn't it Delicious?, Independent film (2011)
- A Dance for Grace (2010)
- Revolutionary Road (2008)
- Oprah Winfrey presents For One More Day which aired on ABC in December 2007
- Ephraim Hawley House
- Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation
- Gregory's Four Corners Burial Ground
- Little League World Series Trumbull 1989 World Champions
- Nichols Farms Historic District
- Unity Burial Ground
- University of Connecticut Fall 2008 Economic Review
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- Reverend Orcutt, History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut, Fairfield Historical Society, 1886
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- Henry Phelps Johnston, The Yorktown Campaign and the Surrender of Cornwallis, 1781, Ayer Publishing, 1971
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- The USGenWeb Project, Fairfield County