Truro, Nova Scotia

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Truro
Town
Flag of Truro
Flag
Official seal of Truro
Seal
Nickname(s): Hub of Nova Scotia
Motto: Begun In Faith, Continued In Determination
Truro is located in Nova Scotia
Truro
Truro
Location within Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°21′53″N 63°16′48″W / 45.36472°N 63.28000°W / 45.36472; -63.28000Coordinates: 45°21′53″N 63°16′48″W / 45.36472°N 63.28000°W / 45.36472; -63.28000
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Colchester County
Founded 1759
Incorporated May 6, 1875
Government
 • Mayor W.R. (Bill) Mills
 • MLA Lenore Zann (NDP)
 • MP Scott Armstrong (C)
Area
 • Total 37.63 km2 (14.53 sq mi)
Elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 12,059
 • Density 320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code span B2N
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchanges 305, 843, 890, 893, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 956, 957, 986
Median household income (2005) $37,056
Total private dwellings 6,262
NTS Map 011E06
GNBC Code CBMKT
Website truro.ca

Truro is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. Truro is the shire town of Colchester County and is located on the south side of the Salmon River floodplain, close to the river's mouth at the eastern end of Cobequid Bay.

History[edit]

The Mi'kmaq name for the Truro area, "Wagobagitik" meaning "end of the water's flow", was shortened by Acadian settlers to "Cobequid" who arrived in the area in the early 1700s and by 1727 had established a small village near the present downtown site of Truro known as "Vil Bois Brule" (Village in the burnt wood).[2] Many Acadians in this region left in the Acadian Exodus which preceded the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, the town was resettled in 1761 by Presbyterians of predominantly Ulster Scottish origin who came from Ireland via New England. It is named after the city of Truro in Cornwall, England.

Truro, Nova Scotia's John W. (Jack) Fraser "Chief of Police" 1888 - 1953 commemorated in a tree sculpture

Originally a small farming community, the construction of the Nova Scotia Railway between Halifax, and Pictou in 1858 caused the municipality to experience a fast rate of growth which increased even more when the railway connected to central Canada in 1872 and became the Intercolonial Railway. The Intercolonial, which later became the Canadian National Railway built a large roundhouse and rail yard in Truro. Further rail links to Cape Breton and to the Annapolis Valley through the Dominion Atlantic Railway in 1905 made the town even more a transportation hub for Nova Scotia. The railway also attracted industries such as the Truro Woolen Mills in 1870 (which later became Stanfield's) and provincial institutions like the provincial Normal School (later the Nova Scotia Teachers College) and the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. The town officially incorporated in 1875. Many figures from the town's past are featured in over 40 tree sculptures which were carved in tree trunks after Truro lost most of its Elm trees to Dutch Elm Disease in the 1990s.[3] The history of the town and surrounding county is preserved at the Colchester Historical Museum (c.1900-1901) in Truro is on the Canadian Register of Historic Places.[4]

Infrastructure[edit]

Truro railyards at the junction of the CN & CB&CNSR lines, 2006.

Truro is known as the Hub of Nova Scotia as it is located at the junction between the Canadian National Railway, running between Halifax and Montreal, and the Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway, running between Truro and Sydney. Until the 1980s, Truro also hosted a junction between the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railway's former Dominion Atlantic Railway line running through Windsor and down the Annapolis Valley to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.

An important highway interchange is located just north of Truro in the rural community of Onslow where Highway 102 ends at Highway 104 - both four lane expressways. Secondary roads Trunk 2 and Trunk 4 intersect in the town. Important tertiary roads Route 236 and Route 311 end in the nearby communities of Lower Truro and Onslow respectively. Some of these roads also form part of the Glooscap Trail which is a scenic drive for tourists.

Nova Scotia Power has several transmission line corridors in or near Truro; additionally Bell Aliant, EastLink and 360networks route most of the major telephone and data communications lines in the province through the town.

Education[edit]

Truro has two public high schools, Cobequid Educational Centre and the francophone École acadienne de Truro. Post-secondary options include a campus of the Nova Scotia Community College, and The Institute of Human Services Education, as well as the Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University in the neighboring town of Bible Hill.

Sports[edit]

Truro has two ice hockey rinks. Truro is home to the Truro Bearcats, a Junior "A" ice hockey team who are two time MJAHL Champions. (Canadian) Football is also a popular sport in the town with all games being played on Friday night at the Truro Amateur Athletic Club (TAAC) grounds. Truro Raceway conducts harness races every Sunday. Truro is also home to a rugby club, which hosts the World Indoor Sevens Rugby Championships.
Truro enjoys a vibrant soccer scene centred about the local "CC Riders" soccer club which serves "Tier2" soccer for both genders and all ages. Outdoor soccer takes place between May and October and indoor 7-a-side and pickup games run through the winter months.
Finally, there is also curling, bowling, swimming, softball, baseball, tennis, golfing, martial arts, snowboarding, snowshoeing, basketball, volleyball, skiing and most everything else either at school and/or local club level.

Notable people[edit]

Alexander Forrester Monument by John A. Wilson (c.1923), NSCC, Truro, Nova Scotia

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Truro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
20.0
(68)
23.0
(73.4)
30.0
(86)
33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
33.0
(91.4)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
33.5
(92.3)
Average high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.1
(37.6)
8.8
(47.8)
15.6
(60.1)
20.7
(69.3)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
19.2
(66.6)
12.9
(55.2)
7.0
(44.6)
1.3
(34.3)
11.1
(52)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.9
(39)
9.8
(49.6)
14.7
(58.5)
18.4
(65.1)
17.8
(64)
13.4
(56.1)
7.7
(45.9)
2.8
(37)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.8
(42.4)
Average low °C (°F) −12.3
(9.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.8
(38.8)
8.7
(47.7)
12.7
(54.9)
12.1
(53.8)
7.7
(45.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
0.5
(32.9)
Record low °C (°F) −32.0
(−25.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−2.8
(27)
2.8
(37)
0.0
(32)
−3.3
(26.1)
−10.0
(14)
−16.0
(3.2)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 117.4
(4.622)
91.7
(3.61)
107.0
(4.213)
84.5
(3.327)
93.7
(3.689)
85.1
(3.35)
89.8
(3.535)
85.4
(3.362)
101.3
(3.988)
105.9
(4.169)
114.7
(4.516)
125.5
(4.941)
1,202.1
(47.327)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 81.7 101.0 117.5 139.6 189.7 208.0 223.3 212.9 148.3 122.2 78.7 64.3 1,687.1
Source: Environment Canada[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1762 120 —    
1881 3,461 +2784.2%
1891 5,012 +44.8%
1901 5,993 +19.6%
1911 6,017 +0.4%
1921 7,592 +26.2%
1931 7,901 +4.1%
1941 10,272 +30.0%
1951 10,756 +4.7%
1961 12,421 +15.5%
1981 12,552 +1.1%
1986 12,124 −3.4%
1991 11,683 −3.6%
1996 11,938 +2.2%
2001 11,457 −4.0%
2006 11,765 +2.7%
2011 12,059 +2.5%
[7][8][9][10][11][12]
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[13]
South Asian 100 0.9%
Chinese 50 0.4%
Black 445 3.9%
Filipino 0 0%
Latin American 10 0.1%
Arab 15 0.1%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 10 0.1%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 10 0.1%
Total visible minority population 645 5.7%
Aboriginal group
Source:[14]
First Nations 80 0.7%
Métis 30 0.3%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 130 1.1%
White 10,635 93.2%
Total population 11,410 100%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision
  2. ^ "Truro", Places and Placenames of Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management, pp. 683-684
  3. ^ "Tree Sculpture Committee", Town of Truro
  4. ^ Colchester Historical Museum, Canadian Register of Historic Places, Retrieved November 17, 2010.
  5. ^ NS Sports Hall of Fame
  6. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 5 July 2012
  7. ^ 1762 Census
  8. ^ [1], Censuses 1871-1931
  9. ^ [2], Census 1941-1951
  10. ^ [3], Census 1961
  11. ^ [4], Censuses 1981-2001
  12. ^ [5], Census 2006
  13. ^ [6], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  14. ^ [7], Aboriginal Peoples - Data table

External links[edit]

Media related to Truro, Nova Scotia at Wikimedia Commons