Truro, Nova Scotia
|— Town —|
|Nickname(s): Hub of Nova Scotia|
|Motto: Begun In Faith, Continued In Determination|
|Incorporated||May 6, 1875|
|• Mayor||W.R. (Bill) Mills|
|• MLA||Lenore Zann (NDP)|
|• MP||Scott Armstrong (C)|
|• Total||37.63 km2 (14.53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||19 m (62 ft)|
|• Density||320/km2 ( 830/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|Postal code span||B2N|
|Telephone Exchanges||305, 843, 890, 893, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 956, 957, 986|
|Median household income (2005)||$37,056|
|Total private dwellings||6,262|
Truro is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. Truro is the shire town of Colchester County and is located on the south side of the Salmon River floodplain, close to the river's mouth at the eastern end of Cobequid Bay.
The Mi'kmaq name for the Truro area, "Wagobagitik" meaning "end of the water's flow", was shortened by Acadian settlers to "Cobequid" who arrived in the area in the early 1700s and by 1727 had established a small village near the present downtown site of Truro known as "Vil Bois Brule" (Village in the burnt wood). Many Acadians in this region left in the Acadian Exodus which preceded the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, the town was resettled in 1761 by Presbyterians of predominantly Ulster Scottish origin who came from Ireland via New England. It is named after the city of Truro in Cornwall, England.
Originally a small farming community, the construction of the Nova Scotia Railway between Halifax, and Pictou in 1858 caused the municipality to experience a fast rate of growth which increased even more when the railway connected to central Canada in 1872 and became the Intercolonial Railway. The Intercolonial, which later became the Canadian National Railway built a large roundhouse and rail yard in Truro. Further rail links to Cape Breton and to the Annapolis Valley through the Dominion Atlantic Railway in 1905 made the town even more a transportation hub for Nova Scotia. The railway also attracted industries such as the Truro Woolen Mills in 1870 (which later became Stanfield's) and provincial institutions like the provincial Normal School (later the Nova Scotia Teachers College) and the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. The town officially incorporated in 1875. Many figures from the town's past are featured in over 40 tree sculptures which were carved in tree trunks after Truro lost most of its Elm trees to Dutch Elm Disease in the 1990s. The history of the town and surrounding county is preserved at the Colchester Historical Museum (c.1900-1901) in Truro is on the Canadian Register of Historic Places.
Truro is known as the Hub of Nova Scotia as it is located at the junction between the Canadian National Railway, running between Halifax and Montreal, and the Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway, running between Truro and Sydney. Until the 1980s, Truro also hosted a junction between the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railway's former Dominion Atlantic Railway line running through Windsor and down the Annapolis Valley to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.
An important highway interchange is located just north of Truro in the rural community of Onslow where Highway 102 ends at Highway 104 - both four lane expressways. Secondary roads Trunk 2 and Trunk 4 intersect in the town. Important tertiary roads Route 236 and Route 311 end in the nearby communities of Lower Truro and Onslow respectively. Some of these roads also form part of the Glooscap Trail which is a scenic drive for tourists.
Nova Scotia Power has several transmission line corridors in or near Truro; additionally Bell Aliant, EastLink and 360networks route most of the major telephone and data communications lines in the province through the town.
Truro has two public high schools, Cobequid Educational Centre and the francophone École acadienne de Truro. Post-secondary options include a campus of the Nova Scotia Community College, and The Institute of Human Services Education, as well as the Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University in the neighboring town of Bible Hill.
Truro has two ice hockey rinks. Truro is home to the Truro Bearcats, a Junior "A" ice hockey team who are two time MJAHL Champions. (Canadian) Football is also a popular sport in the town with all games being played on Friday night at the Truro Amateur Athletic Club (TAAC) grounds. Truro Raceway conducts harness races every Sunday. Truro is also home to a rugby club, which hosts the World Indoor Sevens Rugby Championships.
Truro enjoys a vibrant soccer scene centred about the local "CC Riders" soccer club which serves "Tier2" soccer for both genders and all ages. Outdoor soccer takes place between May and October and indoor 7-a-side and pickup games run through the winter months.
Finally, there is also curling, bowling, swimming, softball, baseball, tennis, golfing, martial arts, snowboarding, snowshoeing, basketball, volleyball, skiing and most everything else either at school and/or local club level.
Notable natives and residents of Truro 
- Sir Adams George Archibald, Father of Confederation
- Lyman Archibald, member of The First Team
- Nora Bernard, Mi'kmaq activist
- Cory Bowles, actor/dancer/musician
- Lyle Carter, retired National Hockey League goaltender (originally from Brookfield)
- Bob Champoux, retired National Hockey League goaltender
- Glenn V. Davidson, Retired Naval Officer. Recipient of an Honorary Doctorate of Civil Laws from University Kings College.
- Martin Henry Dawson, led pioneering research into DNA and penicillin, found the cure for Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
- Fred Dickson, Harper appointed member of the Senate of Canada (originally from Glace Bay)
- Art Dorrington, first Black hockey player to sign an NHL contract
- Jeff Douglas, actor (Joe of I Am Canadian) and broadcast presenter
- Alexander Forrester, educator
- John Gray, playwright
- A. J. B. Johnston, historian and novelist
- Burnley "Rocky" Jones, political activist
- Jeremiah "Jerry" Jones, soldier
- Chet Koneczny, professional lacrosse player
- Lewis MacKenzie, retired Major-General
- Sandy MacKenzie, professional (ice) hockey player
- Leo McKay, Jr., Novelist
- Justin Palardy, professional Canadian football player
- Doug Rogers, Olympian and flag bearer for Canada at the 1972 Olympics.
- Zach Sill, professional (ice) hockey player
- George Isaac Smith, 18th Premier of Nova Scotia (1967-1970); Trudeau appointed member of the Senate of Canada (originally from Stewiacke, Nova Scotia)
- Barry Stagg, singer-songwriter/playwright/musician
- Robert Stanfield, politician
- Bill White, composer/politician/social activist
- Jack White, labour union activist / politician
- Portia White, singer
- William A. White, church minister and father to Bill, Jack and Portia
- Lenore Zann, actress and politician
|Climate data for Truro|
|Record high °C (°F)||16.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−1.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−12.3
|Record low °C (°F)||−32.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||117.4
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||81.7||101.0||117.5||139.6||189.7||208.0||223.3||212.9||148.3||122.2||78.7||64.3||1,687.1|
|Source: Environment Canada|
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||0||0%|
|Mixed visible minority||10||0.1%|
|Total visible minority population||645||5.7%|
|Total Aboriginal population||130||1.1%|
See also 
- Central Nova Tourist Association — Tourism association representing Cumberland County and Colchester County, including Truro.
- 2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision
- "Truro", Places and Placenames of Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management, pp. 683-684
- "Tree Sculpture Committee", Town of Truro
- Colchester Historical Museum, Canadian Register of Historic Places, Retrieved November 17, 2010.
- NS Sports Hall of Fame
- Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 5 July 2012
- 1762 Census
- , Censuses 1871-1931
- , Census 1941-1951
- , Census 1961
- , Censuses 1981-2001
- , Census 2006
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
- , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Truro, Nova Scotia|
- TruroNS.com (Your Truro information website)
- Town of Truro (official website)
- Central Nova Tourist Association (official website)
- Downtown Truro Partnership
- Truro Daily News