Truro and St Austell (UK Parliament constituency)
|Truro and St Austell|
|Former County constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Truro and St Austell in Cornwall for the 2005 general election.
Location of Cornwall within England.
|Major settlements||Truro and St Austell|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Truro and Falmouth, St Austell and Newquay|
Truro and St Austell was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Cornwall, the Boundary Commission for England created an extra seat for the county which meant consequential changes for the existing seats. Truro and St Austell was disbanded, and was partly succeeded by St Austell and Newquay.
The constituency has existed in a number of different forms. The Truro constituency, up until 1885 elected two members to parliament; this was reduced to one. In 1918 the constituency was abolished but it was recreated again in 1950.
In 1997, in spite of the fact that no boundary changes were made to Truro on that occasion, the Boundary Commission nonetheless saw fit to change its name to Truro and St. Austell, reflecting the fact that St Austell has a larger population than Truro. The Truro seat became a safe Liberal seat due to the popularity of its former MP, David Penhaligon. He died in a car crash in 1986, aged 42 and was succeeded at a by-election the following year by Matthew Taylor, who held the seat comfortably until his retirement, and the constituency's abolition, in 2010.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Matthew Taylor||Liberal Democrat|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Truro and Falmouth
and St Austell and Newquay
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Truro and St Austell|
|Liberal Democrat||Matthew Taylor||24,089||46.7||-1.6|
|Mebyon Kernow||Conan Jenkin||1,062||2.1||-0.2|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-0.8|
|General Election 2001: Truro and St Austell|
|Liberal Democrat||Matthew Taylor||24,296||48.3||-0.2|
|Conservative||Timothy Peter Carleton Bonner||16,231||32.3||+5.8|
|Labour||David Mervyn Phillips||6,889||13.7||-1.6|
|UKIP||James Alan Wonnacott||1,664||3.3||+2.3|
|Mebyon Kernow||Conan James Trevenen Jenkin||1,137||2.3||+1.5|
|Independent||John Willis Lee||78||0.2||-0.3|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-3.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Truro and St Austell|
|Liberal Democrat||Matthew Taylor||27,502||48.5|
|Referendum Party||Carl Hearn||3,682||6.5|
|Mebyon Kernow||Davyth Hicks||450||0.8|
|Natural Law||Peter Bolland||117||0.2|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing|
For elections before 1997, see Truro
Notes and references
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807)