USS Truxtun (DD-14)
|Name:||Truxtun class destroyer|
|Builders:||Maryland Steel Company|
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Bainbridge-class destroyer|
|Succeeded by:||Smith-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||433 long tons (440 t) normal
605 long tons (615 t) full load
|Length:||259 ft 6 in (79.10 m)|
|Beam:||22 ft 3 in (6.78 m)|
|Draft:||6 ft (1.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 coal-fired boilers
2 triple-expansion engines
8,300 ihp (6,189 kW)
|Speed:||29.6 knots (54.8 km/h; 34.1 mph)|
|Capacity:||175 tons coal (fuel)|
|Armament:||Two 3 inch/50 caliber (76 mm) guns
Six 6 pounder (57 mm) guns
Two 18 inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes
Three Truxtun-class destroyers served in the United States Navy. Part of the original 16 destroyers authorized by Congress in 1898, they were commissioned in 1902. They were very similar to their Bainbridge-class contemporaries, except for mounting six 6 pounder (57 mm) guns instead of five. They were considered the most successful of the first 16 US Navy destroyers, and were the basis for the larger succeeding Smith-class.
The Truxtuns escorted convoys during World War I. They may have been equipped with one or two depth charge racks for this mission. All were sold in 1920 and converted to merchant vessels or scrapped.
Truxtun and Whipple served first on the East Coast and later on the West Coast prior to World War I. Worden engaged in reserve training duties on the East Coast, and acted as a submarine tender 1914-17. All three served in the Atlantic during the US participation in World War I. Following the Armistice, all were sold for scrapping or merchant conversion in 1919.
Ships in class
The three ships of the Truxtun class were:
|USS Truxtun (DD-14)||Maryland Steel Company||13 November 1899||15 August 1901||11 September 1902||18 July 1919||Sold to Joseph G. Hitner for merchant conversion|
|USS Whipple (DD-15)||Maryland Steel Company||13 November 1899||15 August 1901||17 February 1903||7 July 1919||Sold to Joseph G. Hitner for scrapping|
|USS Worden (DD-16)||Maryland Steel Company||13 November 1899||15 August 1901||17 March 1903||13 July 1919||Sold to Joseph G. Hitner for merchant conversion|
Media related to Truxtun class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons
- Friedman, p. 10-19
- Friedman, p. 17
- Friedman, p. 68
- http://destroyerhistory.org/early/truxtunclass/ DestroyerHistory.org Truxtun class destroyer
- Friedman, Norman "US Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History (Revised Edition)", Naval Institute Press, Annapolis:2004, ISBN 1-55750-442-3.
- Gardiner, Robert, Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1860-1905 Conway Maritime Press, 1997. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Silverstone, Paul H., U.S. Warships of World War I (Ian Allan, 1970), ISBN 0-71100-095-6.
- Tin Can Sailors @ Destroyers.org - Truxtun class destroyer
- DestroyerHistory.org Truxtun class destroyer
- DestroyerHistory.org First US destroyers
- NavSource Destroyer Photo Index Page
- DiGiulian, Tony Navweaps.com 3"/50 Mks 2, 3, 5, 6, and 8
- DiGiulian, Tony Navweaps.com USN 6 pdr Mks 1 through 13
- DiGiulian, Tony Navweaps.com Pre-WWII US Torpedoes
- US Navy Torpedo History, part 2
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