Truxtun-class destroyer

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USS Truxtun
USS Truxtun (DD-14)
Class overview
Name: Truxtun class destroyer
Builders: Maryland Steel Company
Operators:  United States Navy
Preceded by: Bainbridge-class destroyer
Succeeded by: Smith-class destroyer
Built: 1902
In commission: 1902-20
Completed: 3
Retired: 3
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 433 long tons (440 t) normal
605 long tons (615 t) full load
Length: 259 ft 6 in (79.10 m)
Beam: 22 ft 3 in (6.78 m)
Draft: 6 ft (1.8 m)
Propulsion: 4 coal-fired boilers
2 triple-expansion engines
8,300 ihp (6,189 kW)
2 screws
Speed: 29.6 knots (54.8 km/h; 34.1 mph)
Capacity: 175 tons coal (fuel)
Complement: 3 Officers
75 Enlisted
Armament: Two 3 inch/50 caliber (76 mm) guns
Six 6 pounder (57 mm) guns
Two 18 inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes

Three Truxtun-class destroyers served in the United States Navy. Part of the original 16 destroyers authorized by Congress in 1898, they were commissioned in 1902.[1] They were very similar to their Bainbridge-class contemporaries, except for mounting six 6 pounder (57 mm) guns instead of five. They were considered the most successful of the first 16 US Navy destroyers, and were the basis for the larger succeeding Smith-class.[2]

The Truxtuns escorted convoys during World War I. They may have been equipped with one or two depth charge racks for this mission.[3] All were sold in 1920 and converted to merchant vessels or scrapped.

Service[edit]

Truxtun and Whipple served first on the East Coast and later on the West Coast prior to World War I. Worden engaged in reserve training duties on the East Coast, and acted as a submarine tender 1914-17. All three served in the Atlantic during the US participation in World War I. Following the Armistice, all were sold for scrapping or merchant conversion in 1919.

Ships in class[edit]

The three ships of the Truxtun class were:[4]

Ship Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
USS Truxtun (DD-14) Maryland Steel Company 13 November 1899 15 August 1901 11 September 1902 18 July 1919 Sold to Joseph G. Hitner for merchant conversion
USS Whipple (DD-15) Maryland Steel Company 13 November 1899 15 August 1901 17 February 1903 7 July 1919 Sold to Joseph G. Hitner for scrapping
USS Worden (DD-16) Maryland Steel Company 13 November 1899 15 August 1901 17 March 1903 13 July 1919 Sold to Joseph G. Hitner for merchant conversion

See also[edit]

Media related to Truxtun class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ Friedman, p. 10-19
  2. ^ Friedman, p. 17
  3. ^ Friedman, p. 68
  4. ^ http://destroyerhistory.org/early/truxtunclass/ DestroyerHistory.org Truxtun class destroyer
  • Friedman, Norman "US Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History (Revised Edition)", Naval Institute Press, Annapolis:2004, ISBN 1-55750-442-3.
  • Gardiner, Robert, Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1860-1905 Conway Maritime Press, 1997. ISBN 0-85177-133-5

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

External links[edit]