Tryavna

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Tryavna
Трявна
Typical architecture of Tryavna.
Typical architecture of Tryavna.
Coat of arms of Tryavna
Coat of arms
Tryavna is located in Bulgaria
Tryavna
Tryavna
Location of Tryavna
Coordinates: 42°52′01″N 25°30′00″E / 42.86694°N 25.50000°E / 42.86694; 25.50000Coordinates: 42°52′01″N 25°30′00″E / 42.86694°N 25.50000°E / 42.86694; 25.50000
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Gabrovo
Elevation 434 m (1,424 ft)
Population (2009-12-31)[1][2][3]
 • Total 9,831
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 5350
Area code(s) 0677

Tryavna (Bulgarian: Трявна) is a town in central Bulgaria, situated in the north slopes of the Balkan range, on the Tryavna river valley, near Gabrovo. It is famous for its textile industry and typical National Revival architecture, featuring 140 cultural monuments, museums and expositions. Tryavna is the birthplace of Bulgarian writer Pencho Slaveykov and revolutionary Angel Kanchev.

The town is the administrative centre of the eponymous Tryavna Municipality. As of December 2009, it has a population of 9,831 inhabitants.[1][2][3]

Description[edit]

The village was founded as early as the Thracian Era. However, the first documents of its existence date back to the 12th century. During Ottoman Bulgaria period locals defended the pass and enjoyed privileges for this reason. Only Bulgarians lived in the town;. During the period of Bulgarian National Revival, the town was heavily involved in the development of crafts. Houses from this period feature their own architectural design. The ground floors had irregular forms and housed craftsmen and traders. The upper floors featured wooden bow-windows, the roofs were covered with well arranged rocks.

The town square, named Capitan Diado Nikola, with the clock tower, dating from 1814, are among the landmarks. Another tourist attraction is the "kivgireniyat" bridge, built above the river behind the clock tower. One of the first secular schools in Bulgaria was built on Capitan Diado Nikola Square. Another symbol of Tryavna is the St. Archangel Mihael Church, situated in the town center and built in the late 12th century after Bulgarian tzar Asen defeated Byzantine emperor Isaac II. The wood-carved iconostasis and the bishop's throne in the church are real masterpieces of the woodcarving in Tryavna. Next to the school, is the Raykov house with its ethnographic collection, which is the birthplace of the first Bulgarian chemist, Pencho Nikolov Raikov. Not far away from it is the museum-house of Angel Kanchev who was Vassil Levski's compatriot. One of the most visited museums in Tryavna is the Daskalov house built in 1808. The museum features the famous wood carved suns. The house is a museum of woodcarving and icon painting art. The remarkable ceilings were made after a bet between two of the best masters of wood carving — Dimitar Oshanetsa and Ivan Bochukovetsa. Тhe two masters worked hard for six months in the two largest rooms in the house without having a possibility to see each other's work.

The Petko and Pencho Slaveykov museum-house, situated in the old part of the town, features an exposition of the poetical works of the two authors. The son, Pencho, was nominated for the Nobel Prize but died before having a chance to win it. The Kalinchev house, also in the old part, has been transformed into an art gallery, offering the collection, donated by Totio Gybenski. The Museum of icon painting and woodcarving with its collection of over 160 original icons, painted by well-known masters, is housed in the Tsar's chapel at a distance of the town center.

The unique Museum of Asian and African Art is housed in the old public bath, on the riverside. Tryavna is proud with its great samples of the woodcarving, icon painting and original architecture.

Today the town is a preferable tourist spot, featuring modern hotels, private lodgings and villas, restaurants and taverns.

There is also an Art school where successors of the old icon painters and woodcarvers master these crafts.

The Voneshta voda village resort, famous for its healing mineral springs, is located 20 kilometres (12 miles) away from Tryavna. The Bulgarka Nature Park is located in the Starina Planina, south on the city.

The town is well connected with the whole country thanks to its excellent road network and railway station.

Besides Bulgarian National Revival figures, another native is former Bulgarian NBA player Georgi Glouchkov.

Population[edit]

Tryavna
Year 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2007 2009
Population 4 355 5 965 9 690 12 532 12 909 12 491 11 131 10 393 10 160 9 831
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[1] „Citypopulation.de“,[2] „Pop-stat.mashke.org“[3]

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Tryavna is a member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 27 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals.[4][5]

Switzerland Brienz, Switzerland
Spain Altea, Spain - 1991
Germany Bad Kötzting, Germany - 1991
Italy Bellagio, Italy - 1991
Republic of Ireland Bundoran, Ireland - 1991
France Granville, France - 1991
Denmark Holstebro, Denmark - 1991
Belgium Houffalize, Belgium - 1991
Netherlands Meerssen, the Netherlands - 1991
Luxembourg Niederanven, Luxembourg - 1991
Greece Preveza, Greece - 1991
Portugal Sesimbra, Portugal - 1991
United Kingdom Sherborne, United Kingdom - 1991
Finland Karkkila, Finland - 1997
Sweden Oxelösund, Sweden - 1998
Austria Judenburg, Austria - 1999
Poland Chojna, Poland - 2004
Hungary Kőszeg, Hungary - 2004
Latvia Sigulda, Latvia - 2004
Czech Republic Sušice, Czech Republic - 2004
Estonia Türi, Estonia - 2004
Slovakia Zvolen, Slovakia - 2007
Lithuania Prienai, Lithuania - 2008
Malta Marsaskala, Malta - 2009
Romania Siret, Romania - 2010
Slovenia Škofja Loka, Slovenia - 2011
Cyprus Agros, Cyprus - 2011

Honour[edit]

Tryavna Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Tryavna.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009
  2. ^ a b c (English) „WorldCityPopulation“
  3. ^ a b c „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  4. ^ "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  5. ^ "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 

External links[edit]