||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2012)|
|Town and Municipality|
|• Mayor||Anton Peršak|
|• Total||8.6 km2 (3.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02)|
Trzin is a settlement and registered seat of its eponymous municipality in Republic Slovenia. It has a population of 3664 residents (1849 women). Its elevation is 299 m. The municipality borders Mengeš, Domžale and Ljubljana. The municipality can be divided into 3 parts: old part; new part – Mlake and trade-industrial zone. Until 1998, the municipality Trzin was part of the municipality Domžale. The old part is located between Onger hill in the west and Trzinsko Field in the east. In this part an elementary school Trzin, town hall, the church of saint Florian, a library, a fire station and farms may be found.
Mlake is on the west side of Onger hill and is mainly a housing estate, built on a former swamp. It hosts banks, a kindergarten, a leisure centre and pubs.
The trade-industrial zone is the newest part of Trzin, built in 1985. It features houses and companies.
The oldest preserved document that mentions the town was written on 15 May 1273. It is a document of the German knighthood, by which the Carniolan state governor confirmed that Vilijem Svibenjki yielded his rights on 6 farms in Trzin on the behalf of German knighthood; the town is mentioned under the name of Direzin. After this, the town was mentioned under names including Terzzein, Terzeyn, Trezein or Tersein.
Roman archaeological diggings testify to Roman settlements, because the Roman Emona-Celeia road led through Trzin. A revice of a quarry yielded a Neolithic stone hatchet, which proves the presence or possibly permanent settlement of this area.
Johann Weikhard von Valvasor wrote that people of Trzin were renowned for making excellent beds, fishing nets, fishing rods and ropes, though they were mostly (stock) farmers. Because farming did not satisfy the need for food, occupations such as butcher or slaughterer appeared. They were valued sausage makers – they are supposedly the "inventors" of the famous Carniola sausage (Kranjska klobasa). Some were livestock traders or horse and cart drivers.
Trzin people defeated, together with inhabitants of Mengeš and Goričice, plundering Turk on Mengeš Field. On 8 September 1813 they helped Napoleon's Austrian soldiers on Mengeš Field, attacking the 7000 Frenchman, led by General Belotti.
In the time of French occupation, brigands flourished in the area, some staying after the French pulled back. The death of the most famous brigand Dimež (Franc Sicherl) produced a well-known story, choking to death on smoke in the brickyard of Trzin, together with his accomplice Pepelnak (Matijc Mlakar), on 20 January 1862.
In 1851, Ivan Hribar, the politician and later Mayor of Ljubljana, was born in Trzin.
Boys from Trzin fought bravely in World War I and the north border under General Maister. Eleven men of Trzin fell, while 4 were recorded as missing. During World War I a nearby airport was a base for 32 airplanes. During World War II, 24 villagers were slain, 3 died hostage, 1 was burnt alive, 5 died in internment and 79 were evicted from their homes.
Trzin played an important role in the Slovenian Independence War in 1991, when the army of the Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia and the Yugoslav National Army fought on the Pšata River bridge on 27 June 1991. Four soldiers of Yugoslav National Army were killed along with one member of the Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia.
Trzin Primary School was founded in 1985. It was initially named Edvard Kardelj Elementary School, but its name changed after independence was declared. Until the elementary school was established, children in Trzin went to school in Mengeš or Domžale. Today the school has eighteen sections (first to ninth grade) instructing more than 350 children. The school was expanded between 2003 and 2005. The school offers a wide range of activities in culture, science, social sciences, technical subjects and sports. As part of the Trzin Primary School, two preschool groups called Thumbelina (Slovene: Palčica) and Frogs (Slovene: Žabice) provide childcare.
From 1894 Trzin had its own municipality and gendarmerie. Municipal matters were run by a judge with two assistants. On the formation of municipalities in the second half of the 19th century, Trzin got a local office, which operated independently until the German occupation. Germans joined Trzin to the municipality Mengeš. At the first election where councilors of local people's committees were elected, the town was re-joined to Mengeš or respectively to the local community. In 1970 Trzin again became an independent local community, operated within the municipality of Domžale. Trzin became an independent municipality in 1998. The mayor of the municipality Trzin is Tone Peršak.
A mountaineering society formed in Trzin in 1983 named Onger – after a hill (378 m), which cuts between the "old" and "new" part of Trzin.
The Church of St. Florian was built in the 14th century and underwent several renovations (including renovations after the earthquake in 1895). Works by renowned artists such as F. Jelovsek, L. Layer, M. Koželj and Jože Plečnik can be found in it. The church was mentioned for the first time in 1526 in documents. The church of St. Florian has been an independent parish since 1974.
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Mr. Peršak graduated in comparative literature and literary theory at the Faculty of arts and theatre and radio directing at the Academy for theatre, radio, film and television in Slovenia. Starting his career as theater director of Chamber theatre 55 in Sarajevo and assistant professor at the Theatre Academy in Ljubljana, he made a big contribution to Slovene culture and art, writing 12 books including, 2 theatre stagings, 2 TV plays and over 10 radio plays. He started his career in politics by joining the Slovene independence movement in the 1980s. He was one of the co-writers of the famous "writers constitution" in 1988. He has been a parliament member from 1990–1996 and a state councilor since 2002. He’s been also elected for the second time as vice-president of the Association of municipalities and towns of Slovenia and is vice-president of NALAS.
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