|• Mayor||Věra Palkovská|
|• Total||85.38 km2 (32.97 sq mi)|
|Elevation||306 m (1,004 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2008)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
Třinec (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtr̝̊ɪnɛts] ( ); Polish: , German: Trzynietz) is a town in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies on the Olza River, in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. The town has 37,405 inhabitants as of 2009, in 2001 17.7% of the population were Poles. The town is notable for its steel plant, the Třinec Iron and Steel Works, largest one in the Czech Republic, which still has a major impact on the town, on its character, demographics and air pollution.
Třinec is also an important cultural center of the Polish minority in Zaolzie.
The village of Třinec was founded in the 14th century. Třinec is first mentioned in a written document in 1444. The majority of the population worked in agriculture. The area was, however, rich in limestone, iron ore and clay. The area also offered a large enough work force, so it was decided to build an iron works. In 1836 the construction of the first metallurgical furnace had begun. The iron mill began operation in 1839, becoming the largest one in the entire Cieszyn Silesia. First schools (Polish-German) in Třinec were created by the initiative of the iron works in 1851. After the construction of Košice-Bohumín Railway line in 1871, the rapid development of the town occurred. After the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920 it became a part of Czechoslovakia. Třinec gained town rights in 1931. In October 1938, together with the whole region known as Zaolzie, it was annexed by Poland, and during World War II was a part of Nazi Germany. After the war it again became part of Czechoslovakia and eventually surrounding villages were incorporated into Třinec.
The town of Třinec is located in the Moravian-Silesian Region in the north-east of the Czech Republic, very close to the Polish border and also near the Slovak border with an elevation of approximately 300 m (984.25 ft) above sea level. It's situated approximately 45 km (28 mi) away from the city of Ostrava and about 400 km (249 mi) from the country's capital, Prague. The town is surrounded by the picturesque Beskydy mountain range, a popular place for cycling, skiing, cross-country skiing, hiking and paragliding. The town itself comprises the main town built around the steel works but also incorporates a number of surrounding villages.
Music and Culture
There are a number of musical concerts that take place in the town throughout the year. They are usually held at the local football stadium or the Třinecký Zimní Stadion sports arena, or alternatively at the Třinec-Borek football ground. The years biggest events are the 'Hutnický den' which takes place in May and 'Noc Plná Hvězd' (Star-Studded Night) in the summer, both of which feature numerous live performance from bands and artists from all over the country and abroad. This year's Hutnický den festival featured popular singer Lucie Bílá, previous years have included performances from local singing talent Ewa Farna among others, while Noc Plná Hvězd was headlined by American metal band Anthrax, and English bands Saxon and Blaze Bayley. Another yearly event is the 'Zlot' concert in the nearby town of Bystřice aimed at the local Polish population.
Ice hockey and football are by far the town's biggest sports. The ice hockey team, HC Oceláři Třinec, who currently play in the Czech Extraliga, the top tier of Czech ice hockey, have a massive following and fan base in the town. The season's bigger matches can draw a crowd of more than 5000 people. The team holds a rivalry with HC Vítkovice and also with the capital town teams HC Sparta Praha and HC Slavia Praha.
The town's football team, FK Fotbal Třinec, has seen a rise in popularity after its promotion to the Czech 2. Liga several years ago. The average attendance for league matches is now more than a thousand. A rivalry with neighboring sides FC Vítkovice and MFK Karviná has also been established.
Třinec also has a popular athletics team.
Although the majority of the town's population speak Czech, a large number speaks in a Cieszyn Silesian dialect, a mixture of Czech, Polish and German. The dialect is very specific to the whole region of Cieszyn Silesia.
- Lenka Cenková, tennis player
- Jana Cieslarová, orienteer
- Michaela Dolinová, Czech actress and TV presenter
- Ewa Farna, Polish singer
- Tomáš Klus, musician
- Tadeusz Kraus, Polish football player
- Vojtěch Kučera, poet
- Edvard Lasota, Czech football player
- Eduard Ovčáček, lettrist, graphic artist, painter and sculptor
- Soňa Pertlová, chess player
- Petr Pravec, astronomer
- Lukáš Rakowski, figure skater
- Roman Sikora, Czech playwright
- Martin Staszko, professional poker player
- Petr Šiška, TV presenter, musician and songwriter
- Robert Šulgan, professional boxer
- Václav Svěrkoš, Czech football player
- David Szurman, Czech ice dancer
- Petr Wojnar, football player
Twin towns — Sister cities
Třinec is twinned with:
- Cicha, Irena; Kazimierz Jaworski, Bronisław Ondraszek, Barbara Stalmach and Jan Stalmach (2000). Olza od pramene po ujście. Český Těšín: Region Silesia. ISBN 80-238-6081-X.
- Wawreczka, Henryk (2004). Třinec a okolí: včera a dnes. Třinec - Nebory: Wart. ISBN 80-239-3819-3.
- Eurotowns Trinec profile
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Třinec.|
- Official website (Czech)