Chocangaca language

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Region Bhutan
Native speakers
20,000  (1993)[1]
Tibetan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 cgk
Glottolog choc1275[2]

Choca-ngaca or Chocangacakha (Dzongkha: ཁྱོད་ཅ་ང་ཅ་ཁ་; Wylie: Khyod-ca-nga-ca-kha; also called "Kursmadkha," "Maphekha," "Rtsamangpa'ikha," and "Tsagkaglingpa'ikha") or Tsamang is a Southern Tibetic language spoken by about 20,000 people in the Kurichu Valley of Lhuntse and Mongar Districts in eastern Bhutan.[1][3] Chocangacakha is a "sister language" to Dzongkha, however under pressure to assimilate into the mainstream Dzongkha-speaking Ngalop culture, this proximity has resulted in significant loss of its particularly distinctive Kurichu linguistic substrate.[1][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c van Driem, George L. (1993). "Language Policy in Bhutan" (PDF). London: SOAS. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chocangacakha". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Chocangacakha". Ethnologue Online. Dallas: SIL International. 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  4. ^ van Driem, George (2007). Matthias Brenzinger, ed. Language diversity endangered. Trends in linguistics: Studies and monographs, Mouton Reader 181. Walter de Gruyter. p. 312. ISBN 3-11-017050-7.