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Цандрыҧшь (Abkhaz)
განთიადი (Georgian)

Urban-type settlement
Basilica in Tsandryphsh (6th century AD)
Basilica in Tsandryphsh (6th century AD)
Location in Abkhazia
Location in Abkhazia
Tsandrypsh is located in Georgia (country)
Location in Georgia
Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083
Country Georgia (Abkhazia[note 1])
District Gagra
 • Mayor Albert Tarkil[1]
 • First Deputy Mayor Karapet Karagozyan[1]
 • Second Deputy Mayor Grigori Kasparyan[1]
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,170
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)

Tsandryphsh (Abkhaz: Цандрыҧшь; Georgian: წანდრიფში; Russian: Цандрыпш) or Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი; Russian: Гантиади), is an urban-type settlement on the Black Sea coast in the Gagra District of Abkhazia,[note 1] 5 km from the Russian border.



Tsandrypsh derives its current name from the princely family Tsanba. In historical times, it was known as Sauchi (Russian: Саучи). Then, until 1944 as Yermolov, after the Russian general Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov. From 1944 until 1991, Tsandrypsh was known as Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი, Russian: Гантиади), from the Georgian word for Dawn. This latter name is still used informally.[2]


Tsandrypsh is said to be the historical capital of the principality of Saniga before the 6th century AD. It later became the capital of Sadzen.[2]


At the time of the 2011 Census, Tsandrypsh had a population of 5,170. Of these, 55.9% were Armenians, 19.6% Abkhaz, 18.4% Russians, 1.2% Ukrainians, 0.9% Georgians and 0.7% Greeks.[3]

Main sights[edit]

Tsandryphsh houses 6th century Georgian Christian church.[4] Joseph Stalin's personal residence is also located here.[citation needed]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.


  1. ^ a b c "Администрация городов, сёл и посёлков Гагрского района". Gagra DistrictAdministration. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Pashkov, O.V. (2010). Поселок Цандрипш (Цандрыпш) (in Russian). Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  3. ^ 2011 Census results
  4. ^ V. Jaoshvili, R. Rcheulishvili, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, V. 2, p. 680, Tbilisi, 1977.