Tsarap River

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Tsarap River/ صراف ندی
Tsarap Chu
Zanskar Char 1.jpg
Tsarap River at village Char
Country India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Region Ladakh
District Kargil
 - left Stod River
Source 32°41′53″N 77°53′25″E / 32.69796°N 77.890177°E / 32.69796; 77.890177Coordinates: 32°41′53″N 77°53′25″E / 32.69796°N 77.890177°E / 32.69796; 77.890177
 - location Pankpo La, Sarchu
 - elevation 4,650 m (15,256 ft)
Mouth 33°30′57″N 76°56′02″E / 33.515855°N 76.933805°E / 33.515855; 76.933805
 - location Stod River together forms Zanskar River at Padum Zanskar
 - elevation 3,485 m (11,434 ft)
Length 182 km (113 mi)
 - average 208 m3/s (7,345 cu ft/s)

The Tsarap River or the Tsarap Chu (Urdu: صراف ندی‎), is a river 182 kilometres (113 mi) long, which forms the eastern part of the Zanskar valley, in the Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.


The Tsarap River has its source in the glaciers near Pankpo La Pass at the border of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.[1] After rising from its source, the Tsarap River flows southwest up to Sarchu, a camping site at the Leh-Manali Highway, here the Tsarap River joins a confluent of three rivers of Lingti, Yunan and Sarchu River.[2] At village Purne, the Tsarap River is joined by Kargyag River which originates near Shingo La pass.[3] Then the Tsarap River flows down in the main Zanskar valley, through the towns of Mone, Tichip, Jamyang Lang, Dorzong and Chia. The river then passes a confluence with its tributary, the Stod River, at Padum, the capital of Zanskar. Together, these two rivers form the Zanskar River, a tributary of the Indus River.[4]

The Tsarap River contributes to the minimal agricultural production of the Zanskar valley, mainly to the lower areas of Chia, by providing irrigation to the fields of barley, wheat, buckwheat and peas.[5] Accessible in the summer, the Pensi La mountain pass which connects Zanskar with rest of the country, receives heavy snowfall along with the other pass Zojila, which results in the valley is cut off during winter from rest of the state, and the river freezes during this season. The river source at Pankpo La near Sarchu lies 255 kilometres (158 mi) southeast from the nearest airport of Leh. The Tsarap River is famous for adventure sports. Rafting events are organised in the Tsarap, Stod and the Zanskar rivers.[6][7]



  1. ^ India. Quarter Master General's Dept. Intelligence Branch (1991). Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladak: together with routes in the territories of the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1991. p. -725. ISBN 9789693501049. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Harish Kapadia (2002). High Himalaya Unknown Valleys. Indus Publishing, 2002. p. -228. ISBN 9788173871177. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Outlook (2005). Trekking holidays in India: 85 treks + 50. Outlook Pub. (India), 200. p. -71. ISBN 9788189449001. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Tsarap a tributory of Zanskar river". tourisminjammukashmir. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  5. ^ Henry Osmaston, Nawang Tsering (1997). Recent Research on Ladakh 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Colloquium on Ladakh, Leh 1993. Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1997. p. -106. ISBN 9788120814325. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Pippa de Bruyn, Niloufer Venkatraman, Keith Bain (2006). Frommer's India Volume 187 of Frommer's Complete Guides. John Wiley & Sons, 2006. p. -500. ISBN 9780471794349. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Zanskar Rafting Expeditions". thrillophilia.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18.