Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich of Russia (1552–1553)

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Dmitri Ivanovich
Tsesarevich of Russia
Dynasty Rurik Dynasty
Father Ivan IV of Russia
Mother Anastasia Romanovna
Born (1552-10-11)11 October 1552
Moscow Kremlin, Moscow
Died 26 June 1553(1553-06-26) (aged &&&&&&&&&&&&02588 months 15 days)
Sora River, Northern Russia
Burial Archangel Cathedral, Moscow

Dmitri Ivanovich (Russian: Дмитрий Иванович; 11 October 1552 – 26 June 1553) was the first Tsarevich or Tsesarevich - the heir apparent - of the Tsardom of Russia, as the eldest son of Ivan the Terrible, or Ivan IV of Russia and his first Tsaritsa, Anastasia Romanovna. He was the third child and first son of the couple and died in infancy, leaving his younger brother, Ivan Ivanovich, heir.

Birth[edit]

Ivan became Grand Prince of Moscow at the age of three, in 1533. At his coronation, on 16 January 1547, the sixteen-year-old Ivan resurrected the title of Tsar, occasionally used by his grandfather and namesake, Ivan III of Moscow. Holding all of the power in his empire, he could choose his bride. He eventually picked Anastasia Romanovna, the daughter of a wealthy boyar. Throughout the first four years of their marriage, Anastasia presented Ivan with two daughters, Anna and Maria. Both died in infancy, Anna at the age of eleven months and Maria before her sixth month.[1] However, on 11 October 1552,[2] Anastasia gave birth to a son, whom they named Dmitri, presumably after ancestor Dmitri Donskoy. During a severe illness, Ivan asked the boyars to take an oath, making his infant son his heir apparent and the first Tsesarevich.[3] However, the boyars were not very happy about this, as they wanted to see Ivan's cousin, Vladimir of Staritsa, succeed[3] but they reluctantly accepted.[3] Historians cannot agree whether this episode occurred in 1552[3] or 1553.[4]

Death[edit]

In the summer of 1553, Ivan proposed a pilgrimage to Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, near the present-day village of Kirillov. While on the Sora River, the royal boat was hit by a wave, it overturned[3] and the Tsesarevich was dropped by his wet nurse.[4] The adults managed to escape, but by the time they got to the baby, Dmitri had drowned.[3] "The Chronicle" records that Maximus the Greek, who had recently visited Ivan, foresaw the death of the Tsesarevich.[5] According to Andrey Kurbsky, Maximus had told Ivan that "he should not go such a long way with his wife and newborn lad".[5]

Aftermath[edit]

Dmitri was interred in the Archangel Cathedral. After his death, Anastasia would have three more children, two of whom would survive infancy. Ivan's youngest son by his last wife was named Dmitry after his eldest son who had died more than thirty years before.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Rurikid Genealogy 15". genealogy.euweb.cz. Retrieved January 8, 2012. [self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Rumyantsev, Vyacheslav (January 20, 2000). "Московские Великие князья (Grand Dukes of Russia)". Хpohoc (Chronos). Hrono. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Анастасия Романовна и Иван Грозный (Anastasia Romanovna and Ivan the Terrible)". amnipro.narod.ru. Archived from the original on November 13, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Ivan IV Groznîi". peoples.ru. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Kurbsky, Andrey. "Chapter III: Returning to Moscow". sedmitza.ru. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich of Russia (1552–1553)
Cadet branch of the Rurik dynasty
Born: 11 October 1552 Died: 26 June 1553
Russian royalty
Preceded by
Yuri Vasilievich
Heir to the Russian throne
as heir apparent
early 1553 – 26 June 1553
Succeeded by
Yuri Vasilievich