Tsetserleg (city)

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Not to be confused with Tsetserleg, Arkhangai a district (sum) in the northern parts of Arkhangai Province.
Tsetserleg
Цэцэрлэг
ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠷᠯᠢᠭ
District
Erdenebulgan District
Эрдэнэбулган сум
ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Lama monastery in Tsetserleg
Lama monastery in Tsetserleg
Tsetserleg is located in Mongolia
Tsetserleg
Tsetserleg
Coordinates: 47°28′37″N 101°27′01″E / 47.47694°N 101.45028°E / 47.47694; 101.45028
Country Mongolia
Province Arkhangai Province
Founded ~1680
Elevation 1,691 m (5,548 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 21,091
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)
Area code(s) +976 (0)133
Vehicle registration АР_ ( _ variable)

Tsetserleg (Mongolian: Цэцэрлэг, garden) is the capital of Arkhangai Aimag (province) in Mongolia. It lies on the northeastern slopes of the Khangai Mountains, 360 miles (600 km) southwest of Ulaanbaatar. It has a population of 16,553 (2000 census, with Erdenebulgan sum rural territories population was 18,519), 16,618 (2003 est.), 16,300 (2006 est.).[1]

Tsetserleg is geographically located in the Bulgan sum in the south of the aimag. It is not to be confused with Tsetserleg sum in the north. In 1992 Tsetserleg was designated as Erdenebulgan sum, which has area of 536 km².

History[edit]

Tsetserleg from the south

Tsetserleg is an ancient cultural and commercial centre. It was once the seat of a monastery, built by the First Khalkh Zaya Pandita, Luvsanperenlei (1642–1715) (who should not be confused with Zaya Pandita Namkhaijantsan (1599–1662)). It consisted of the main Guden Süm, the Right, or Summer Semchin Temple, and the Left, or Winter Semchin Temple, all built in the early 1680s. The sixth Zaya Pandita, Jambatseren, was killed by the Communists in 1932, and the main Guden temple was turned into a museum. There is a seventh Zaya Pandita, but he mostly lives in Ulan Bator and visits only occasionally.

Facilities[edit]

Tsetserleg has an airport, with regular connections from and to Ulan Bator, a theatre, hotel, hospital, and an agricultural college. The main industry is food processing.

Market in Tsetserleg

Famous people[edit]

Climate[edit]

Tsetserleg has a borderline humid continental climate (Dwb). It is part of a microclimate in the center of Mongolia which experiences the most mild weather in the country, not too hot in the summer and not too cold in the winter. In the coldest month of winter, January, it is often the warmest place in the country and temperatures rarely plummet below -30°C, often hovering at around -20°C to -25°C during nighttime and 0°C to -15°C during daytime. It belongs to USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 5.[2][3]

Climate data for Tsetserleg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
25.8
(78.4)
28.7
(83.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.3
(88.3)
26.8
(80.2)
22.8
(73)
15.8
(60.4)
11.1
(52)
31.3
(88.3)
Average high °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
0.2
(32.4)
8.1
(46.6)
16.0
(60.8)
20.1
(68.2)
20.5
(68.9)
19.3
(66.7)
15.1
(59.2)
8.0
(46.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
7.11
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.8
(5.4)
−13.5
(7.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
1.0
(33.8)
8.7
(47.7)
13.0
(55.4)
14.3
(57.7)
12.8
(55)
7.5
(45.5)
0.3
(32.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
−12.9
(8.8)
0.17
(32.32)
Average low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−13.0
(8.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.7
(35.1)
6.5
(43.7)
8.7
(47.7)
6.8
(44.2)
1.5
(34.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−13.1
(8.4)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−5.71
(21.73)
Record low °C (°F) −36.3
(−33.3)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.0
(32)
−1.4
(29.5)
−9.6
(14.7)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−28.2
(−18.8)
−35.4
(−31.7)
−36.3
(−33.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.9
(0.075)
2.7
(0.106)
5.8
(0.228)
16.3
(0.642)
32.6
(1.283)
63.1
(2.484)
75.4
(2.969)
66.9
(2.634)
26.7
(1.051)
13.4
(0.528)
5.8
(0.228)
2.6
(0.102)
313.2
(12.33)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.7 0.9 2.0 4.3 5.8 9.9 13.5 11.8 5.0 3.3 1.9 1.1 60.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 185.7 197.2 250.2 245.6 279.6 275.4 265.2 260.5 254.0 232.5 186.6 172.6 2,805.1
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rural Poverty Reduction Programme
  2. ^ Arkhangai Meteorological Department.
  3. ^ # Climate History for Tsetserleg, Mongolia. Weather Underground.
  4. ^ "Tsetserleg Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013.