City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality

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City of Tshwane
Metropolitan municipality
Official seal of City of Tshwane
Seal
Location in Gauteng
Location in Gauteng
Coordinates: 25°40′S 28°20′E / 25.667°S 28.333°E / -25.667; 28.333Coordinates: 25°40′S 28°20′E / 25.667°S 28.333°E / -25.667; 28.333
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Seat Pretoria
Wards 105
Government[2]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Kgosientsho 'Sputla' Ramokgopa
 • Acting City Manager Oupa Nkoane[1]
Area
 • Total 6,298 km2 (2,432 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 2,921,488
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[3]
 • Black African 75.4%
 • Coloured 2.0%
 • Indian/Asian 1.8%
 • White 20.1%
First languages (2011)[3]
 • Northern Sotho 19.9%
 • Afrikaans 18.8%
 • Tswana 15.0%
 • Tsonga 8.6%
 • Other 37.7%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code TSH

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Listeni/ˈtswɑːn/ (also known as the City of Tshwane) is the metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of northern Gauteng Province, South Africa and includes the capital city of South Africa Pretoria.

History[edit]

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality was established on 5 December 2000[4] When founded, it was made up of 13 former city and town councils and managed by an executive mayoral system.

Incorporation of additional neighboring areas[edit]

The Metsweding District Municipality was incorporated into the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality,[5] with effect from 18 May 2011 (the date of the 2011 municipal elections). The municipality also controversially sought to incorporate Midrand, which is part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality to offset the costs of absorbing Metsweding, amid a financial crisis in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality.[6]

Geography[edit]

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality's land area increased from 2,198 square kilometres (849 sq mi)[7] in 2010 to 6,368 square kilometres (2,459 sq mi) after the incorporation of Metsweding.[8]

The Tswaing crater is in the northwest of Soshanguve.

Subdivisions[edit]

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality consists of the following areas:[9]

Main places[edit]

The 2011 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[10]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken language
Akasia 799037 80.84 59,455 Tswana, Afrikaans
Atteridgeville 799056 9.84 64,425 Northern Sotho, Ndebele
Baviaanspoort 799045 13.85 2,456 Afrikaans
Bon Accord 799036 15.85 2,270 Afrikaans
Boschkop 799067 29.28 623 Ndebele, Afrikaans
Bronkhorstspruit 799072 34.00 12,470 Afrikaans
Bultfontein 799013 92.48 2,147 Afrikaans
Centurion 799059 394.88 236,580 Afrikaans
Cullinan 799049 55.66 8,693 Afrikaans
Dilopye 799025 7.45 3,874 Tswana
Donkerhoek 799051 22.33 3,472 Northern Sotho
Eersterus 799047 6.05 29,676 Afrikaans
Ekangala 799054 46.05 48,493 Zulu, Ndebele
Ga-Rankuwa 799034 52.18 90,945 Tswana
Haakdoornboom 799020 101.60 4,309 Afrikaans
Hammanskraal 799012 7.60 21,345 Tswana, Ndebele
Hebron 799033 1.02 2,321 Tswana
Kameeldrift 799043 32.76 6,727 Northern Sotho, Afrikaans
Kekana Garden 799010 2.61 15,709 Northern Sotho
Kungwini Part 2 799065 8.60 8,738 Afrikaans, English
Laudium 799058 6.07 19,102 English
Mabopane 799080 42.2 110,972 Tswana
Majaneng 799004 5.79 9,972 Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga
Mamelodi 799046 45.19 334,577 Northern Sotho, Zulu, Tsonga
Mandela Village 799011 3.72 7,305 Tswana, Tsonga, Northern Sotho
Marokolong 799009 6.65 17,455 Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga
Mashemong 799005 5.55 14,118 Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga
Mooiplaas 799052 56.69 14,979 Northern Sotho, Other, Tsonga
Nellmapius 799053 13.03 56,111 Northern Sotho, Zulu
New Eersterus 799023 23.64 35,059 Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga
Olievenhoutbos 799078 11.39 70,863 Northern Sotho
Onverwacht 799028 1.24 1,518 Afrikaans, Northern Sotho
Pretoria 799035 687.54 741,651 Afrikaans
Ramotse 799002 6.00 15,760 Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga
Rayton 799050 145.99 8,166 Afrikaans
Refilwe 799048 2.22 19757 Northern Sotho
Rethabiseng 799055 1.75 10,964 Zulu, Ndebele, Northern Sotho
Roodepoort B 799062 24.33 1,915 Afrikaans
Saulsville 799057 8.66 105,208 Northern Sotho
Soshanguve 799021 126.77 403,162 Northern Sotho
Soutpan 799022 12.75 2,157 Tsonga,Tswana, Northern Sotho
Stinkwater 799024 0.13 39201 Tswana, Tsonga, Northern Sotho
Suurman 799007 126.77 11,071 Tswana, Tsonga, Northern Sotho
Temba 799008 21.81 58,431 Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga
Thembisile 799038 1.98 1,809 Southern Ndebele
Tierpoort 799075 32.14 1,167 Afrikaans
Tsebe 799032 4.34 2,702 Tswana, Southern Ndebele
Tshwane NU 799026 3126.37 16,831 Southern Ndebele, Afrikaans
Vaalbank 799064 50.98 1,458 Afrikaans, Southern Ndebele
Waterval 799019 62.99 2,517 Afrikaans
Winterveld 799029 104.52 120,826 Tsonga, Tswana, Zulu
Zithobeni 799038 3.86 22,434 Southern Ndebele
Zwavelpoort 799066 37.50 1,148 Afrikaans

Demographics[edit]

There were around 2,921,500 (2011 census)[10] people living within the borders of Tshwane: 75.40% black, 20.08% white, 2.01% coloured and 1.84% Indian or Asian.[10]

Ethnic group 2011 census[edit]

Ethnic group Population %
Coloured 58 788 2.01%
Black African 2 202 847 75.40%
White 586 495 20.08%
Indian/Asian 53 744 1.84%
Other 19 614 0.67%
Total 2 921 488 100.00%

Ethnic group 2011 census (age 0-4)[edit]

Ethnic group Population %
Coloured 5 802 2.12%
Black African 225 111 82.20%
White 36 860 13.46%
Indian/Asian 4 280 1.56%
Other 1 814 0.66%
Total 273 867 100.00%

Transport[edit]

Railway[edit]

The main rail station is in Pretoria.

The Gautrain runs through parts of the municipality, with stations in Centurion and Pretoria, ending at a station in the suburb of Hatfield.

Airports[edit]

OR Tambo International Airport in neighbouring Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality serves Tshwane. Wonderboom Airport in the north of Tshwane serves light aircraft.

Military[edit]

AFB Swartkop

Air Force[edit]

The South African Air Force military bases AFB Waterkloof and AFB Swartkop are in Tshwane.

Thaba Tshwane Military Base[edit]

Although the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality was only created in 2000, before that a military base in the city (formerly called Voortrekkerhoogte after the Voortrekkers and before that Roberts Heights after Lord Roberts), was renamed Thaba Tshwane.

Memorials[edit]

The SANDF memorial is at Fort Klapperkop and the South African Air Force memorial is at AFB Swartkop.

Society and culture[edit]

Media[edit]

Main article: Media in Tshwane

Museums[edit]

There are a large number of museums, many of them in Pretoria.

Education[edit]

The front part of the Theo van Wyk Building on the Main Campus of UNISA
University of Pretoria's Old Arts Building

Tertiary education[edit]

The Tshwane municipality is home to the Tshwane University of Technology, and the largest distance education university (the University of South Africa, more commonly known by its acronym, UNISA). The University of Pretoria, one of South Africa's leading research and teaching universities, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus) (formerly known as Medical University of Southern Africa) a medical school in the north of Tshwane and the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) are also in the municipal area.

Sport[edit]

Stadiums[edit]

The name Tshwane and associated controversies[edit]

Logo of City of Tshwane depicting the Union Buildings in Pretoria, with slogan "We are the same".

Tshwane [tsʰwane] is the Setswana name of the Apies River, which flows through the city. The origin of the name of the river is unclear. It may mean "place -e of the black cow, tshwana, from ceremonies where a black cow was sprinkled with water from the river to end a drought.[11] Another claim is that it was named after Tshwane, son of Chief Mushi, an Ndebele leader who settled near the Apies River about a century before the arrival of the Voortrekkers in the early 19th century.[11] However, some Ndebele kings claim to have never heard of a chief named "Tshwane".[12]

Two other common explanations are demonstrably untrue. One is that it is the Tswana for the motto of Tshwane Municipality, "We are the same". However, this appears to be promoted for its emotional value; if anything, it would mean "we are not the same" in Tswana (ga re tshwane).[11] Another common misunderstanding is that it is the Tswana word for "little monkeys"; although it resembles the Tswana word for baboon, tshwene, "little monkeys" is actually the translation of the Afrikaans name "Apies".

The name Tshwane is sometimes used as an alternate name for the city of Pretoria itself. Following the city council's vote of March 8, 2005, it could become the city's new name if approved by the central government. Should the change take place, "Pretoria" would continue to refer to the city's central business district, as proposed by the current municipality. By November 2007 the change of the name from Pretoria to Tshwane had not been finalized, and controversy over the name change continues. The change is seen by many as a way to recognize that peoples of non-colonial origins represent a majority in the city. The controversy, however, says that the city was originally established under the name Pretoria, little evidence has been provided for the origin of the name “Tshwane”, and no form of jurisdiction for the area existed before Pretoria’s creation.

The Sunday Times used the word Tshwane to refer to the Pretoria area for a short period in 2005. The state-controlled SABC also started using the term in its evening news broadcasts, for a period, but by 2010, had reverted to "Pretoria". Private media outlets continued to refer to the metropolitan area as Pretoria. The Pretoria News, the main newspaper in the metropolitan area did not appear to have plans to change its name as of early 2006, although it has adopted the slogan "The paper for the people of Tshwane". The newspaper refers to the capital city as Tshwane and sometimes Pretoria. This, with the public backing of the name change by the editor of the Pretoria News, Philani Mgwaba,[13] has led to the independence of the editorial team being called into question. Currently, the only news media that refers to the capital city as Tshwane is the Pretoria News, SocietyNews.co.za.

The proposed name has evoked a strong negative reaction from some South Africans. Many businesspeople do not want to change their stationery and many feel that the cost of the name change would be better spent dealing with the country's high poverty rates and AIDS crisis. There is also an argument that whereas the name "Pretoria" is recognized worldwide, "Tshwane" is not.

Road signs erected at the boundaries of the Tshwane Metropolitan area have been consistently defaced, with the word Tshwane replaced with the word Pretoria, presumably by South Africans opposed to the name change. The letters PTA, which are an abbreviation of "Pretoria", have also been stencilled on a number of speed limit signs.

On 21 May 2005, the Pretoria Civil Action Committee, a group consisting of business, labour, cultural, civil and political leaders opposed to the name change organised a protest in the Pretoria city centre.[14] They marched to the office of Arts and Culture Minister Pallo Jordan and handed him a petition signed by 3000 University of Pretoria students as well as other petition documents. Former president FW De Klerk, a Nobel prize winner and the last president under apartheid, also raised concerns about the change.[15]

In November 2005, the Advertising Standards Authority found that advertising proclaiming that Tshwane, rather than Pretoria, was the capital of South Africa was misleading.[16] The reason being that no city named Tshwane has yet been registered as a geographic place name, and Pretoria has not yet been renamed.

The Pretoria name change process[edit]

On 5 December 2000 a number of old Pretoria municipalities as well as others that fell outside the Greater Pretoria area were combined into one area called the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality. The city of Pretoria remained largely intact in this municipality[clarification needed]. The debate around the possible name change raged ever since.

On the 26 May 2005 the South African Geographical Names Council unanimously approved a recommendation by the Tshwane Metro Council that the name Pretoria be changed to Tshwane.[17]

The legal process involved is as follows:

  1. Recommendation to the Geographical Names Council.
  2. Council approves / rejects recommendation (approved 26 May 2005).
  3. Council gives its recommendation to Arts and Culture Minister Pallo Jordan[dated info].
  4. Minister approves / rejects recommendation.
  5. Approved / rejected name is published in the Government Gazette.
  6. Any person or body unhappy with the name change can complain within one month of above.
  7. The minister can consult the Geographical Names Council with concerns raised.
  8. The minister's decision, along with the reasons for it, are published
  9. The minister will then take the matter before parliament where the central government will decide on whether to change the name or not based on the information before it.

Some controversial groups have attached themselves to the Pretoria name change issue, including the trade union Solidarity.[18] Solidarity and the Pretoria Civil Action Committee have threatened legal action should the name change be recommended by the minister.

As of November 2007 the name change has not yet been approved or rejected by the minister (step 4 above).

Early August 2007, it was reported in the press that the municipality, after consulting with the Gauteng provincial government had withdrawn the application to change the name, and was instead contemplating a plan to change all road signs pointing to "Pretoria" to "Tshwane" or the "City of Tshwane" across the country. This plan raised threats of legal action from both political groupings opposed to the renaming, and concerns from municipal officials about the possibility of vandalism to the proposed signs.[19][20] Later reports appeared to contradict these claims, to some extent.[21]

In 2010, the Ministry of Arts and Culture prepared to publish the registration of Tshwane as a place name, in the Government Gazette. However, the registration was withdrawn at the last minute, and this was explained by the minister. Although it was too late to remove the name from printing in the Government Gazette, the retraction of the name registration was published the following week in the gazette.[22]

In November 2011, Kgosientso Ramokgopa, who had been elected mayor earlier that year, vowed to push forward with the renaming in 2012.[23]

Corruption[edit]

As in other parts of the country, the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality experiences high levels of corruption. Significant resources of the Special Investigation Unit (SIU) are dedicated to this region since 2010.[24][25][26] The screening of applicants for management positions has also been criticized.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Office of the Executive Mayor". City of Tshwane. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  2. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Metropolitan Municipality". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Structure and Roles of the City of Tshwane". City of Tshwane. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  5. ^ "Tswane property tariff hike shock : Property News from". IOLProperty. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. ^ "Fight for Midrand". Times LIVE. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  7. ^ "Tshwane Metropolitan Profile". City of Tshwane. 2004. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  8. ^ "City to become largest in SA". South African Cities Network News. BUANews. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011. "The City of Tshwane will become the largest metropolitan municipality in the country after the local government elections when it incorporates the Metsweding District Municipality." 
  9. ^ "Areas constituting the City of Tshwane". City of Tshwane. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  10. ^ a b c Statistics South Africa: data reworked by Adrian Frith Tshwane - Census 2011
  11. ^ a b c "Meanings of place names in South Africa: Tshwane". Africanlanguages.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  12. ^ "Forum policy - Mail & Guardian Online: The smart news source". Mg.co.za. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  13. ^ "Pretoria News". Pretoria News. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  14. ^ "Forum policy - Mail & Guardian Online: The smart news source". Mg.co.za. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  15. ^ "Forum policy - Mail & Guardian Online: The smart news source". Mg.co.za. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  16. ^ http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=139&art_id=qw113267034143B232
  17. ^ "Forum policy - Mail & Guardian Online: The smart news source". Mg.co.za. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  18. ^ "Solidarity trade union South Africa - Solidariteit - Ons beskerm ons mense! / We protect our people!". Solidaritysa.co.za. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  19. ^ "Down with Pretoria signs!: News24: SouthAfrica: Politics". News24. 2007-08-02. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  20. ^ Independent Online. "News - Politics: Moves afoot to make Tshwane the capital". Iol.co.za. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  21. ^ Independent Online. "News - South Africa: 'Pretoria' signs to stay". Iol.co.za. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  22. ^ "Pretoria is Pretoria again - for now - News - Jacaranda 94.2". Jacarandafm.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  23. ^ Tshwane it will be – mayor
  24. ^ du Toit, Pieter (2011-04-04). "LP’s hoor vloed van korrupsie spoel oor SA". Beeld. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  25. ^ Claassen, Cobus (2011-04-07). "Groot aankoopbedrog in Tshwane onthul, 65 in sop". Beeld. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  26. ^ Pretorius, Gerhard (2012-11-07). "‘Maak korrupsieverslag bekend’". Beeld. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  27. ^ Claassen, Cobus (2012-08-26). "‘Tshwane bekyk nie kandidate deeglik’". Beeld. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 

External links[edit]