Luhya language

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Luhya
Luyia
Oluluhya
Native to Kenya
Ethnicity Luhya people
Native speakers
1.2 million  (2009 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 luyinclusive code (includes all languages spoken by ethnic Luhya, not just the following)
Individual codes:
lrm – Marama
lwg – Wanga (Hanga)
lks – Kisa
lto – Tsotso
lkb – Kabras
nle – East Nyala
JE.32[2]

Luhya (Luyia, Luhia, Luhiya) is a Bantu language of western Kenya.

Dialects[edit]

The various Luhya tribes speak several related languages and dialects, though some of them are no closer to each other than they are to neighboring non-Luhya languages. For example, the Bukusu people are ethnically Luhya, but the Bukusu dialect is a variety of Masaba. (See Luhya people for details.) However, there is a core of mutually intelligible dialects that comprise Luhya proper:[3]

  • Hanga (OluWanga)
  • Tsotso (OluTsotso)
  • Marama (OluMarama)
  • Kisa (OluShisa)
  • Kabras (LuKabarasi)
  • East Nyala (LuNyala)

Comparison[edit]

A comparison between two dialects of Luhya proper, and to two other Bantu languages spoken by the Luhya:

English Kisa Logoli Nyole[which?] Wanga
I (me) eshie nzi/ inze ise esie
words amakhuwa makuva amang'ana, amakhuwa amakhuwa
chair eshifumbi indeve/ endeve indebe eshisala
head omurwe mutwi omurwe om'rwe
money amapesa mang'ondo amang'ondo, am'mondo, etsilupia amapesa, irupia

Comparison to Bantu[edit]

English oluluyia Luganda Swahili Kikuyu Lingala Shona Zulu Isixhosa Kinyarwanda children abana, baana, otwana, orwana, vaana baana, abaana wana twana bana vana umntwana
dog imbwa mbwa, embwa mbwa ngui (pronounced gui) mbwa mbwa, Imbwa inja

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luhya at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Marama at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Wanga (Hanga) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kisa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Tsotso at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kabras at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    East Nyala at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Maho (2009)