Tsu, Mie

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Tsu
津市
City
Tsu City Hall
Tsu City Hall
Flag of Tsu
Flag
Official seal of Tsu
Seal
Location of Tsu in Mie Prefecture
Location of Tsu in Mie Prefecture
Tsu is located in Japan
Tsu
Tsu
 
Coordinates: 34°43′N 136°30′E / 34.717°N 136.500°E / 34.717; 136.500Coordinates: 34°43′N 136°30′E / 34.717°N 136.500°E / 34.717; 136.500
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Mie Prefecture
Government
 • -Mayor Yasuyuki Maeba (since May 2011)
Area
 • Total 710.81 km2 (274.45 sq mi)
Population (September 2012)
 • Total 298,980
 • Density 398/km2 (1,030/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Zelkova serrata
- Flower Azalea
-Bird Japanese Bush Warbler
Phone number 059-229-3110
Address 23-1 Nishi-Marunouchi, Tsu-shi, Mie-ken 514-8611
Website www.info.city.tsu.mie.jp
Tsu Castle from the air

Tsu (津市 Tsu-shi?) is the capital city of Mie Prefecture, Japan.

As of September 2012, the city has an estimated population of 282,980 and a population density of 398 persons per km². The total area is 710.81 km².

Geography[edit]

Tsu is located in east-central Kii Peninsula, in central Mie Prefecture. It stretches the width of Mie Prefecture, and is bordered by Ise Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and Nara Prefecture to the west. Parts of the city are within the limits of the Murō-Akame-Aoyama Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Tsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from May to September.

Climate data for Omu, Tsu, Mie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.1
(48.4)
12.1
(53.8)
17.8
(64)
22.3
(72.1)
25.4
(77.7)
29.2
(84.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.9
(80.4)
21.5
(70.7)
16.4
(61.5)
11.4
(52.5)
19.29
(66.72)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
4.8
(40.6)
7.5
(45.5)
13.3
(55.9)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
23.1
(73.6)
17.2
(63)
11.9
(53.4)
6.9
(44.4)
15.12
(59.2)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.9
(33.6)
3.2
(37.8)
9.0
(48.2)
13.9
(57)
18.4
(65.1)
22.6
(72.7)
23.5
(74.3)
19.8
(67.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.6
(45.7)
2.6
(36.7)
11.27
(52.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 45.3
(1.783)
60.6
(2.386)
103.9
(4.091)
149.0
(5.866)
162.2
(6.386)
236.4
(9.307)
218.6
(8.606)
175.7
(6.917)
237.7
(9.358)
145.3
(5.72)
80.3
(3.161)
39.7
(1.563)
1,654.7
(65.144)
Snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
 % humidity 63 64 64 69 72 78 80 78 77 71 69 66 70.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.9 151.8 178.0 169.0 190.8 144.5 168.9 198.8 139.0 159.7 155.7 165.4 1,986.5
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

History[edit]

Tsu originally developed as a port town known as Anotsu (安濃津?) in the Nara and Heian periods. The port was destroyed by a tsunami in the 1498 Meiō Nankaidō earthquake. The town was rebuilt as a castle town and a post station by the Sudo clan, daimyo of Tsu Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. During the Edo era, it became a popular stopping point for travelers to Ise shrine, about 40 km to the southeast.

Following the Meiji restoration, it became the capital of Mie Prefecture in 1871. With the establishment of municipalities on April 1, 1889, Tsu was one of original 31 cities to be proclaimed.

During World War II, Allied air raids on July 24 and July 28, 1945 destroyed most of the city and killed 1,239 people

On January 1, 2006, the neighboring city of Hisai, the towns of Anō, Geinō and Kawage, and the village of Misato (all from Age District), the towns of Hakusan, Ichishi and Karasu, and the village of Misugi (all from Ichishi District) were merged into Tsu. As a result of the merger, the city became the second largest in Mie by population behind Yokkaichi, and became the largest in Mie by area ahead of Matsusaka.

Economy[edit]

Imuraya Confectionery, a confectionery company,[2] and ZTV, a cable television operator, are headquartered in Tsu.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

Seaports[edit]

Education[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Tsu is famous for its Tōjin Odori (唐人踊り?), a festival commemorating the arrival of the Joseon Tongsinsa delegation from Korea during the feudal period.[4] There are two other cities that celebrate Tōjin Odori: Suzuka city in Mie Prefecture and Ushimado-chō in Okayama Prefecture.[5]

The ruins of Tsu Castle have been made into a downtown city park.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tsu Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Corporate profile." Imuraya Confectionery. March 30, 2008. Retrieved on January 11, 2010.
  3. ^ Home page. ZTV. Retrieved on October 2, 2009.
  4. ^ http://www.searchnavi.com/~hp/tojin/eng/ Toujin House
  5. ^ http://www006.upp.so-net.ne.jp/asao/toujin.htm 唐人踊り (Tōjin Odori)

External links[edit]