Tsurphu Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tsurphu Monastery
Tibet - Tsurpu Monastery 1.jpg
Tsurphu Monastery
Tibetan transcription(s)
Tibetan མཚུར་ཕུ་
Wylie transliteration mtshur phu
Pronunciation in IPA [[tsʰuːpʰu]]
Official transcription (PRC) Curpu
Chinese transcription(s)
Traditional 楚布寺
Simplified 楚布寺
Pinyin Chǔbù Sì
Tsurphu Monastery is located in Tibet
Tsurphu Monastery
Tsurphu Monastery
Location within Tibet
Coordinates: 29°43′36″N 90°34′30″E / 29.72667°N 90.57500°E / 29.72667; 90.57500
Monastery information
Location Gurum, Doilungdêqên County, Lhasa Prefecture, Tibet, China
Founded by Düsum Khyenpa
Founded 1159
Date renovated 1980
Type Tibetan Buddhist
Sect Kagyu
Lineage Karma Kagyu

Tsurphu Monastery (also Tolung Tsurpu / sTod lung mTshur phu) is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery which served as the traditional seat of the Karmapa. It is located in Gurum town (rgu rum / Gǔróng Xiàng 古荣乡) of Doilungdêqên County in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, 70 km from Lhasa. The monastery is about 14,000 feet (4,300 m) above sea level. It was built in the middle of the valley facing south with high mountains surrounding the monastery complex.

Tsurphu is a 300-square-meter (3,200 sq ft) complex with walls up to 4 meters (13 ft) thick. The monastery or "gompa", the traditional seat of the Karmapa lamas, is about 28 km up the Dowo Lung Valley, on the north side of the river. The original walls of the main building were up to 4 meters thick and 300 meters square (area 90,000 square meters or 970,000 square feet). The monks' residences were on the eastern side.


Reconstructed Tsurphu Gompa, 1993

Tsurphu was founded by the first black hat Karmapa, Düsum Khyenpa (1110-1193) in 1159, after he visited the site and laid the foundation for an establishment of a seat there by making offerings to the local protectors, dharmapala and genius loci. In 1189 he revisited the site and founded his main seat there. The monastery grew to hold 1000 monks.

It was totally destroyed in 1966 during the Cultural Revolution and began to be rebuilt in 1980 by the 16th Karmapa, Rangjung Rigpe Dorje (1924–1981). Following the recognition of Ogyen Trinley Dorje (born 1985) as the 17th Karmapa by the Tai Situpa, the Dalai Lama and the Chinese government, he was enthroned at Tsurphu and resided there until he escaped from Tibet to India in 2000.



Dowo Lung Valley, above Tsurphu Gompa
  • Dowman, Keith. The Power-places of Central Tibet: The Pilgrim's Guide. 1988. Routledge & Kegan Paul. London. ISBN 0-7102-1370-0
  • Martin, Michele. Music in the Sky: The Life, Art & Teachings of the 17th Karmapa, Ogyen Trinley Dorje. 2003. Snow Lion Publications. Reprint: New Age Books, New Delhi, 2004. ISBN 81-7822-193-4.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°42′N 90°48′E / 29.7°N 90.8°E / 29.7; 90.8