Tsuruga, Fukui

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Tsuruga
敦賀市
City
Flag of Tsuruga
Flag
Location of Tsuruga in Fukui Prefecture
Location of Tsuruga in Fukui Prefecture
Tsuruga is located in Japan
Tsuruga
Tsuruga
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°39′N 136°3′E / 35.650°N 136.050°E / 35.650; 136.050Coordinates: 35°39′N 136°3′E / 35.650°N 136.050°E / 35.650; 136.050
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Prefecture Fukui Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Ichiji Kawase
Area
 • Total 250.74 km2 (96.81 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2005)
 • Total 68,401
 • Density 272.80/km2 (706.5/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Pine
- Flower Lespedeza
- Bird Black-headed Gull
Address 2-1-1 Chūō-chō, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui-ken
914-8501
Phone number 0770-21-1111
Website City of Tsuruga

Tsuruga (敦賀市 Tsuruga-shi?) is a city in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. It is the largest city in Japan's Wakasa region.

History[edit]

An Imperial decree in July 1899 established Tsuruga as an open port for trading with the United States and the United Kingdom.[1]

Bashō (1644-1694) wrote a celebrated haiku on the moonlight over Tsuruga bay.

Tsuruga was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1937.

Tsuruga is known for its two nuclear power facilities - the Monju demonstration nuclear plant and the Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant.

Geography[edit]

Facing to Wakasa Bay, 55 km south from Fukui, 80 km east from Maizuru, 97 km northeast from Kyoto, 140 km northeast from Osaka, 52 km north from Maibara, 115 km northwest from Nagoya.

Among cities on the Japan Sea coast, Tsuruga is the nearest city to the Pacific Ocean. The distance between Tsuruga and Nagoya is only 115 km. Tsuruga and Nagoya are historically close to Shiga Prefecture and Kyoto.

Tsuruga City office.

Climate[edit]

Tsuruga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is plentiful throughout the year, and is particularly heavy in December and January.

Climate data for Tsuruga, Fukui
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.2
(45)
10.8
(51.4)
17.2
(63)
21.9
(71.4)
25.0
(77)
29.3
(84.7)
31.1
(88)
26.7
(80.1)
21.2
(70.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.3
(50.5)
18.63
(65.53)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
4.0
(39.2)
6.9
(44.4)
12.9
(55.2)
17.5
(63.5)
21.3
(70.3)
25.5
(77.9)
27.0
(80.6)
22.7
(72.9)
16.8
(62.2)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.4)
14.77
(58.57)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
0.9
(33.6)
3.0
(37.4)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.8
(64)
22.3
(72.1)
23.5
(74.3)
19.2
(66.6)
12.7
(54.9)
7.7
(45.9)
3.5
(38.3)
11.11
(52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 312.0
(12.283)
207.1
(8.154)
167.9
(6.61)
146.2
(5.756)
146.8
(5.78)
216.2
(8.512)
220.2
(8.669)
130.9
(5.154)
220.6
(8.685)
157.0
(6.181)
190.4
(7.496)
303.6
(11.953)
2,418.9
(95.233)
Snowfall cm (inches) 118
(46.5)
92
(36.2)
19
(7.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
34
(13.4)
264
(104)
 % humidity 75 73 69 68 69 75 77 74 76 73 72 73 72.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.7 72.1 133.3 162.9 192.7 144.2 170.1 205.3 141.6 147.5 108.6 75.9 1,617.9
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Economy[edit]

Tsuruga has a very healthy mixed economy focused on providing services to the Wakasa region, and also features a container port, a bulk terminal, a coal-fired power plant, two textile mills, a large furniture factory, a playground equipment manufacturer, and a Panasonic (Matsushita) facility. Education and energy research also drive the economy.

Activities[edit]

Well-known Japanese DJ Chikashi Nishiwaki also founded his eclectic club, Tree, here. The club has been host to many national and international celebrity guests such as Jazztronik, Gilles Peterson, Toshio Matsuura from UFO, DJs Ravi, Julien Love and Two Dee, and Soil and Pimp Sessions. He has also mixed music with Tyronne Noonan, former frontman of George.

About twenty or so bronze statues – each perhaps four or five feet tall – of characters and scenes from the popular 1970s anime Uchū Senkan Yamato (Space Battleship Yamato or, in the United States, Star Blazers) and Galaxy Express 999 were erected in the city's downtown area in 1999. Though the creator of these shows, Leiji Matsumoto, was born elsewhere, an exhibit of his artwork was held in the city in 1999 as part of the city's 100th anniversary celebration, accompanied by the erection of the statues.

Transportation[edit]

Tsuruga Port.
Railway
Road
Port

Sister cities[edit]

Kehi matsubara beach

See also[edit]

References[edit]

.

External links[edit]