Tsurugi (train)

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JNR ef81 125 tsurugi.jpg
A Class EF81 electric locomotive at the head of a Tsurugi service
Service type Limited express
Status Discontinued
Locale Japan
First service 1 October 1961
Last service 3 December 1994
Former operator(s) JNR, JR West
Start Osaka
End Toyama
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 20 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead

The Tsurugi (つるぎ?) was a limited express overnight "Blue Train" sleeping car train service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in Japan from 1961 until 1994. It was named after Mount Tsurugi. The name is scheduled to be used for Hokuriku Shinkansen train services from March 2015.

Service outline[edit]

The Tsurugi services operated overnight between Osaka and Toyama.[1]


The Tsurugi service was first introduced on 1 October 1961 as a limited express service operating between Kanazawa and Nagaoka.[1]

Regular Tsurugi services were discontinued from the start of the revised timetable on 4 December 1994.[1]

Future developments[edit]

A JR East E7 series shinkansen train

With the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen extension beyond Nagano to Kanazawa on 14 March 2015,[2] the Tsurugi name will be used for all-stations shuttle services operating between Toyama and Kanazawa.[3] 18 return workings daily are planned using 12-car JR East E7 series and JR West W7 series trainsets, with trains stopping at Shin-Takaoka en route.[4] On these services, only eight out of the twelve cars of E7 and W7 series trainsets will be made available to passengers, with formations consisting of one Green (first class) car, three ordinary-class reserved seating cars, and four ordinary-class non-reserved seating cars.[5] Gran Class accommodation will not be available for use on these train services.[5]


Tsurugi shinkansen services operating from 14 March 2015, will use 12-car JR East E7 series and JR West W7 series trainsets, formed as follows, with car 1 at the Toyama (eastern) end. Cars 1 to 7 are ordinary-class cars with 2+3 seating, car 11 is a "Green" car with 2+2 seating, and cars 8 to 10 and 12 will not be available for passenger use. All cars are no-smoking.[6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Accommodation Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Not in use Not in use Not in use Green Not in use
Facilities Toilets   Toilets, phone   Toilets   Wheelchair space, accessible toilet, phone Wheelchair space, accessible toilet

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Teramoto, Mitsuteru (July 2001). 国鉄・JR列車名大辞典 [JNR & JR Train Name Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Chuoshoin Publishing Co., Ltd. pp. 164–165. ISBN 4-88732-093-0. 
  2. ^ 北陸新幹線、来年3月14日開業 東京―金沢2時間半 [Hokuriku Shinkansen to open 14 March next year: Tokyo - Kanazawa in two and a half hours]. Tokyo Shimbun Web (in Japanese). Japan: Chunichi Shimbun. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  3. ^ 北陸新幹線の列車名の決定について [Hokuriku Shinkansen train names decided] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ 北陸新幹線 長野~金沢間開業に伴う運行計画の概要について [Outline of service plans for opening of Hokuriku Shinkansen from Nagano to Kanazawa] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b 金沢―東京1万4120円 北陸新幹線の料金発表 グランクラスは2万6970円 [Hokuriku Shinkansen fares announced]. The Hokkoku Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  6. ^ JR Timetable. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. February 2015. ISBN 4910053110259.