Tsurugi (train)

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JNR ef81 125 tsurugi.jpg
A Class EF81 electric locomotive at the head of a Tsurugi service
Service type Limited express
Status Discontinued
Locale Japan
First service 1 October 1961
Last service 3 December 1994
Former operator(s) JNR, JR West
Start Osaka
End Toyama
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 20 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead

The Tsurugi (つるぎ?) was a limited express overnight "Blue Train" sleeping car train service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in Japan from 1961 until 1994. It was named after the Mount Tsurugi. The name is scheduled to be used for Hokuriku Shinkansen train services from 2015.

Service outline[edit]

The Tsurugi services operated overnight between Osaka and Toyama.[1]


The Tsurugi service was first introduced on 1 October 1961 as a limited express service operating between Kanazawa and Nagaoka.[1]

Regular Tsurugi services were discontinued from the start of the revised timetable on 4 December 1994.[1]

Future developments[edit]

With the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen extension beyond Nagano to Kanazawa in 2015, the Tsurugi name will be used for shuttle services operating between Toyama and Kanazawa.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Teramoto, Mitsuteru (July 2001). 国鉄・JR列車名大辞典 [JNR & JR Train Name Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Chuoshoin Publishing Co., Ltd. pp. 164–165. ISBN 4-88732-093-0. 
  2. ^ "北陸新幹線の列車名の決定について" [Hokuriku Shinkansen train names decided] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.