In the han system, Tsurumaki was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area. This was different from the feudalism of the West.
Tsurumaki Domain was created on May 19, 1827, when Mizuno Tadateru, the daimyō of Hōjō Domain in Awa Province relocated his jin'ya from Awa to Kazusa. As he was entitled by his status to have a castle, rather than a fortified residence, his jin’ya was called "Tsurumaki Castle". He died the following year, and his adopted son, Mizuno Tadamitsu, also served as a wakadoshiyori in the Shogun’s court in Edo. Tadamitsu’s son Mizuno Tadayori fought on the Shogunal side in the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, attacking his pro-imperial neighbors. As a result, he was forced to give up most of his holdings scattered around Awa and Kazusa provinces in exchange for new lands in 1869. However, he was pardoned by the new Meiji government the following year, becoming domainal governor until the abolition of the han system in 1871. He was subsequently made a viscount (shishaku) in the kazoku peerage, and the former Tsumaki Domain absorbed into the short-lived Kisarazu Prefecture before becoming part of modern Chiba Prefecture.
List of daimyō
- Mizuno clan (fudai) 1827-1871
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||revenues|
|1||Mizuno Tadateru ( 水野忠韶?)||1827-1828||Oki-no-kami||Lower 5th (従五位下)||15,000 koku|
|2||Mizuno Tadamitsu ( 水野忠実?)||1828-1842||Oki-no-kami||Lower 5th (従五位下)||15,000 koku|
|3||Mizuno Tadayori ( 水野忠順?)||1842-1871||Hizen-no-kami||Lower 5th (従五位下)||15,000 koku|
The name of “Tsurumaki” came from the Mizuno’s Edo residence, which was located in Wadeda-Tsurumaki-cho.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Bolitho, Harold. (1974). Treasures among men; the fudai daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Kodama Kōta 児玉幸多, Kitajima Masamoto 北島正元 (1966). Kantō no shohan 関東の諸藩. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.