Location of Tsushima in Nagasaki Prefecture
|• Mayor||Takarabe Yasunari|
|• Total||708.61 km2 (273.60 sq mi)|
|• Density||56.42/km2 (146.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Chionanthus retusus|
|- Bird||Ring-necked Pheasant|
|Website||City of Tsushima|
Tsushima (対馬市 Tsushima-shi?) is a city located in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is the only city of Tsushima Subprefecture and it encompasses all of Tsushima Island Archipelago, which lies in the Tsushima Strait north of Nagasaki on the western side of Kyushu, the southernmost mainland island of Japan.
The city of Tsushima is located on Tsushima Island and other small neighbouring islands, lying slightly to the west side of Tsushima Strait, south of the Sea of Japan and north-east of the East China Sea. The island also lies between the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese mainland. Its coastline has a total length of 915 km. Aso Bay, a prominent bay with a rias coastline, is located between the islands. Tsushima lies about 60 km from Iki, 138 km from the city of Fukuoka, and 49.5 km from Busan, South Korea.
- Santsu-jima (三ッ島)
- Shimasan-jima (島山島)
Flora and fauna
Peculiar to the island is the Tsushima Cat. Present on the islands since ancient times, its numbers have decreased sharply, and it is now listed as an endangered species. As of 2009[update], it was estimated that only 80 to 100 animals remain.
Tsushima has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much heavier in summer than in winter.
|Climate data for Izuhara/Tsushima, Nagasaki|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.7
|Average low °C (°F)||1.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||75.5
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||135.6||125.8||164.6||160.1||186.2||134.9||134.3||175.8||127.0||159.6||142.9||141.7||1,788.5|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990) |
On April 1, 1975, Toyotama Village was promoted to the status of a town. Mine Village was also elevated to the status of a town in the following year.
The modern city of Tsushima was established on March 1, 2004, from the merger of six towns on Tsushima Island: Izuhara, Mitsushima and Toyotama (all from Shimoagata District), and Mine, Kamiagata and Kamitsushima (all from Kamiagata District). Both districts were dissolved as a result of this merger.
Demographics and culture
The population of Tsushima Island has been decreasing significantly, as evidenced by the 5.2% decrease between the years of 1995 and 2000. Nuclear families are replacing the traditional extended families, therefore, maintaining the number of households at a smaller population. The elderly population makes up for nearly a quarter of the population, much higher than 20.8% of the Nagasaki Prefecture and the national average of 17.3%. Religious traditions on Tsushima Island mirror those of the rest of Japan, with a majority of the population adhering to Buddhism or Shinto.
|Age 65 & older||4,995||5,437||5,884||6,735||8,016||9,395|
Tsushima is ideally located for fishing, and many Tsushima residents exploit this as fishermen. It is also famous for its pearl culture. The natural beauty of the Tsushima Islands ensures there is much to see and the tourism industry is quite substantial. Beaches are crowded with tourists in the summer.
- Tsushima Airport (TSJ)
- History of Japan
- So clan
- Tsushima Fuchu domain
- "Izuhara Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
- Info on Tsushima Shi
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tsushima.|
- Map of Tsushima, general overview 
- Tsushima's Statistics
- Tsushima Airport
- Old pictures of Tsushima
- Tsushima Tourist and Product Society