|Builder:||Russell & Company, Scotland|
|In service:||December 1914|
|Out of service:||August 22, 1944|
|Fate:||Sunk August 22, 1944 by USS Bowfin|
|Class & type:||Private cargo ship (Nippon Yusen) |
|Displacement:||6754 tons (6127 t)|
On August 22, 1944, at between 10:00 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. local time, the USS Bowfin attacked the convoy in which the Tsushima Maru was sailing and sank her, close to the island of Akusekijima. There were 1,484 civilians on board, including 826 schoolchildren (of which 767 were killed and 59 survived the sinking).
The ship was part of Convoy Namo 103, which consisted of the following ships:
- Tsushima Maru (passenger / cargo vessel)
- Kazuura Maru (listed as Waura Maru in some sources, assumed to be a cargo vessel)
- Gyōkū Maru (cargo vessel)
- Destroyer Hasu (Momi class)
- Gunboat Uji
The crew of the USS Bowfin would not discover until 20 years later that the unmarked, unlit passenger-cargo vessel was transporting children.
Its wreck was located and identified in December 1997.
- A Personal story of discovering family members lost aboard the Tsushima Maru http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QqWVfnK6cPo