|Prime Minister of Japan|
28 April 1994 – 30 June 1994
|Preceded by||Morihiro Hosokawa|
|Succeeded by||Tomiichi Murayama|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Japan|
9 August 1993 – 28 April 1994
|Prime Minister||Morihiro Hosokawa|
|Preceded by||Masaharu Kotoda|
|Succeeded by||Yohei Kono|
|Minister of Finance|
5 November 1991 – 12 December 1992
|Prime Minister||Kiichi Miyazawa|
|Preceded by||Toshiki Kaifu
|Succeeded by||Yoshiro Hayashi|
|Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries|
27 December 1988 – 3 June 1989
|Prime Minister||Noboru Takeshita|
|Preceded by||Takashi Sato|
|Succeeded by||Hisao Horinouchi|
28 December 1985 – 22 July 1986
|Prime Minister||Yasuhiro Nakasone|
|Preceded by||Moriyoshi Sato|
|Succeeded by||Mutsuki Kato|
24 August 1935 |
|Political party||Democratic Party (1998–present)|
|Liberal Democratic Party (Before 1993)
Renewal Party (1993–1994)
New Frontier Party (1994-1996)
Sun Party (1996–1998)
Good Governance Party (1998)
|Alma mater||Seijo University|
Tsutomu Hata (羽田 孜 Hata Tsutomu?, born 24 August 1935) is a Japanese politician and was the 80th Prime Minister of Japan for 9 weeks in 1994. He was a member of the lower house representing Nagano #3 district. He was elected 14 times, retiring in 2012.
He was born in Tokyo, a son of the Liberal Democratic Party Member of Parliament Bushiro Hata. Hata graduated from Seijo University and was employed by the Odakyu bus company from 1958 to 1969. In 1969, he entered the House of Representatives of Japan, representing Nagano Prefecture as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party. He rose to become a top lieutenant in the Tanaka/Takeshita faction in the 1980s.
In 1991, he served as Minister of Finance under Kiichi Miyazawa. He left the LDP in 1993 to found the Japan Renewal Party with longtime LDP ally Ichirō Ozawa, which became part of Morihiro Hosokawa's anti-LDP coalition government later that year. Hata served as foreign minister in the Hosokawa cabinet.
On 28 April 1994, Hosokawa resigned and Hata became prime minister. However, the Japan Socialist Party had recently left the coalition, destroying its majority in the Diet. Rather than face a vote of no confidence, Hata elected to resign in June, allowing SDP leader Tomiichi Murayama to take over the position on 30 June.
A number of progressive reforms were introduced during Hata's tenure as prime minister. A law passed on the 17th of June 1994 to amend the Law concerning Stabilization of Employment for Older Persons aimed to encourage employers to plan continuous employment for older employees after the age of 60, as well as to prohibit employers from setting a compulsory retirement age lower than 60 and appoint public corporations as centres “for the practical use of older workers’ experience.” On the 22nd of June 1994, the Support Centre for Employment of the Disabled was established by law to provide practical advice, vocational training, and information to disabled workers and employers. A health insurance amendment law passed on the 29th of June 1994 exempted employees from the requirement to pay National Health Insurance fees during child-care leave.
After the Shinseito merged into the Shinshinto in late 1994, Hata contested the leadership against Ichiro Ozawa. After losing this contest, he and twelve other Diet members formed the splinter Sun Party (太陽党 Taiyōtō). The Sun Party in January 1998 became a part of the Good Governance Party which itself was subsumed by the Democratic Party of Japan in April 1998.
Hata's son, Yuichiro, is a member of the House of Councillors of Japan. He was appointed the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism on 4 June 2012.
- "Constructive Chaos in Japan". The New York Times. 29 June 1994. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- DPJ website Tsutomu Hata – Profile 2011 Retrieved on 12 August 2012
- Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet website The Cabinet – Yuichiro Hata Retrieved on 15 August 2012
- The Japan Times "Foreign dignitaries honored with spring decorations," 10 May 2013
- Sanger, David E. "Man in the News; Cautious Leader in Japan: Tsutomu Hata." The New York Times. April 23, 1994.
|Minister of Foreign Affairs
|Prime Minister of Japan
|Deputy Prime Minister of Japan