Tuğ

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See Tugh for the Turkic horse-tail standard.

Coordinates: 39°35′06″N 46°57′55″E / 39.58500°N 46.96528°E / 39.58500; 46.96528

Tuğ
Տող
Tuğ is located in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Tuğ
Tuğ
Coordinates: 39°35′06″N 46°57′55″E / 39.58500°N 46.96528°E / 39.58500; 46.96528
Country De jure Azerbaijan
De facto Nagorno-Karabakh
Rayon
Province
Khojavend
Hadrut Province
Population (2005)
 • Total 679[1]
Time zone GMT +4 (UTC+4)

Tuğ (Armenian: Տող Togh and Tog) is a village in the Khojavend Rayon of Azerbaijan and Hadrut Province of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.[2]

History[edit]

Togh and the neighbouring fortress of Ktishberd, are first mentioned in the 9th century, as the capital of the Principality of Dizak.[2] Here in 854, Esayi Abu-Muse, the Prince of Dizak, defeated an 200,000 strong Arabian army under the command of Bugha al-Kabir.

In 1737, Prince Melik Yehan built a palace here. The principality would go on to survive until the last prince, Esayi Melik-Avanian, was killed by Ibrahim Khalil Khan in 1781, after a long-lasting resistance in the fortress of Ktishberd. Togh was a part of the Karabakh Khanate until 1822 when it was annexed by Russia and became part of the Elisabethpol Governorate.

In 1903 a hospital was built and three years later a village school was opened which today functions as a middle school.[2] A new school was built in 1978, which was renovated for the first time in 2008 by the Armenia Fund[3] There is also a house of culture, a movie theater and a library.[2]

In addition to nearby Gtichavank Monastery[2] there are nearby ruins of some churches including Stepanos Nakhavkayi Church of the 13th century.[2] The village church is named Saint Hovhannes and was built in 1736.[2] A few of the Yezanyan Meliks are buried in the yard of Saint Hovhannes Church.[2]

In March 1988, Armenian armed militia detachments were formed to defend the village from Soviet and Azeri attacks during the Nagorno-Karabakh War, and lives were lost.[2] Togh was captured by Azeri forces but was recaptured by the Armenian Army on October 30 1991.[4] As a result of the war Azeri villages were forced to flee and many settled in Beylagan Rayon

Population[edit]

In 1921, there was 1589 Armenians living here. In 1974, there were 1,228 Armenian inhabitants in the village,[2] and in 1987 there were 1421 Armenian inhabitants.[2] Two years later, 920 Azeris and 700 Armenians were recorded.

Notable Natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Results of 2005 census of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (Armenian) T. Kh. Hakobyan, St. T. Melik-Bakhshyan, H. Kh. Barseghyan «Երևան» (Yerevan). Dictionary of Toponymy of Armenia and Adjacent Territories. vol. v. Yerevan, Armenia: Yerevan State University Press, 2001, pp. 117.
  3. ^ Reconstruction of Togh Village School Completed
  4. ^ NKR President: Togh Liberation Was Historically Important