Tuanku Bainun

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Tuanku Bainun
Permaisuri (Queen) of Perak
Raja Permaisuri Agong
Tenure 26 April 1989 – 25 April 1994
Raja Permaisuri of Perak
Tenure 3 February 1984 – 28 May 2014
Spouse Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah
Issue Raja Nazrin Shah
Raja Dato’ Seri Azureen
Raja Dato’ Seri Ashman Shah
Raja Eleena
Raja Yong Sofia
Father Mohd Ali
Born 1932 (age 81–82)
Penang, Malaysia
Perak Royal Family
Coat of arms of Perak.svg

HRH Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah, The Sultan
HRH Tuanku Zara Salim Davidson, Raja Permaisuri

  • HH Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah, Raja Kechil Besar
  • HH Raja Nazira Safya

HH Raja Jaafar, Raja Muda
HH Raja Nur Mahani

  • Raja Shah Azman
  • Raja Nor Azwina

HH Raja Iskandar Zulkarnain, Raja Di-Hilir
HH Tunku Soraya of Kedah

  • Raja Nabil Imran
  • Raja Idris Shah
  • Raja Siffuddin
  • Raja Sarina Intan Bahiyah
  • Raja Safia Azizah

HH Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah, Raja Kechil Tengah

Tuanku Bainun binti Mohd Ali (born 1932) is the Permaisuri (Queen) of the Malaysian state of Perak. She was also the ninth Raja Permaisuri Agong (Queen) of Malaysia, the first commoner to be installed as Queen.


Tuanku Bainun was born in Penang in 1932 and received her early education at the St. George’s Girls School, Penang. She was selected to further her studies at the prestigious Teacher’s Training College, Kirkby, England from 1952 to 1954.

A year after returning from England, she married Sultan Azlan Muhibbudin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yusuff Izzudin Shah Ghafarullahu-lahu of Perak in 1955. The Sultan was then a Magistrate in Kuala Lumpur, while Tuanku Bainun was teaching at her former school. She has taught in various schools in Kuala Lumpur, Seremban, Raub, Taiping and Kuantan.

Becoming Queen[edit]

Upon her husband's accession to the Perak throne in 1984, she became Raja Permaisuri of Perak with the title of Tuanku. In Perak, Queens of royal blood are known as Raja Perempuan, while the title of Raja Permaisuri was reserved for commoner consorts. Her Royal Highness was officially proclaimed the Raja Permaisuri Perak Darul Ridzuan on February 19, 1988 in a historic ceremony at Istana Kinta in Ipoh.

Sultan Azlan Shah was selected as the ninth Yang di-Pertuan Agong and during the Oath Taking and Signing Ceremony on April 26, 1989, Tuanku Bainun was proclaimed Raja Permaisuri Agong. Tuanku Bainun is the first commoner ever to become Queen of Malaysia. Interestingly she was crowned Raja Permaisuri Agong on a new throne made of silver that replaced the ancient wooden throne used by Malaysia's eight previous Queens of royal blood, adding another first to her crown.

Royal Family[edit]

The royal couple have five children, two princes and three princesses. The eldest is Raja Nazrin Shah ibni Sultan Azlan Shah, who is also Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Perak. The others are Raja Dato’ Seri Azureen binti Sultan Azlan Shah, Raja Dato’ Seri Ashman Shah ibni Sultan Azlan Shah, Raja Eleena binti Sultan Azlan Shah and Raja Yong Sofia Binti Sultan Azlan Shah.[1]

Interests and Hobbies[edit]

Tuanku Bainun shares a common interest with the Sultan in sports, especially golf. She pays serious attention to her subjects and is always close to them, especially the women, and has a deep interest in welfare activities. Her hobbies include collecting recipes, floral arrangement and reading.


She was awarded:[2]

Honours of Perak[edit]

Honours of Malaysia[edit]

Foreign Honours[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Blazing trails in halls of Academia
  2. ^ The Royal Ark, Perak, p.16
  3. ^ Sultanah Bainum wearing former DK ribbon and current DK ribbon
  4. ^ Sultanah Bainum wearing DKA
  5. ^ Sultanah Bainum wearing DMN
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tengku Zanariah
(Sultanah of Johor)
Raja Permaisuri Agong
(Queen of Malaysia)
Succeeded by
Tunku Najihah
(Tunku Ampuan of Negeri Sembilan)