Tuao

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Tuao
Municipality
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Tuao
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Tuao
Tuao is located in Philippines
Tuao
Tuao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°44′N 121°27′E / 17.733°N 121.450°E / 17.733; 121.450Coordinates: 17°44′N 121°27′E / 17.733°N 121.450°E / 17.733; 121.450
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Cagayan
District 3rd District
Founded 1851
Barangays 32
Government[1]
 • Mayor Francisco N. Mamba Jr.
Area[2]
 • Total 215.50 km2 (83.21 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 57,620
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3528
Dialing code 78
Income class 1st class

Tuao is now a first class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 57,620 people.[3]

Barangays[edit]

Tuao is politically subdivided into 32 barangays.[2]

  • Accusilian
  • Alabiao
  • Alabug (Food Basket of Tuao)
  • Angang
  • Bagumbayan
  • Barancuag
  • Battung
  • Bicok
  • Bugnay
  • Bulagao
  • Cagumitan
  • Cato
  • Centro 1
  • Centro 2
  • Culong
  • Dagupan
  • Fugu
  • Lakambini
  • Lallayug
  • Malalinta
  • Malummin
  • Mambacag
  • Mungo
  • Naruangan
  • Palca
  • Pata
  • San Juan
  • San Luis (Gurengad)
  • San Vicente
  • Santo Tomas
  • Taribubu
  • Villa Laida

History[edit]

When the early Spanish missionaries were busy laying the foundation of a church late in the 16th century at a site about six kilometers from the present town of Tuao, a big bird came circling over them and then alighted on the wooden cross erected to mark the place where the cornerstone was laid. It flapped its wings noisily, cried "battuao, battuao, battuao" and then flew away.

The native laborers in the construction stopped working and refused to continue telling the priests that the site had not been well chosen. They insisted that a party should find out where the bird had flown to.

To humor the pagan natives, one of the priests allowed himself to be led by a party of natives to look for the mysterious bird. To his surprise, they found the bird serenely perched on top of a tall tree on the edge of a wide clearing ideal for a town site. He sent one of the natives to call for the other priests, who, on their arrival, found the place much to their liking. And so the first church of Tuao was constructed on the site where the present edifice now stands.

When the civil authorities founded the town in 1604, the natives insisted that it be called Tuao. Eight years later on May 13, 1612, Tuao was accepted ecclesiastically. Father Miguel de San Jacinto, O.P. gave the town Santos Angeles Custudios (Holy Guardian Angels) as its patron saints.

The early missionaries in Tuao were zealous evangelists and tactful pacifiers of warlike natives. One of them was Father Francisco Capillas who later became the first martyr in China. The first parish priest, Father Juan B. Cano, O.P. worked patiently with the people.

A late comer, Father Gabriel Serrano, O.P. built a strong brick and mortar church, a rectory (convento) and a fort (cotta) in which the Spaniards and the natives sought refuge every time the town was raided by the Kalingas from the Caraballo ranges. Unfortunately, these priceless monuments to the politicalization and evangelization of Tuao by the Spaniards were destroyed by a strong earthquake on December 29, 1749.

In protest of abuses committed by some Spanish civil petty officials and soldiers, the inhabitants of Tuao and neighboring Malaueg, rose in revolt in 1781 under Magtangaga and Tomas Sinaguingan. The uprising was put down by Capitan Juan Pablo de Orduna.

Tuao became a part of events during World War II as the seat of the successful renaissance government of Governor Marcelo Adduru. The Japanese Forces garrisoned the town when Adduru was captured late in 1943, but Adduru returned shortly after having been freed by his guerilla soldiers early in 1944. Donald Blackburn, staged from Tuao, his guerrilla headquarters, attacks against the Japanese in Tuguegarao.[4]:299-302

After the war, the inhabitants work in silent diligence. Most of them used their brawn to make living, they are independent from outside help and are friendly people.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tuao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 43,926 —    
1995 49,285 +2.18%
2000 53,536 +1.79%
2007 57,154 +0.91%
2010 57,620 +0.30%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: CAGAYAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Harkins, P., 1956, Blackburn's Headhunters, London: Cassell & Co. LTD

External links[edit]