Tubifera

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Tubifera
Tubifera ferruginosa-IMG 3438.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Amoebozoa
Phylum: Mycetozoa
Class: Myxogastria
Order: Liceida
Family: Reticulariaceae
Genus: Tubifera
Tubifera ferruginosa, fruiting on moss

Tubifera is a genus of slime moulds from the subclass Myxogastria. They comprise five species.

Characteristics[edit]

The fruit body are aethalia from numerous, closely pressed together sporangia, sometimes also smaller, looser or bundled grouplets. The oblong sporangia are ochre, pink or red to dark brown and may be shiny or shimmering. They open at the tip to release the spores.[1]

The hypothallus is spongy, occasionally raised to a stem-like, stock, dark-coloured structure or also, on Tubifera bombarda, soft and film-like thin. The membranous, single layered peridium is outlasting the below half. A pseudocapillitium may missing or exist. The spores are light yellow to red-brown.[1]

Habitat[edit]

Tubifera ferruginosa and Tubifera microsperma are more widespread and common that the other species from the genus.[2] All species, except Tubifera casparyii, are also common in the tropics.[1]

Classification[edit]

The genus was first described in 1873 by Józef Thomasz Rostafiński. The type species is Tubifera ferruginosa, first characterized as a Stemonitis species. The genus comprises five species, including:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Marie L. Farr: Myxomycetes, New York Botanical Garden, 1976, p.101
  2. ^ Michael J. Dykstra, Harold W. Keller: Mycetozoa In: An illustrated guide to the protozoa : organisms traditionally referred to as protozoa, or newly discovered groups, Society of Protozoologists, 2000, p.977
  3. ^ Leontyev, D.V.; Fefelov, K.A. (2012). "Nomenclatural status and morphological notes on Tubifera applanata sp. nov. (Myxomycetes)". Mycotaxon 120: 247–51. doi:10.5248/120.247.