List of stars in Tucana
|Right ascension||0 h|
|Area||295 sq. deg. (48th)|
|Stars with planets||5|
|Stars brighter than 3.00m||1|
|Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly)||2|
|Brightest star||α Tuc (2.87m)|
|Nearest star||LHS 1208
(26.55 ly, 8.14 pc)
Tucana is a constellation of stars in the southern sky, created in the late sixteenth century. Its name is Latin for the toucan, a South American bird. This is not a prominent constellation as all of its stars are third magnitude or fainter; the brightest is Alpha Tucanae at apparent visual magnitude 2.87.
The recommended three-letter abbreviation for the constellation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is 'Tuc'. The official constellation boundaries, as set by Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of 10 segments. In the equatorial coordinate system, the right ascension coordinates of these borders lie between 22h 08.45m and 01h 24.82m, while the declination coordinates are between –56.31° and -75.35°.
The constellation was one of twelve created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. It first appeared on a 35-cm diameter celestial globe published in 1597 (or 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius with Jodocus Hondius. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603.
Notable features 
Beta Tucanae consists of a group of six stars that may be loosely gravitationally bound into a system. The two brightest components, Beta-1 Tucanae and Beta-2 Tucanae, are separated by an angle of 27 arcseconds and have apparent magnitudes of between 4 and 5. They are (probably) accompanied by a third star, Beta-3 Tucanae, which is further away, separated by 9 arcminutes from them.
Kappa Tucanae is a group of four stars: two binary stars.
Lambda Tucanae is an optical double - that is, the name is give to two stars which appear close together from our viewpoint, but are in fact far apart in space. The two stars are known as Lambda 1 and Lambda 2. Lambda 1 is itself a binary star, with two components.
Deep-sky objects 
At the southern end of Tucana lies the Small Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy that is one of the nearest neighbors to the Milky Way galaxy at a distance of 210,000 light-years. Though it probably formed as a disk shape, tidal forces from the Milky Way have distorted it. Along with the Large Magellanic Cloud, it lies within the Magellanic Stream, a cloud of gas that connects the two galaxies.
The globular cluster 47 Tucanae (NGC 104) is located within its boundaries, though not in the galaxy itself, at a distance of 15,000 light-years. Mostly composed of old, yellow stars, it does possess a contingent of blue stragglers, young stars that are hypothesized to form from binary star mergers. 47 Tucanae has a magnitude of 3.9, meaning that it is visible to the naked eye; it is a Shapley class III cluster, which means that it has a clearly defined nucleus. Nearby globular clusters are the diminutive NGC 121, 10 arcminutes away from the bigger cluster's edge, and Lindsay 8.
NGC 362 is another globular cluster in Tucana with a magnitude of 6.4, 27,700 light-years from Earth. It is a Shapley class III cluster, which means that it has a clearly defined nucleus. Like neighboring 47 Tucanae, NGC 362 is among the brightest globular clusters in the sky. Unusually for a globular cluster, its orbit takes it very close to the center of the Milky Way - approximately 3,000 light-years. It was discovered in the 1820s by James Dunlop.
- Russell, Henry Norris (October 1922), "The New International Symbols for the Constellations", Popular Astronomy 30: 469, Bibcode:1922PA.....30..469R
- These are HD 4308, HD 215497, HD 221287, HD 7199 and HD 219077.
- These are Zeta Tucanae and LHS 1208.
- "Tucana, constellation boundary", The Constellations (International Astronomical Union), retrieved 2012-01-02
- Ridpath, Ian (1989), Star tales, James Clarke & Co., pp. 9–10, ISBN 0-7188-2695-7
- Sawyer Hogg, Helen (October 1951), "Out of Old Books (Pieter Dircksz Keijser, Delineator of the Southern Constellations)", Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 45: 215, Bibcode:1951JRASC..45..215S
- Cristiani, S.; D'Odorico, V. (October 2000), "High-Resolution Spectroscopy from 3050 to 10000 Å of the Hubble Deep Field South QSO J2233-606 with UVES at the ESO Very Large Telescope", The Astronomical Journal 120 (4): 1648–1653, arXiv:astro-ph/0006128, Bibcode:2000AJ....120.1648C, doi:10.1086/301575
- Wilkins, Jamie; Dunn, Robert (2006). 300 Astronomical Objects: A Visual Reference to the Universe. Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books. ISBN 978-1-55407-175-3.
- Levy 2005, pp. 163-164.
- Levy 2005, p. 165.
- Levy, David H. (2005). Deep Sky Objects. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-361-0.
- Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide, Collins, London. ISBN 978-0-00-725120-9. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0-691-13556-4.
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