Tucker County, West Virginia
|Tucker County, West Virginia|
Location in the state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 7, 1856|
|• Total||421 sq mi (1,090 km2)|
|• Land||419 sq mi (1,085 km2)|
|• Water||2 sq mi (5 km2), 0.53%|
|• Density||18/sq mi (7/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Tucker County is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was estimated at 6,995 for 2012. Its county seat is Parsons. Tucker County was created in 1856 from a part of Randolph County, then part of Virginia. In 1871, a small part of Barbour County, was transferred to Tucker County. The county was named after Henry St. George Tucker, Sr., a judge and Congressman from Williamsburg, Virginia.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
The highly profitable Babcock Lumber Company, operating out of Davis, West Virginia from 1907, was responsible for devastating environmental damage to much of surrounding Tucker County, including Canaan Valley, Dolly Sods and the Blackwater Canyon. These areas were clear-cut and the landscape converted into a tinderbox by the residual slashings. By 1910, fires swept over the wasteland, often burning continuously from spring until the first snows. In 1914, with the county virtually denuded of standing trees, the ground burned continually for 6 months. When the fires subsided, thin mineral soil and bare rock were all that remained. Uncontrollable soil erosion and flooding further degraded and depopulated the region, which bears the scars of the conflagration to the present day.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 421 square miles (1,091 km²), of which 419 square miles (1,085 km²) is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) (0.53%) is water.
- Preston County (north)
- Garrett County, Maryland (northeast)
- Grant County (east)
- Randolph County (south)
- Barbour County (west)
||Preston County||Garrett County, Maryland|
|Barbour County||Grant County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,321 people, 3,052 households, and 2,121 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,634 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.85% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.01% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,052 households out of which 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the county, the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $32,574. Males had a median income of $24,149 versus $17,642 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,349. About 14.90% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Incorporated cities and towns
Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Tucker County. A complete listing is available here
Points of interest
- Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service web site
- Fernow Experimental Forest U.S. Department of Agriculture web site
- Dolly Sods Wilderness U.S. Forest Service web site
- Monongahela National Forest U.S. Forest Service web site
National Natural Landmarks
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Tucker County WVGenWeb Page, accessed August 25, 2006.
- West Virginia Division of Culture and History - Tucker County History web page, accessed August 25, 2006
- Origins of West Virginia Place Names web site, accessed August 25, 2006.
- Brooks, Maurice (1965), The Appalachians (Series: The Naturalist's America), Illustrated by Lois Darling and Lo Brooks, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, pp 127-128.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- Maxwell, Hu, History of Tucker County, West Virginia, from the Earliest Explorations and Settlements to the Present Time; with Biographical Sketches of more than Two Hundred and Fifty of the Leading Men, and a Full Appendix of Official and Electoral History; Also, an Account of the Rivers, Forests and Caves of the County, Preston Publishing Company: Kingwood, West Virginia, 1884. (Reprinted by McClain Printing Company, Parsons, W.Va., 1971 and 1993.)
- Fansler, Homer Floyd (1962), History of Tucker County, West Virginia, Parsons, West Virginia: McClain Printing Company.
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