Tucson Unified School District

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Tucson Unified School District (TUSD) is the largest school district of Tucson, Arizona in terms of enrollment. As of 2006 TUSD had more than 60,000 students and approximately 3,700 faculty members. As of Fall 2012, according to Superintendent John Pedicone (on the 9/14/2012 Buckmaster Show) TUSD has 50,000 students. District enrollment has declined over the last 10 years and TUSD lost 1,700 to 2,000 students per year for the two or three years prior to 2012. There are many reasons for the change, including the population in general becoming more suburban and changes in school choice including increasing availability of Charter Schools and the approved ability to cross districts for school selection.

Area[edit]

The district boundaries encompass much of the City of Tucson, the city of South Tucson, and segments of Catalina Foothills and Tanque Verde. TUSD is currently under a federal desegregation order to help balance district schools in terms of race and ethnicity. The district was established as "School District No. 1" in 1867, and assumed its current name in 1977. The district has nine traditional high schools and several alternative high schools. The largest high school in the district, in terms of enrollment, is Tucson High Magnet School near downtown Tucson. According to the district website, 2945 students attended Tucson High during the 2006-2007 school year.[1] It is also the oldest high school in the district. Tucson High School was built in 1907 across the street from where it now stands. The school relocated to its present site in 1923. In 1956, the school had the largest enrollment of any high school in the United States, over 6,800 pupils. The original Tucson High building still exists as Roskruge Elementary and Bilingual Middle Magnet School. The TUSD also owns the radio station KWXL-LP .[2]

Controversy[edit]

In 2012, in response to state law HB2281, the district boxed and put into storage, or distributed to the district libraries, several books used in a course that was determined to be against state law A.R.S. 15-112, including the textbook Rethinking Columbus, and the Tempest.[3][4][5] Books were taken away while students were in class.[6] The dismantling of the Mexican-American studies departments and similar Mexican cultural courses has brought controversy over perceptions of xenophobia, and racism against Mexican-American students and their heritage. Events such as TUSD board meetings, in response to HB2281, have resulted in various arrests, injuries, and protests of students and faculty against HB2281.[7] However, TUSD has maintained a stance conveying interest in maintaining the Mexican-American studies program, and it can be speculated that the 4-1 decision in January 2012 to ban the program was a result of the resulting budget cuts that would take place due to a loss of state funding should TUSD continue the program.[8][9] On January 13, 2012, students walked out of class and held a protest against the banishment of the Mexican-American Studies program.[10][11]

The Daily Show aired a satirical piece on April 2, 2012 concerning the ban of Mexican-American studies as voted by the school board. The interview of Michael Hicks, a voting board member, put a negative light on the school district, and gave the impression that many authority figures among the TUSD board were ignorant or unsuited to their responsibilities as educators.[12]

The TUSD Governing Board's resolution of this issue has been to establish a course to be taken by all students that emphasizes multiculturalism and diversity.

Language Education[edit]

TUSD came under fire for cuts to the high school graduation requirements made in the year 2008— in years prior, senior high school students at TUSD were required to obtain at least two years of foreign language education in order to receive their high school diploma.[13] In 2008, the TUSD School board approved to revoke the mandate that required the two years foreign language education for each graduating student, citing budget cuts as the overarching problem.[13][14] The prominent Tucson newspaper, the Arizona Daily Star, later printed an editorial expressing its agreement with the new requirement, agreeing that they would rather see the budget cuts being made in the language department than in others, and stating that TUSD and the School Board did the reasonable thing under the situation.[14] Others disagreed with mandate expressing their concern on the fact that most public and private universities, including Tucson’s own University of Arizona, require at least two years of a high school foreign language class for admission.[13][15]

Demographics[edit]

As of March 2012, the demographics of the district were composed of: 61.3% Hispanic (of any race, primarily Mexican American), 24.1% non-Hispanic Whites, 5.6% Black, 3.8% Native American, 2.6% Multi-racial, and 2.5% Asian.[16]

Schools[edit]

Tucson High Magnet School
Mansfeld Middle School

Traditional High Schools[edit]

TUSD High Schools
School Enrollment Establishment Mascot Colors
Catalina* 1,317 1957 Trojans Royal Blue and White
Cholla* 1,786 1969 Chargers Orange and Navy Blue
Palo Verde* 1,250 1963 Titans Royal Blue and Gold
Pueblo* 1,900 1956 Warriors Navy Blue and Columbia Blue
Rincon 1,278 1958 Rangers Purple and White
Sabino 1,297 1972 Sabercats Purple and Gold
Sahuaro 1,736 1968 Cougars Red and Blue
Santa Rita 1,200 1969 Eagles Green and Gold
Tucson* 3,014 1892 Badgers Red and White

Magnet Program*

Other High Schools[edit]

Name Est. Mascot Colors
ArtWorks Academy
Aztec Middle College East
Aztec Middle College West
Howenstine High Magnet School Hawks Baby Blue and Black Closed in 2013
PACE Alternative High School
PASS Alternative High School
Project MORE
Teenage Parent Alt. Middle/High School
University High School 1977 Penguins Black and White

Traditional Middle Schools and K-8 Schools[edit]

Safford School entrance. Built 1918. Architect: Annie Rockfellow.
Name Est. Mascot Colors
Charles A. Carson Middle School (Closed 2013) 1967 Cougars
Ida Flood Dodge Traditional Magnet Middle School Bulldogs
Doolen Middle School Thunderbirds Burgundy and White
Rollin T. Gridley Middle School Grizzly Bears
Hohokam Middle School (closed 2013) Hawks Maroon and Yellow
Joseph W. Magee Middle School Roadrunners
Mansfeld Middle School 1929 Bulldogs Blue and White
Mary Belle McCorkle PreK-8 School 2011
Maxwell Middle School Mountain Lions
Naylor/Clara Fish Roberts K-8 School Spartans
Pistor Middle School Panthers
Roskruge Bilingual Magnet K-8 School 1914 Pumas/Cougars Turquoise and Black
Safford Engineering/Technology Magnet K-8 School Huskies
Delbert L. Secrist Middle School Scorpions
Madge Utterback Middle Magnet School Unicorns
Vail Middle School Falcons
Valencia Middle School Jaguars
Wakefield Middle School (Closed 2013) Knights

K-8 Schools[edit]

Name Est. Mascot Colors
Ft. Lowell/Townsend K-8

(closed 2013)

1958 Tigers Red and White

Elementary Schools[edit]

Name Region Mascot concerns
Banks Elementary School Drexel Heights
Blenman Elementary School Blenman-Elm Eagles
Clara Ferrin Bloom Elementary School Northeast
Ignacio Bonillas Basic Curriculum Magnet School Rosemont West
Booth-Fickett Math/Science Magnet School Northeast Falcons
Borman Elementary School Southeast
Borton Primary Magnet School South Park
Brichta Elementary School Southwest Bears Closed
Carillo Magnet School Barrio Viejo Cougars
Lillian Cavett Elementary School Western Hills 2
Collier Elementary School Northeast
Corbett Elementary School Southeast Cougars Closed 2013
Gertrude Cragin Elementary School Northwest Cougars
Davidson Elementary School Northwest
Davis Bilingual Elementary Magnet School Northwest Eagles
Dietz Elementary School Southeast Dragons
Drachman Montessori Magnet School Northwest Dragons Montessori school
Duffy Elementary School Northeast Closed in 2010.[17]
Alice F. Dunham Elementary School Southeast
Irene Erickson Elementary School Southeast
Inez C. Ford Elementary School Southeast
Fort Lowell Elementary School Northeast Merged with Townsend Middle School in 2010.[17]
Jacob C. Fruchthendler Elementary School Northeast Firebirds
Laura O. Gale Elementary School Northeast Tigers
Grijalva Elementary School Southwest Grizzlies Named for Raúl Grijalva. Bilingual Ed. and Gifted Education
Anna Henry Elementary School Northeast
Holladay Intermediate Magnet School Southwest RedHawks
Charles Hollinger Elementary School Southwest Merged with Wakefield and became K-8 in 2013
Peter Howell Elementary School Northwest
Hudlow Elementary School Southeast
Sam Hughes Elementary School Northwest Huskies
Jefferson Park Elementary School Northwest Panthers Closed in 2010 and merged with Blenman Elementary.[17]
Johnson Primary School Southwest
Kellond Elementary School Southeast Cougars
Anna E. Lawrence Elementary School Southwest
Adah Lineweaver Elementary School Northeast Lions
Lynn/Urquides Elementary School Southwest Coyotes
Lyons Elementary School(Closing 2013) Southeast Lions Closed in 2013
Maldonado Elementary School Southwest Bob Cats
Ricardo Manzo Elementary School Northwest Bobcats
Marshall Elementary School Southeast
Menlo Park Elementary School Southwest Closed in 2013
Miller Elementary School Southwest
Mission View Elementary School Southwest
Myers-Ganoung Elementary School Southeast
Ochoa Community Magnet School Northwest Panthers Reggio Emilia inspired school
Oyama Elementary School West
Pueblo Gardens Elementary School Northeast Now a K-8
Kate B. Reynolds Elementary School (Closed) Southeast Closed in 2010.[17]
Richey K-8 Northwest Closed in 2010. Students assigned to Roskruge [17]
Clara Fish Roberts Elementary School Southeast Merged with Naylor in 2010.[17]
Robins Elementary School Northwest
Robison Elementary School Northwest Roadrunners
Rogers Elementary School Southeast Roadrunners Closed in 2010.[17]
C. E. Rose Elementary School Southwest Named for Clinton E. Rose, TUSD Superintendent from 1920-1941. Selected for 2012 NCUST Excellence in Education Award.[18]
Roskruge Elementary School Downtown Cougars Same building as Roskruge Bilingual Magnet Middle School, building housed Tucson High School from 1907–1923. Named for George J. Roskruge.
Safford Elementary School Northwest Huskies
Schumaker Elementary School Northeast Closed in 2013
W. Arthur Sewell Elementary School Southeast Sabercats
Soleng Tom Elementary School Northeast Gifted and Talented Education(GATE). Named for Soleng Tom (1912–2000)
Steele Elementary School Northeast Stallions
Andy Tolson Elementary School Southwest
Tully Accelerated Elementary Magnet School Northwest Tigers Gifted and Talented Education(GATE)
Van Buskirk Elementary School Southwest Bears
James D. Van Horne Elementary School Northeast Vikings Closed in 2010.[17]
Vesey Elementary School Southwest
Frances J. Warren Elementary School Southwest
Wheeler Elementary School Southeast
John E. White Elementary School Southwest
W. V. Whitmore Elementary School Northeast
John B. Wright Elementary School Northwest Wildcats
Wrightstown Elementary School Northeast Closed in 2010 and merged with Anna Henry Elementary.[17]

Other schools[edit]

Name Comments
Direct Link For homebound students
Mary Meredith K-12
Miles Exploratory Learning Center Pre-school to grade 8. Named for Nelson A. Miles.
Brichta TUSD Infant and Early Learning Center[19]
Schumaker TUSD Infant and Early Learning Center[20]

Health Initiatives[edit]

The Tucson Unified School District has a number of policies outlined to meet federal requirements and to dynamically encourage a healthy lifestyle. The District Wellness Program states that, “Schools shall implement a comprehensive, integrated program for these two components of a coordinated school health program: nutrition and physical activity”.[21] To meet United States Department of Agriculture nutrition requirements, many of the breakfast and lunch options the TUSD offers are whole grain, like whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta and whole wheat hot dog and hamburger buns.[22] In addition, milk, fruits, and vegetables are always offered to students as sides.[22] The TUSD also requires that fundraising events that involve the sale of food meet the same health requirements that school lunches do, though special events such as sports are exempt.[21] Advertisements, such as those on the front of vending machines, must encourage students to purchase healthier options, like water; and other a la carte foods that do not meet health regulations can only be offered on an “infrequent basis."[21]

The TUSD addresses other challenges by recognizing that students will make health decisions based largely on the influence of their role models, like their parents/guardians and teachers. Therefore, the TUSD attempts to communicate with parents and guardians through a variety of channels about the benefits of a healthy lifestyle, and guardians are encouraged to pack lunches that meet USDA suggestions if their students do not purchase food from the school.[21] Newsletters published by the district also contain lists of foods that meet health regulations and would be popular for celebrations, such as birthday parties.[21] Furthermore, the district provides an Employee Wellness Committee, which provides health education to district employees, offers free physical activities for staff to partake in and opportunities for staff to monitor their own health and goals.[21]

To meet the physical activity aspect of the mission statement, the TUSD has partnered with the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) to provide standards regarding physical education and recess for younger grades.[21] The NASPE provides physical education teachers with appropriate time ranges that students should be active for, the number of times per week students should participate in physical activity, and suggestions to make physical education more individualized.[21] The TUSD also requires that schools have opportunities for students to be physically active before, during and after school, which incorporates recess, varsity and intramural sports, and open gyms and tracks.[21] Like with school lunches, the district also encourages parents and guardians to be physically active with their children and to encourage an overall healthy lifestyle.

The TUSD also supports health initiatives made by individual school. For example, Sam Hughes Elementary School has a community garden and offers culinary classes to its students as part of Michelle Obama's Let's Move! campaign.[23] The "Greening Group" at the school maintains the garden and is funded by the school's Parent Teacher Association.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://edweb.tusd.k12.az.us/thms/newsite/profile0607.doc
  2. ^ Tucson High Badger Foundation, Inc
  3. ^ Biggers, Jeff (January 13, 2012). "Who’s afraid of "The Tempest"?". salon. Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  4. ^ Norrell, Brenda (January 14, 2012). "Tucson schools bans books by Chicano and Native American authors". narcosphere. Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Shakespeare and Native American Authors Among Those Banned from Tucson Schools". Indian Country Todays Media Network. January 16, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Did Arizona School District Ban Mexican-American Studies Books?". NBC Latino. 17 January 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Opinion: What is the Tucson school district afraid of?". CNN. March 30, 2012. 
  8. ^ Tucson Unified School District. "Mexican American Student Services". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Winerip, Michael (March 19, 2012). "Racial Lens Used to Cull Curriculum in Arizona". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  10. ^ Biggers, Jeff (2012-01-23). "Tucson School Walk Outs Grow: Protest School District's Folly and Mexican American Studies Banishment". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  11. ^ Marizco, Michel (January 25, 2012). "Students Skip School For Mexican American Studies". Fronteras Desk. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  12. ^ Castellanos, Dalina (April 4, 2012). "Mexican American studies: 'Daily Show' Segment Strikes a Nerve". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c Bodfield (Dec 11, 2008). "TUSD ends Foreign-language Mandate". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved Mar 8, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Budget Crunch put TUSD in no-win Scenario". Arizona Daily Star. Dec 14, 2008. Retrieved Mar 12, 2008. 
  15. ^ "University of Arizona Entrance Requirements and Guidelines". 
  16. ^ http://tusdstats.tusd.k12.az.us/planning/profiles/curr_enr/anydate/anyenry.asp
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i "School Boundary Changes". Tucson Unified School District. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  18. ^ Huicochea, Alexis. "C.E. Rose Among 7 Top Grade Schools". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  19. ^ http://www.tusd1.org/contents/depart/earlylearning/brichta.asp
  20. ^ http://www.tusd1.org/contents/depart/earlylearning/schumaker.asp
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Wellness Regulation". Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Elementary School Menu". Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "Greening Group". Retrieved April 9, 2012. 

21. John Pedicone. September 14, 2012. Buckmaster show. http://www.buckmastershow.com/2012/09/14/buckmaster-show-9142012-tusd-looks (10/1/2012) 22. http://edweb.tusd.k12.az.us/uhs/admin/admissions/htm (10/1/2012) 23. http://edweb.tusd.k12.az.us/uhs/ (10/2/2012)

External links[edit]