A tudun was a governor resident in a town or other settlement in the ancient Bulgar, Avar or Gokturk empires, particularly those of the Bulgars and the Khazars. In Gothic, thiudnassam means 'kingdom'. The tudun was the personal representative of the imperial government and could function both as an administrator and a diplomat, functioning as city officials who have the responsibility to collect taxes and control vassals. At times, a tudun would be appointed for a town nominally under another power's control but de facto within the sphere of influence of the tudun's khagan.
- A.Z. Vinikov, S.A. Pletneva «На северных рубежах Хазарского Каганата» ("On the northern outskirts of the Khazar Khanate") 1998.
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