Tug Fork

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Coordinates: 38°07′05″N 82°36′06″W / 38.11806°N 82.60167°W / 38.11806; -82.60167
Tug Fork
River
Tug Fork.jpg
Country United States
States Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia
Counties McDowell WV, Buchanan VA, Pike KY, Mingo WV, Martin KY, Lawrence KY, Wayne WV
Tributaries
 - left Big Creek, Dry Fork, Panther Creek, Peter Creek, Pond Creek, Turkey Creek[disambiguation needed]
 - right Elkhorn Creek, Mate Creek, Pigeon Creek, Marrowbone Creek
Source Big Stone Ridge
 - location McDowell County, West Virginia
 - elevation 2,604 ft (794 m) [1]
 - coordinates 37°16′38″N 81°26′06″W / 37.27722°N 81.43500°W / 37.27722; -81.43500 [2]
Mouth Big Sandy River
 - location Louisa, Kentucky
 - elevation 545 ft (166 m) [2]
 - coordinates 38°07′05″N 82°36′06″W / 38.11806°N 82.60167°W / 38.11806; -82.60167 [2]
Length 159 mi (256 km)
Discharge for Kermit, West Virginia
 - average 1,457 cu ft/s (41 m3/s) [3]
 - max 35,400 cu ft/s (1,002 m3/s)
 - min 14 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Map of the Big Sandy River watershed, with its Levisa Fork (left) and Tug Fork (right) tributaries shown

The Tug Fork is a tributary of the Big Sandy River, 159 miles (256 km) long,[4] in southwestern West Virginia, southwestern Virginia, and eastern Kentucky in the United States. Via the Big Sandy and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River.

It is also known as the Tug Fork River. The United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Tug Fork" as the stream's official name in 1975.[2]

The Tug Fork rises in the Appalachian Mountains of extreme southwestern West Virginia, in southern McDowell County, near the Virginia state line. It flows in a meandering course through the mountains generally northwest, past Welch. Approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Welch, it briefly forms approximately 4 miles (6 km) of the state line between West Virginia (northeast) and Virginia (southwest). For the remainder of its course it forms part of the boundary between West Virginia (east) and Kentucky (west), flowing northwest past Williamson, West Virginia. It joins the Levisa Fork at Louisa, Kentucky to form the Big Sandy.

The river flows through an especially remote mountainous region in its upper course. The river valley between Pike County, Kentucky and Mingo County, West Virginia was the scene of the infamous Hatfield-McCoy feud in the late 19th century.

Toponymist George R. Stewart writes about the origin of the name "Tug Fork". In 1756 a small army of Virginians and Cherokees conducted war raids against the Shawnee. At one point they killed and ate two buffaloes and hung their hides on a tree. Later they returned and, being out of provisions, took the hides and cut them into thin strips called "tugs". These they roasted and ate. For this reason, the story goes, the stream was given the name "Tug." Stewart also points out another possible origin. Even if the story is true, the second explanation may have reinforced the name. In the Cherokee language "tugulu" refers to the forks of a stream, as in the Tugaloo River and other streams in former Cherokee lands named "tug".[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tug Fork Source". Elevation Query. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Tug Fork". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2004-04-24. 
  3. ^ "USGS 03214500 TUG FORK AT KERMIT, WV". National Water Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 13, 2011
  5. ^ George R. Stewart. Names on the Land. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston (1967).

External links[edit]

Media related to Tug Fork at Wikimedia Commons