Tuggeranong is the southernmost town centre of Canberra, the capital city of Australia. It comprises 19 suburbs with a total of 31,819 dwellings, housing 87,119 people of the 324,034 people in the Australian Capital Territory (2006 Census). The district occupies 117 square kilometres to the east of the Murrumbidgee River. From the earliest colonial times, the plain extending south into the centre of the present-day territory was referred to as Tuggeranong. The name is derived from an Aboriginal expression meaning "cold plains".
Cave paintings and Aboriginal artifacts discovered in the area confirm that the Tuggeranong region has been occupied by the original inhabitants, the Ngunnawal people, for over 21,000 years. The first Europeans arrived in the Canberra region in 1820 and a year later, a third expedition led by Charles Throsby reached the Murrumbidgee River near the present-day Pine Island and the valley now occupied by the Tuggeranong district. In 1823 Joseph Wild was employed by Brigade Major John Ovens and Captain Mark Currie to guide them to the Murrumbidgee. They travelled south along the river and named the area now known as Tuggeranong Isabella's Plain in honour of Governor Brisbane's infant daughter. Unable to cross the river near the current site of Tharwa, they continued on to the Monaro Plains.
The last expedition in the region was undertaken by Allan Cunningham in 1824. Cunningham's reports verified that the region was suitable for grazing, and the settlement of the Limestone Plains followed immediately thereafter.
In 1828, the bushranger John Tennant, known as the 'Terror of Argyle', was captured by James Ainslie and two others near the Murrumbidgee River in Tuggeranong. Tennant had been a convict assigned to Joshua John Moore at Canberry, a property in the present day inner north Canberra. Mount Tennent, behind Tharwa, is named after the bushranger (note the difference in spelling).
The first authorised settler was James Murdoch. In 1824 he was offered a land grant on a small plain known by the natives as 'Togranong' meaning 'cold plains'. He took up the grant in 1827. Lanyon station was established in 1835 and originally owned by James Wright, his brother William and John Lanyon. Wright bought the property from Lanyon, who had only remained in Australia for three years. In 1838, Wright commenced the building of the homestead, which he named after his partner, Lanyon. The homestead was built with the strength of a fort to withstand the attacks of bushrangers. Wright sold to the Cunningham family in 1847. In 1835 Thomas Macquoid, then Sheriff of the New South Wales Supreme Court, bought Tuggeranong station then known as Waniassa property (sic). The rural depression of 1840 hit hard and Macquoid committed suicide, fearing bankruptcy when he lost a civil suit brought by one William Henry Barnes. His son took over the estate and creditors allowed him to continue to operate it until it was sold by the Macquoid family in 1858 to the Cunningham family, owners of the neighbouring Lanyon property. They renamed Waniassa to Tuggranong. The whole area was part of the Tuggeranong parish in the late nineteenth century. Tuggranong homestead was rebuilt by the Cunningham family in 1908. In 1917 it was resumed by the Commonwealth Government for military purposes. The Cunningham family remained at Lanyon until 1926. Charles Bean, together with his staff, wrote the first two volumes of the twelve volume official history of Australia's involvement in World War I at the homestead from 1919 to 1925. The Tuggeranong property was leased as a grazing property by the McCormack family from 1927 to 1976.
In 1973, the third of the new towns planned for Canberra was inaugurated at Tuggeranong on 21 February. It was originally planned to house between 180,000 to 220,000 people. Planning for the new town had begun in 1969. The first families moved into the suburb of Kambah in 1974.
The fifth Canberra fire station opened at Kambah in 1979 to service the new developing satellite city.
Urban development is consolidated around Lake Tuggeranong which was created by the construction of a dam on a tributary of the Murrumbidgee river in 1987. On the edge of the lake are a number of community facilities, including Lake Tuggeranong College, a school catering to years 11 and 12 (16 – 18 years old); a Library, which is part of Library and Information Services, a Community Centre, two fast food outlets, and the Tuggeranong Arts Centre.
The Tuggeranong Town Centre is to the west of the lake. It includes a major shopping centre, known as the Tuggeranong Hyperdome (referring to the architectural use of semi-opaque domes in the roof) or by the newer name Centro Tuggeranong Hyperdome. Centro Tuggeranong Hyperdome is managed, developed and part owned by Centro Properties Group. It is surrounded by offices of the Australian and ACT Governments, and a light industrial area.
Places of interest
Places of interest in the district are:
- Tuggeranong Arts Centre - a community facility including workshops, gallery, dance studio and theatre.
- Tuggeranong Hill - a large mountain overlooking the valley.
- Lanyon Homestead - a historic grazing property that also has the Nolan Gallery
- Tuggeranong Homestead - a historic homestead now operated as a café and function or event centre.
- Centro Tuggeranong Hyperdome - large regional shopping centre
- Tuggeranong Town Centre - the town centre
a Division Name
prices 2005 _
|Banks||4,907||28 years||2.8 persons||2.24||1,619||1992||12 March 1987||$308,000 _|
|Bonython||3,363||30 years||2.9 persons||2.90||1,200||1989||17 October 1986||$346,000 _|
|Calwell||5,929||30 years||3 persons||3.87||1,560||1986||5 August 1975||$310,000 _|
|Chisholm||5,378||29 years||3.1 persons||3.11||1,823||1982||5 August 1975||$305,000 _|
|Conder - Lanyon Market Place||5,051||28 years||3.2 persons||4.51||966||1991||12 March 1987||$300,000 _|
|Fadden||3,215||35 years||3.3 persons||3.11||1,064||1981||5 August 1975||$480,000 _|
|Gilmore||2,905||28 years||3.3 persons||2.10||1,415||1985||5 August 1975||$325,000 _|
|Gordon||7,869||29 years||3 persons||4.47||1,667||1990||12 March 1987||$300,000 _|
|Gowrie||3,226||31 years||3.1 persons||1.93||1,702||1981||5 August 1975||$352,000 _|
|Greenway - Tuggeranong Town Centre||1,129 ||34 years||2.2 persons||5.35||181||1988||17 October 1986||$408,000 _|
|Hume||6||~||~||8.80||~||22 March 1982||$292,000 _|
|Isabella Plains||4,317 ||29 years||2.9 persons||2.49||1,761||1985||5 August 1975||$295,000 _|
|Kambah - Kambah Village Centre||15,579||33 years||2.8 persons||11.30||1,428||1974||22 March 1973||$310,000 _|
|Macarthur||1,582||32 years||3.3 persons||1.27||1,251||1983||22 March 1982||$375,000 _|
|Monash||5,550||32 years||3 persons||3.41||1,688||1978||5 August 1975||$332,000 _|
|Oxley||1,788||31 years||3 persons||1.08||1,700||1985||22 March 1982||$366,000 _|
|Richardson||3,233||29 years||3 persons||2.24||1,493||1981||5 May 1975||$278,000 _|
|Theodore||4,109||28 years||3.1 persons||3.13||1,330||1986||5 August 1975||$303,000 _|
|Wanniassa - Erindale Centre||7,933||33 years||2.9 persons||5.43||1,513||1975||21 May 1974||$330,000 _|
A 1975 map released by Archives ACT  shows that many more suburbs were planned, and that the eventual layout of Tuggeranong is very different to what the planners were thinking. Suburbs planned (But not built, or had their name changed) were:
- Hume (Now an industrial suburb bordering NSW)
- "Discover our Territory". Canberra & District Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
- Watson, Dr. F (1931). Year Book Australia. Gungahleen, Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, ABS cat. no. 1301.0. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Our History, Our Territory
- "LANYON SOLD.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 10 July 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "Lanyon—107 years young.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 20 April 1966. p. 21. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "SUPREME COURT—TUESDAY.". The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW : 1838 - 1841) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 20 August 1841. p. 2 Edition: MORNING. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "SYDNEY.". Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 2 November 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Exploring the ACT and Southeast New South Wales, J. Kay McDonald, Kangaroo Press, Sydney, 1985, p 45 ISBN 0-86417-049-1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tuggeranong, Australian Capital Territory.|
- Tuggeranong suburbs map - links to ACT Government street-level maps.
- Canberra region map - all districts
- Australian Bureau of Statistics
- Tuggeranong Homestead
- Lanyon Homestead
- Nolan Gallery
- Google Maps Satellite Image of Tuggeranong