Tuguegarao

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Tuguegarao
Component City
Tuguegarao City Scenery.jpg
Official seal of Tuguegarao
Seal
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Tuguegarao
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao is located in Philippines
Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°37′N 121°43′E / 17.617°N 121.717°E / 17.617; 121.717Coordinates: 17°37′N 121°43′E / 17.617°N 121.717°E / 17.617; 121.717
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Cagayan
Congr. district 3rd District of Cagayan
Township May 9, 1604
Cityhood December 18, 1999
Barangays 49
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Jefferson Pattaui Soriano
 • Vice-Mayor Engelbert C. Caronan
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total 144.80 km2 (55.91 sq mi)
Population (May 1, 2010)[3]
 • Total 138,865
 • Density 960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demonym Tuguegaraoeños
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3500
Dialing code 78
Website www.tuguegaraocity.gov.ph

Tuguegarao is the capital city of the province of Cagayan, Philippines. It is located on a peninsula surrounded by the Cagayan and Pinacanauan Rivers. The Pinacanauan joins the Cagayan River in Tuguegarao. The city is surrounded by the Sierra Madre Mountains to the east, Cordillera Mountains to the west, and the Caraballo Mountains to the south. It is one of the settlements on the southern border of the province.

The population of the city as of the May 1, 2010 census is 138,865 people.[3] Most inhabitants are Ibanag, Ilokano, Tagalog, Itawes and Kapamapangan among others. Some are of Chinese and Indian descent.

The highest temperature in the Philippines was recorded in Tuguegarao on April 29, 1912, and May 11, 1969, at 42.2 °C (108.0 °F).[4] Average temperature during March and April is 38 °C (100 °F), one of the highest in the country.

Barangays[edit]

The city is politically subdivided into 49 barangays.[2]

  • Annafunan East (Urban)
  • Annafunan West (Urban)
  • Atulayan Norte (Urban)
  • Atulayan Sur (Urban)
  • Bagay
  • Buntun (Urban)
  • Caggay (Urban)
  • Capatan
  • Carig Norte
  • Carig Sur (Urban)
  • Caritan Centro (Urban)
  • Caritan Norte (Urban)
  • Caritan Sur (Urban)
  • Cataggaman Nuevo (Urban)
  • Cataggaman Pardo
  • Cataggaman Viejo
  • Centro 1 (Pob.)
  • Centro 2 (Pob.)
  • Centro 3 (Pob.)
  • Centro 4 (Pob.)
  • Centro 5 (Pob.)
  • Centro 6 (Pob.)
  • Centro 7 (Pob.)
  • Centro 8 (Pob.)
  • Centro 9 (Pob.)
  • Centro 10 (Pob.)
  • Centro 11 (Pob.)
  • Centro 12 (Pob.)
  • Dadda
  • Gosi Norte
  • Gosi Sur
  • Larion Alto
  • Larion Bajo
  • Leonarda (Urban)
  • Libag Norte (Urban)
  • Libag Sur (Urban)
  • Linao East
  • Linao Norte
  • Linao West
  • Namabbalan Norte
  • Namabbalan Sur
  • Pallua Norte
  • Pallua Sur
  • Pengue-Ruyu (Urban)
  • San Gabriel (Urban)
  • Tagga
  • Tanza (Urban)
  • Ugac Norte (Urban)
  • Ugac Sur (Urban)

Etymology[edit]

There are several versions looming about the origin of the name of the city of Tuguegarao. One is the abundance of "tarrao" trees in the area. Another is "garrao" meaning swift current, possibly of the Pinacannauan River. Another is from the word "tuggui" meaning fire. Another recorded version is, the town was formerly called Twerao by the people of the northern towns. Still another is that the name Tuguegarao comes from two Ibanag words "tuggui" (fire) and "aggao" (day), possibly referring to a daytime fire that happened in the town. The most accepted version is the Ibanag reply to Spaniards, "Tuggui gari yaw." meaning "This used to be fire." or the town was carved out of the wilderness by clearing and burning. By 1591, the place was listed as a Spanish encomienda (land grant) called Tubigarao.[5]

History[edit]

Founding of the town[edit]

The community was governed as a barangay established by the Dominicans as a mission until the Spaniards gave it the status of pueblo (municipality) on May 9, 1604, making it one of the political units of the province of Cagayan. The settlement was a small in terms of population but was big in territory, which then included what would later become the provinces of Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino till the 1850s. As a mission pueblo and with assigned encomendero (landlord) to Tuguegarao, the inhabitants (as tenants) were made to pay taxes in the form of poultry products and other food products. Resentments later flared and the people of Tuguegarao revolted in 1605, killing the encomendero. Again, the people of Tuguegarao revolted in 1718 and then 1761 under a leader named Rivera.

The Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto (Stone Chapel of Saint Hyacinth) established in 1604.

The first parochial building of Tugugarao was constructed in 1604, a chapel that became the foundation of what is now the Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto (Stone Chapel of Saint Hyacinth) dedicated to Saint Hyacinth, the patron saint of Tuguegarao. The present chapel is the latest in a process of rebuilding that started in 1724 when it was rebuilt by Fr. Bernabe de la Magdalena, O.P..

Provincial capital[edit]

Tuguegarao became the capital of Cagayan province in 1839 when the provincial seat of power was relocated from Lal-lo. The decline of Lal-lo became the transformation of Tuguegarao as the most important town in Cagayan.

American colonial period[edit]

Tuguegarao was occupied by American troops on December 12, 1899. During World War II, the city and its airfield of some significance was captured by the Japanese Imperial Army on December 8, 1941. The city and airfield were bombed by the US and Philippine regularly between January and May 1945; the Japanese had left by that time. The local recognized guerrillas helped by entering the town, Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Army and Constabulary units and USAFIP-NL military units came in early June; the town was officially liberated on June 25, 1945.

After World War II[edit]

Sitio Capatan was elevated into a Barrio (or barangay) Capatan of Tuguegarao on April 3, 1959 by Republic Act no. 2107.[6]

Growth[edit]

Tuguegarao was once the only first class municipality in the province of Cagayan. It has served as the provincial capital of Cagayan since 1839 because of the notable socio-economic progress of the town. In 1975, Tuguegarao was declared as the capital and seat of the regional government of Cagayan Valley (Region II) being the region's geographic center with adequate facilities and amenities needed by such.

New barangays were formed in the 1970s that by 1981, Tuguegarao had 49 barangays, 12 of which were urban. The late 1980s saw the gradual expansion of the urban core of Tuguegarao to the outlying barangays of Ugac, Caritan and Atulayan. With the fast rising prices of real estate in the poblacion (city center), residents found it profitable to sell their properties in the poblacion and buy lots in the surrounding barangay neighborhoods, but still close to avail the amenities of the city.

By 1980, Tuguegarao had a population of 73,507. The increase in population could be attributed to various factors. One is the increasing peace and order problems in the other towns in the region driving the people to Tuguegarao, which is relatively free of the insurgency problem with the visible presence of the military and its geographic location. Another factor is the presence of the schools, whose quality of education is highly comparable to that of Metropolitan Manila. Others come because of the increase in trade and industry. The completion of the Maharlika Highway made Region II more accessible to people from other areas.

The year 1983 marked the quadricentennial celebration of the establishment of the civil government of the Province of Cagayan. In the week long celebration held in Tuguegarao, several Philippine cabinet ministers visited the town and province.

Of very great consideration is the town's tremendous improvement in social services and infrastructure facilities since 1975. In the 1980s and 1990s, multistory buildings were constructed in the poblacion greatly changing Tuguegarao's skyline. Other changes included landscaped schools and homes, cable television, air-conditioned buses, jet flights, telegraph and telex services, door-to-door delivery services, domestic and overseas long-distance calls, luxurious social amenities and other trappings of a highly urbanized town.

Hotel Delfino siege[edit]

The Hotel Delfino siege was a bloody coup attempt that happened on March 4, 1990, when suspended Cagayan governor Rodolfo "Agi" Aguinaldo and his armed men of 200 seized Hotel Delfino in Tuguegarao. Brigader General Oscar Florendo, his driver and four members of the civilian staff, and several other people were held hostage for several hours. A gunfight was launched to kill Aguinaldo and his men but one of the suspended governor's men was found dead in a checkpoint shootout, Brig. Gen. Florendo and 12 others were also dead and 10 more wounded. Aguinaldo was slightly wounded in a car gunfight but eventually escaped and hid into the mountains.

Component city[edit]

Tuguegarao became a component city after it was affirmed in a plebiscite held on December 18, 1999. Randolph Sera Ting is the first mayor of the new city. On July 2, 2007, Delfin Telan Ting (who was then a municipal mayor from 1988 to 1998) was elected to become the second mayor of the city.

Demographics[edit]

Population of Tuguegarao City
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1918 17,000 —    
1939 19,300 +0.61%
1948 10,500 −6.54%
1960 27,600 +8.39%
1970 59,200 +7.93%
1980 73,507 +2.19%
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 94,787 +2.58%
1995 107,275 +2.51%
2000 120,645 +2.38%
2007 129,539 +1.02%
2010 138,865 +2.34%
Source: National Statistics Office & Jan Lameyer

Economy[edit]

Within the past three decades, its economy gradually shifted from agriculture to secondary/tertiary economic activities such as trading, commerce and services. The shift was ushered by Tuguegarao's role as the provincial and regional government center and one of the centers of commerce in Northern Luzon. Banking, educational, commercial, industrial and tourism-related activities proliferate in the area.

On the average, about 142 additional business establishments are registered every year reflecting an average increase of 7.83%. As of 2006, there were 5,709 registered business establishments for which more than half are located in the Poblacion and less than one-third (1/3) are in the urban barangays. Of the 5,709 registered establishments, 53.48% or 3,053 are wholesale and retail trade establishments. Financing, insurance and real estate firms contributed 488 or 8.54%, and the remaining 2,168 or 37.98% consist of service enterprises and social amenities to include business, recreational, personal, utility and other services. At present, there are 31 banks operating in the city.[citation needed]

Festivals[edit]

  • Pav-vurulun Festival is a week long celebration that usually ends on August 16 annually. Pav-vurulun is an Ibanag word which means get-together or a sense of belonging. It is in this context that the city annually celebrates its patronal fiesta in honor of St. Hyacinth, the patron saint of the city. It gathers Tuguegaraoeños to a week long festivities culminating with a mass and procession of the patron saint on August 16. The week long celebration is a festival of activities marked by parades, beauty contests, Pancit Battil Patung eating contest, street dancing competition, music festival, sports fest, and trade fairs among others.

Places of interest[edit]

Buntun Bridge
  • Buntun Bridge is one of the longest bridges in the country at 1.124 kilometers (0.698 mi). It is 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) from the city proper and offers an unobstructed view of the Cagayan River.
Saint Peter Metropolitan Church
  • Sts. Peter and Paul Metropolitan Cathedral is the seat of the Archdiocese of Tuguegarao. The Diocese of Tuguegarao was erected on April 10, 1910.[7] Pope Paul VI elevated the Diocese of Tuguegarao into an Archdiocese on September 21, 1974. The church with the belfry is the biggest Spanish colonial church in Cagayan Valley built by the Dominicans who came to evangelize Cagayan Valley. It was constructed from January 17, 1761 to 1767 under the supervision of Fr. Antonio Lobato, O.P.. The cathedral suffered massive destruction in World War II losing its pipe organ, three wooden retablos, pulpit, wooden choir loft and the painted wooden ceiling all of which were from the early 18th century. The old convent adjacent to the cathedral church was also razed to the ground during the war and was demolished to make way for a new one. The complex was rebuilt by Msgr. Bishop Constance Jurgens who is now entombed inside the church. The Cathedral is also said to be one of the beautiful structures that stood in the land and because of that impression, its portrait can also be seen in Vatican City. The traditional ringing of the cathedral bells for the Angelus and during Mass is still being practiced today.
  • St. Hyacinth Church (San Jacinto Church) or the Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto (Stone Chapel of San Jacinto) is an elevated historic chapel established in 1604, 100 years older than the Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral. American soldiers during the Philippine-American War used it as headquarters in 1899. St Hyacinth is the patron saint of the city whose feast is celebrated every August 15 coinciding with the Pav-vurulun Festival. The oldest brick structure in the city is the first parochial building built by the Dominican fathers in Tuguegarao. The current structure is the latest in a process of rebuilding beginning in 1724, in 1892 after it was destroyed by an earthquake and reconstruction after World War II. The chapel was not heavily damaged during the war and as a result retains its original wooden retablo which dates back to the 18th century.
  • Cagayan Provincial Museum and Historical Research Center is located at the provincial capitol complex. It was conceived by the Provincial Board in 1971 and became operational on its inauguration on August 15, 1973 during the traditional Aggao na Cagayan. It is a general museum that houses an extensive collection of artifacts, antiques, ethnography, trade wares, heirloom pieces and liturgical works of the province and fossils of animals that once roamed the valley. The museum houses extensive data on the discovery of Callao Man by the National Museum of the Philippines. The center is only 5 km (3.1 mi) from Tuguegarao.
  • St. Paul University Philippines is located along Mabini Street. It was founded by the Sisters of St. Paul of Chartres in 1907, who came to Cagayan upon the invitation of Bishop Dennis Dougherty. The school had its operation in a Spanish Convento, adjoining the Cathedral of Tuguegarao. The institution transferred to its present location in 1934 after it was acquired from the Dominican Order. The entire building complex became hospital and garrison of the Japanese forces during World War II and was bombed by the Americans during the liberation in 1945. The institution became the first Catholic University in Region II in 1982 and the first Private Catholic University in Asia and the Philippines to be granted ISO 9001 Certification by TUV Rheinland in 2000.

Local government[edit]

City officials (2007-2010)[edit]

Position Name
City Mayor Delfin Telan Ting
City Vice-Mayor Danilo L. Baccay
City Councilors Rosauro G. Resuello
Eliseo B. Ave
Perla C. Tumaliuan
Estelita U. Dayag
Michael S. Ting
Bienvenido C. de Guzman II
Engelbert C. Caronan
Noel A. Mora
Ronaldo Boyet Salazar Ortiz
Loreto B. Valdepeñas
Segundo P. Urata
Jonas C. Taguiam* / Anthony Chua Tuddao**
*2007-2008 **2008-2010
Ex Officio
City Councilors
Hilario Larry Sera Ting (Liga ng mga Barangay)
Nicole Jasmine Cabugos (Sangguniang Kabataan)

City officials (2010-2013)[edit]

Position Name
City Mayor Delfin Telan Ting
City Vice-Mayor Danilo L. Baccay
City Councilors Engelbert C. Caronan
Michael Sera Ting
Rosauro G. Resuello
Bienvenido C. de Guzman II
Noel A. Mora
Ronaldo Boyet Salazar Ortiz
Eliseo B. Ave
Anthony Chua Tuddao
Estelita U. Dayag
Kendrick Calubaquib
Perla Cabalza Tumaliuan
Jude Tuliao Bayona
Ex Officio
City Councilors
Hilario Larry Sera Ting (Liga ng mga Barangay)
Nadine Jerome Cabugos (Sangguniang Kabataan)

Current city officials (2013-2016)[edit]

Position Name[1]
City Mayor Atty. Jefferson P. Soriano
City Vice-Mayor Engelbert Calubaquib Caronan
City Councilors Bienvenido C. de Guzman II
Rosauro G. Resuello
Ronaldo Boyet S. Ortiz
Perla C. Tumali
Maila Ting Que
Noel A. Mora
Kendrick Calubaquib
Jude Tuliao Bayona
Estelita U. Dayag
Loreto Valdepeñas
Aurora A. Ave
Anthony Chua Tuddao

Transportation[edit]

On land[edit]

Tuguegarao serves as a vital transportation and communication hub. It can be reached using buses with en route to Tuguegarao, Baggao, Aparri, and also Santiago. Bus services that operate in Tuguegarao include Victory Liner, GV Florida Transport, Baliwag Transit, Dalin Liner and many smaller feeder minibuses which offers services like Sleeper, Super Deluxe, Deluxe, Air conditioned, and Ordinary Fare.

There are also some vans that plies to Claveria, Sta.Praxedes, Aparri, Sta.Ana, Alcala, Lasam and Junction Luna, Abulug in Cagayan, Santiago City, Roxas, Ilagan City and Cauayan City in Isabela, Luna and Kabugao in Apayao. There are also mini buses plying to Lasam, Allacapan, Claveria, Santiago City and Roxas. There are jeeps with routes to Iguig, Tuao, Enrile, Tabuk and Rizal in Kalinga and some mountainous barrios in Cagayan.

There are also many tricycles and calesa for the city public transportation.

By air[edit]

The Tuguegarao City Domestic Airport is a modern facility at 21.036 meters or 69 feet above sea level and is capable of handling Boeing-737-sized aircraft. Small aircraft, helicopters and army cargo aircraft also utilize the airport. Cebu Pacific, Sky Pasada and PAL Express are the available domestic airline companies which provide daily flights to and from the city.

Medical institutions[edit]

  • Dr. Ronald P. Guzman Medical Center (Private)
  • Cagayan Valley Medical Center (Public)
  • Tuguegarao City People's General Hospital (Public)
  • Holy Infant Hospital (Private)
  • Clinica De Leon (Private)
  • Divine Mercy Wellness Center (Private)
  • Saint Paul's Hospital (Private)

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

There are several universities and colleges that are situated in the city. Majority of the universities and colleges of the Province of Cagayan are in Tuguegarao. Hence, the city is considered as the University Capital of Region 02. Also, numerous technological and vocational institutes are located in the city. The Philippine Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) offers short-term courses to all Cagayanos. The following schools offer tertiary education for the citizens of the region:

High schools[edit]

There are many public and private schools here in Tuguegarao.

Elementary[edit]

  • Annafunan Elementary School
  • Arnulfo Interior and Carol Doctolero Montessori
  • Atulayan Elementary School
  • Balzain East Elementary School
  • Bagay Elementary School
  • Buntun Elementary School
  • Capatan Elementary School
  • Carig Elementary School
  • Carig Norte Primary School
  • Caritan Norte Elementary School
  • Cataggaman Elementary School
  • Cataggaman Nuevo Primary School
  • Dadda Primary School
  • Fatima Montessori
  • Florencio L. Vargas College Grade School Department
  • Gosi Elementary School
  • Holy Trinity Montessori School
  • John Wesley College Elementary Department
  • Kebing School
  • Larion Alto Elementary School
  • Larion Bajo Elementary School
  • Leonarda-Pengue-Ruyu Elementary School
  • Libag Elementary School
  • Linao Elementary School
  • Methodist Christian School
  • Montessori de Cagayan
  • Namabbalan Elementary School
  • Our Lady of Perpetual Help Montessori School (Grade School)
  • Pallua Elementary School
  • Pardo Elementary School (Cataggaman Pardo)
  • San Gabriel Elementary School
  • Tagga-Dadda Elementary School
  • St. Clare Montessori School
  • St. Paul University Philippines Grade School Department
  • Tuguegarao Central School
  • Tuguegarao East Central School
  • Tuguegarao North Central School
  • Tuguegarao Northeast Central School
  • Tuguegarao West Central School
  • Ugac Sur Elementary School
  • University of Cagayan Valley Grade School Department
  • University of St. Louis Tuguegarao Grade School Department

Daycare centers[edit]

The city has 63 barangay daycare centers. Currently, there are about 3,000 daycare pupils that are on the program. Moreover, there are also several privately operated daycare centers that are scattered in the city.

Specialized education[edit]

Far East Christian Deaf Academy provides education from pre-school to middle school operated and funded by the Church of the Living God at Sharon Village, Barangay Cataggaman Nuevo. The University of Saint Louis Tuguegarao also has an elementary school program for the hearing impaired.[8]

International students[edit]

Students from China, Congo, India, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Korea have come to study at St. Paul University Philippines, University of St. Louis Tuguegarao and Cagayan State University. Most of the international students have come to study degrees such as Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Bachelor of Science in Biology, Bachelor of Secondary Education and Doctor of Medicine.[9]

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

AM stations:

  • DZHR: DZRH 536 kHz (Manila Broadcasting Company)
  • DZTG: Radyo Ronda 612 kHz (Radio Philippines Network)
  • DZCV: Radyo Sanggunian 684 kHz (Filipinas Broadcasting Network)
  • DWPE: Radyo ng Bayan 729 kHz (Philippines Broadcasting Service)
  • DZYT: Sonshine Radio 765 kHz (Kingdom Broadcasting Network)
  • DZGR: Bombo Radyo 891 kHz ( People's Broadcasting Service)

FM stations:

  • DWWQ: Barangay 89.3 Tugstugan Na (formerly Campus Ayos) (RGMA Network)
  • DWCN: Magik FM 91.7 MHz (Century Broadcasting Network)
  • DWYA: Bay Radio 92.5 MHz (Baycomms Broadcasting Corporation)
  • DWIC: Star FM 93.3 MHz (Newsounds Broadcasting Network)
  • DWRJ: RJ FM 96.5 MHz ( Rajah Broadcasting Network)
  • DWXY: Bigsound FM 100.5 MHz(Vanguard Broadcasting Network)
  • DWMT: Radyo Maria 101.5 MHz

Television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: CAGAYAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  4. ^ (2013-04-04). "PAGASA: Hottest day so far this year in NCR at 35.2 degrees Celsius". GMA News Online. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  5. ^ Taken from the City's Official Website as written by Maria Fe B. Agu-Villania, CPA, CSEE, the City's Planning and Development Coordinator
  6. ^ "An Act Creating the Barrio of Capatan in the Municipality of Tuguegarao, Province of Cagayan". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  7. ^ Foley, M. (1912). "Tuguegarao". The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved from New Advent on 2013-08-01.
  8. ^ "Directory of Schools for the Deaf in the Philippines". MCCID College Official Website.
  9. ^ Tuguegarao City Government

External links[edit]